Proverbs 23:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not gaze at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly!

New Living Translation
Don't gaze at the wine, seeing how red it is, how it sparkles in the cup, how smoothly it goes down.

English Standard Version
Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly.

New American Standard Bible
Do not look on the wine when it is red, When it sparkles in the cup, When it goes down smoothly;

King James Bible
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Don't gaze at wine because it is red, when it gleams in the cup and goes down smoothly.

International Standard Version
Don't stare into red wine, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly.

NET Bible
Do not look on the wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do not fix your eyes on the cup, with the wine seller, whose eye is red, but meditate on righteousness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Do not look at wine because it is red, because it sparkles in the cup, because it goes down smoothly.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Do not look upon the wine when it is red, when it gives its colour in the cup, it goes down smoothly.

King James 2000 Bible
Look not you upon the wine when it is red, when it gives its color in the cup, when it moves itself aright.

American King James Version
Look not you on the wine when it is red, when it gives his color in the cup, when it moves itself aright.

American Standard Version
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, When it sparkleth in the cup, When it goeth down smoothly:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Look not upon the wine when it is yellow, when the colour thereof shineth in the glass: it goeth in pleasantly,

Darby Bible Translation
Look not upon the wine when it is red, when it sparkleth in the cup, and goeth down smoothly:

English Revised Version
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth its colour in the cup, when it goeth down smoothly.

Webster's Bible Translation
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth its color in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.

World English Bible
Don't look at the wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly.

Young's Literal Translation
See not wine when it showeth itself red, When it giveth in the cup its colour, It goeth up and down through the upright.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

23:29-35 Solomon warns against drunkenness. Those that would be kept from sin, must keep from all the beginnings of it, and fear coming within reach of its allurements. Foresee the punishment, what it will at last end in, if repentance prevent not. It makes men quarrel. Drunkards wilfully make woe and sorrow for themselves. It makes men impure and insolent. The tongue grows unruly; the heart utters things contrary to reason, religion, and common civility. It stupifies and besots men. They are in danger of death, of damnation; as much exposed as if they slept upon the top of a mast, yet feel secure. They fear no peril when the terrors of the Lord are before them; they feel no pain when the judgments of God are actually upon them. So lost is a drunkard to virtue and honour, so wretchedly is his conscience seared, that he is not ashamed to say, I will seek it again. With good reason we were bid to stop before the beginning. Who that has common sense would contract a habit, or sell himself to a sin, which tends to such guilt and misery, and exposes a man every day to the danger of dying insensible, and awaking in hell? Wisdom seems in these chapters to take up the discourse as at the beginning of the book. They must be considered as the words of Christ to the sinner.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - Look not thou upon the wine when it is red. Be not attracted by its beautiful appearance. The wine of Palestine was chiefly "red," though what we call white wine was not unknown. The Vulgate flavescit points to the latter. When it giveth his colour in the cup. For "color" the Hebrew has "eye," which refers to the sparkling and gleaming which show themselves in wine poured into the cup. It is as though the cup had an eye which glanced at the drinker with a fascination which he did not resist. When it moveth itself aright. Having warned against the attraction of sight, the moralist now passes to the seduction of taste. Hebrew, when it goeth by the right read. This may refer to its transference from the jar or skin to the drinking cup; but it mere probably alludes to the drinker's throat, and is best translated, "when it glideth down smoothly." Vulgate, ingreditur blande. The wine pleases the palate, and passes over it without roughness or harshness (comp. Song of Solomon 7:9). The LXX. has enlarged on the original thus: "Be ye not drunk with wine, but converse with just men, and converse in public places (ἐν περιπάτοις). For if thou set thine eyes on goblets and cups, afterwards thou shalt walk more bare than a pestle (γύμνοτερος ὐπέρου)." This last expression, pistillo nudior, is a proverb. Regarding the danger of looking on seductive objects, the Arab, in his sententious language, says, "The contemplation of vice is vice."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Look not thou upon the wine when it is red,.... Or, "because it is red" (r); or shows itself red. Which was the only wine used in the land of Canaan, or, however, the most esteemed of, and that most of art which had the best colour; when it had a good, bright, red colour, or sparkled, and looked bright and beautiful, so the word signifies; and then it should not be looked upon: not that it is unlawful to look upon the colour of wine, and thereby judge of its goodness; but it should not be looked upon with a greedy eye, so as vehemently to desire it, which will lead to an intemperate use of it; just as looking upon a woman, so as to lust after her, is forbidden, Matthew 5:28;

when it giveth his colour in the cup: or, its eye in the cup (s); such a bright, brisk, and beautiful colour, as is like a bright and sparkling eye. Here is a various reading; it is written in the text, "in the purse" (t); it is read in the margin, "in the cup"; and Jarchi's note takes in both,

"he that drinks wine sets his eye on the cup; and the vintner sets his on his purse;''

when it moveth itself aright; sparkles in the glass, or goes down the throat pleasantly; or rather looks well to the eye, and appears right and good, and promises a great deal of satisfaction and delight.

(r) "quia", some in Mercerus, Gejerus. (s) "oculum suum", Montanus, Gejerus, Michaelis. (t) "in crumena, vel marsupio", Mercerus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

31. when … red—the color denoting greater strength (compare Ge 49:11; De 32:14).

giveth … cup—literally, "gives its eye," that is, sparkles.

moveth … aright—Perhaps its foaming is meant.

Proverbs 23:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
Consider Diligently what is Before You
30Those who linger long over wine, Those who go to taste mixed wine. 31Do not look on the wine when it is red, When it sparkles in the cup, When it goes down smoothly; 32At the last it bites like a serpent And stings like a viper.…
Cross References
Ephesians 5:18
Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit,

Song of Solomon 7:9
and your mouth like the best wine. She May the wine go straight to my beloved, flowing gently over lips and teeth.
Treasury of Scripture

Look not you on the wine when it is red, when it gives his color in the cup, when it moves itself aright.

Proverbs 6:25 Lust not after her beauty in your heart; neither let her take you …

2 Samuel 11:2 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his …

Job 33:1 Why, Job, I pray you, hear my speeches, and listen to all my words.

Psalm 119:37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken you me in your way.

Matthew 5:28-30 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her …

Mark 9:47 And if your eye offend you, pluck it out: it is better for you to …

1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust …

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