Proverbs 23:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When you sit to dine with a ruler, note well what is before you,

New Living Translation
While dining with a ruler, pay attention to what is put before you.

English Standard Version
When you sit down to eat with a ruler, observe carefully what is before you,

New American Standard Bible
When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully what is before you,

King James Bible
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before thee:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When you sit down to dine with a ruler, consider carefully what is before you,

International Standard Version
Whenever you sit down to dine with a ruler, carefully think about what is before you.

NET Bible
When you sit down to eat with a ruler, consider carefully what is before you,

New Heart English Bible
When you sit to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before you;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
If you sit to dine with a Ruler, perceive what is set before you

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you sit down to eat with a ruler, pay close attention to what is in front of you,

JPS Tanakh 1917
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, Consider well him that is before thee;

New American Standard 1977
When you sit down to dine with a ruler,
            Consider carefully what is before you;

Jubilee Bible 2000
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before thee;

King James 2000 Bible
When you sit to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before you:

American King James Version
When you sit to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before you:

American Standard Version
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, Consider diligently him that is before thee;

Douay-Rheims Bible
When thou shalt sit to eat with a prince, consider diligently what is set before thy face.

Darby Bible Translation
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider well who is before thee;

English Revised Version
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently him that is before thee;

Webster's Bible Translation
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before thee:

World English Bible
When you sit to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before you;

Young's Literal Translation
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, Thou considerest diligently that which is before thee,
Study Bible
Consider Diligently what is Before You
1When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully what is before you, 2And put a knife to your throat If you are a man of great appetite.…
Cross References
Proverbs 22:29
Do you see a man skilled in his work? He will stand before kings; He will not stand before obscure men.

Proverbs 23:2
And put a knife to your throat If you are a man of great appetite.
Treasury of Scripture

When you sit to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before you:

XXIII.

(1) Consider diligently what is before thee,--Rather, Who is before thee; that thy host is not an equal, but one who, if offended, might do thee deadly harm.

Verses 1-3. - A hexastich closely connected with the last verse of the preceding chapter, as if the warning was addressed to the man of skill whom his talents had made the guest of kings. Verse 1. - When thou sittest to eat with a ruler. This, of course, would be a great honour to a man of lowly birth, or to one of the middle class, to whom the manners of courts and palaces were practically unknown. Consider diligently what is before thee. So the Vulgate, Qua apposita sunt ante faciem tuam; and the Septuagint, Τὰ παρατιθέμενά σοι. Take heed lest the unusual dainties on the table tempt thee to excess, which may lead not only to unseemly behaviour, but also to unruly speech, revealing of secrets, etc. But the latter words may also be tendered, "him that is," or, "who is before thee." And this gives a very appropriate sense. The guest is enjoined to fix his attention, not on the delicate food, but on the host, who is his superior, and able to exalt and to destroy him (compare the cautious maxims in Ecclus. 13:2, 6, 7, 11, etc.). When thou sittest to eat with a ruler,.... Either a supreme ruler, a king, or a subordinate ruler, a nobleman, a judge, a civil magistrate, a person of honour, dignity, and authority; and to sit at table with such is sometimes allowed, and is always reckoned an honour; this particularly diligent and industrious persons are admitted to, who not only are brought to stand before kings and great persons, but to sit at table with them, and eat food with them. And now the wise man advises such how to behave themselves when this is the case:

consider diligently what is before thee; or, "considering consider" (q): take special notice of the food and drink set upon the table, and consider well which may be most proper and safe to eat and drink of; for though a man may lawfully eat of whatsoever is set before him; every creature of God being good, if it be received with thanksgiving, and sanctified by the word of God and prayer; yet it is a piece of wisdom to make use of that which is most conducive to health, and less ensnaring; and to observe moderation in all, and not indulge to gluttony and drunkenness: and he should consider also who is before him, which sense the words wilt bear; the ruler that has invited him, and sits at the table with him, and take care that he says or does nothing that may give him offence; and also the noble personages that are guests with him, and behave towards them suitably to their rank and dignity; observe their words and conduct, and imitate the same; yea, even he should consider the servants and waiters that attend, lest, behaving in an indecent and disorderly manner, they should report it to his disadvantage to their ruler or others. But how much greater an honour is it to sit at table with the King of kings, and with his princes, and sup with him! when it becomes the saints, who have this honour, to consider what is set before them; the richest dainties, a feast of things, the body and blood of Christ, which should he spiritually discerned by faith; and not the elements of bread and wine only: likewise the persons before whom they are should be considered; Christ, who sits at his table, and the princes of his people with him; and therefore should not feed without fear, and in a disorderly and indecent manner, as the Corinthians are charged, but with all reverence and humility.

(q) "considerando considera", Pagninus, Vatablus, Piscator, Mercerus, Gejerus. CHAPTER 23

Pr 23:1-35.

1. Avoid the dangers of gluttony.23:1-3 God's restraints of the appetite only say, Do thyself no harm. 4,5. Be not of those that will be rich. The things of this world are not happiness and a portion for a soul; those that hold them ever so fast, cannot hold them always, cannot hold them long. 6-8. Do not make thyself burdensome to any, especially those not sincere. When we are called by God to his feast, and to let our souls delight themselves, Isa 25:6; 55:2, we may safely partake of the Bread of life. 9. It is our duty to take all fit occasions to speak of Divine things; but if what a wise man says will not be heard, let him hold his peace. 10,11. The fatherless are taken under God's special protection. He is their Redeemer, who will take their part; and he is mighty, almighty.
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