Philippians 3:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Their destiny is destruction, their god is their stomach, and their glory is in their shame. Their mind is set on earthly things.

New Living Translation
They are headed for destruction. Their god is their appetite, they brag about shameful things, and they think only about this life here on earth.

English Standard Version
Their end is destruction, their god is their belly, and they glory in their shame, with minds set on earthly things.

New American Standard Bible
whose end is destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things.

King James Bible
Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Their end is destruction; their god is their stomach; their glory is in their shame. They are focused on earthly things,

International Standard Version
Their destiny is destruction, their god is their belly, and their glory is in their shame. Their minds are set on worldly things.

NET Bible
Their end is destruction, their god is the belly, they exult in their shame, and they think about earthly things.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For their end is destruction, whose God is their belly and their glory is in their shame- these whose minds are in the dirt.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the end they will be destroyed. Their own emotions are their god, and they take pride in the shameful things they do. Their minds are set on worldly things.

Jubilee Bible 2000
whose end shall be perdition, whose God is their belly and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things).

King James 2000 Bible
Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

American King James Version
Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

American Standard Version
whose end is perdition, whose god is the belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whose end is destruction; whose God is their belly; and whose glory is in their shame; who mind earthly things.

Darby Bible Translation
whose end [is] destruction, whose god [is] the belly, and [their] glory in their shame, who mind earthly things:)

English Revised Version
whose end is perdition, whose god is the belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

Weymouth New Testament
Their end is destruction, their bellies are their God, their glory is in their shame, and their minds are devoted to earthly things.

World English Bible
whose end is destruction, whose god is the belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who think about earthly things.

Young's Literal Translation
whose end is destruction, whose god is the belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who the things on earth are minding.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:12-21 This simple dependence and earnestness of soul, were not mentioned as if the apostle had gained the prize, or were already made perfect in the Saviour's likeness. He forgot the things which were behind, so as not to be content with past labours or present measures of grace. He reached forth, stretched himself forward towards his point; expressions showing great concern to become more and more like unto Christ. He who runs a race, must never stop short of the end, but press forward as fast as he can; so those who have heaven in their view, must still press forward to it, in holy desires and hopes, and constant endeavours. Eternal life is the gift of God, but it is in Christ Jesus; through his hand it must come to us, as it is procured for us by him. There is no getting to heaven as our home, but by Christ as our Way. True believers, in seeking this assurance, as well as to glorify him, will seek more nearly to resemble his sufferings and death, by dying to sin, and by crucifying the flesh with its affections and lusts. In these things there is a great difference among real Christians, but all know something of them. Believers make Christ all in all, and set their hearts upon another world. If they differ from one another, and are not of the same judgment in lesser matters, yet they must not judge one another; while they all meet now in Christ, and hope to meet shortly in heaven. Let them join in all the great things in which they are agreed, and wait for further light as to lesser things wherein they differ. The enemies of the cross of Christ mind nothing but their sensual appetites. Sin is the sinner's shame, especially when gloried in. The way of those who mind earthly things, may seem pleasant, but death and hell are at the end of it. If we choose their way, we shall share their end. The life of a Christian is in heaven, where his Head and his home are, and where he hopes to be shortly; he sets his affections upon things above; and where his heart is, there will his conversation be. There is glory kept for the bodies of the saints, in which they will appear at the resurrection. Then the body will be made glorious; not only raised again to life, but raised to great advantage. Observe the power by which this change will be wrought. May we be always prepared for the coming of our Judge; looking to have our vile bodies changed by his Almighty power, and applying to him daily to new-create our souls unto holiness; to deliver us from our enemies, and to employ our bodies and souls as instruments of righteousness in his service.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 19. - Whose end is destruction; rather, as R.V., perdition. Observe the contrast: not the prize of the high calling, but everlasting death. Whose god is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame (comp. Romans 16:18). They boast of their liberty, and pervert it into licence' (2 Peter 2:19). Who mind earthly things; rather, they who mind. The irregularity of the construction (he returns to the nominative) seems expressive of the apostle's indignation.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Whose end is destruction,.... Everlasting destruction, the destruction of both body and soul in hell, Matthew 10:28; and this is the end, the reward and issue of bad principles and practices; the broad roads of sin and error lead to destruction, Matthew 7:13; however pleasing such ways may be to men, the end of them is eternal death; destruction and misery are in all the ways of profaneness and heresy; not only immoralities, but heresies, such as strike at the efficacy of Christ's cross, his blood, righteousness, and sacrifice, are damnable ones, and bring upon men swift destruction, 2 Peter 2:1; and how should it otherwise be, for there is no salvation but by the cross of Christ? and if men are enemies to that, and the efficacy of it, and the way of salvation by it, there is no more, nor any other sacrifice for sin, Hebrews 10:26, but a fearful looking for of judgment, and fiery indignation, Hebrews 10:27; and this will be the case of all barren and unfruitful professors, who are like the earth, that brings forth briers and thorns, and is nigh unto cursing, whose end is to be burned, Hebrews 6:8; for what will the hope of such an one, founded on his profession, though he may have got credit and reputation among men, avail, when God takes away his soul?

whose god is their belly; the belly was the god of the Cyclops, they sacrificed to none but to themselves, and to the greatest of the gods, their own belly (a); as money is the covetous man's god, whom he loves, adores, and puts his confidence in, so the belly is the god of the sensualist, the epicure, and voluptuous person; he has more regard for the service of that, than for the service of God? and of this complexion were these professors; they were lovers of pleasure, more than lovers of God, 2 Timothy 3:4; all their pretensions to religion, to Christ, and his Gospel, were only to serve themselves, their own bellies, and not the Lord Jesus Christ, and to do good to the souls of men: or their belly may be said to be their god, because they placed religion in the observance of meats and drinks, either allowed or forbidden in the law of Moses, which profited not those that were occupied therein, Hebrews 9:10; for the kingdom of God, the Gospel dispensation, internal religion, and the exercise of it, lies not in these things, but in righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, Romans 14:17,

and whose glory is in their shame; in their evil practices committed in secret, of which it was a shame to speak; in their hidden things of dishonesty, crafty walking, and deceitful handling of the word of God, which were vile and scandalous, 2 Corinthians 4:2; in corrupting the Gospel, and the churches of Christ, with their false doctrine; in observing and urging the ceremonies of the law, which were dead, and ought to be buried; and particularly circumcision in the flesh, in that part of the body which causes shame, and in this was their glory, Galatians 6:13. The idol Baal Peor, and which is no other than the Priapus of the Heathens, is called by this name, Hosea 9:10; so the prophets of Baal are in the Septuagint on 1 Kings 18:19 called the prophets, , "of that shame"; it may be the apostle may have a regard to the secret debaucheries of these persons; or because they made their belly their god, he calls it their shame in which they gloried, and which was the name given to the idols of the Gentiles:

who mind earthly things. The Arabic version renders it, "who entertain earthly opinions"; and some by, "earthly things" understand the ceremonies of the law, called the elements and rudiments of the world, which these false teachers were fond of, and were very diligent to inculcate and urge the observance of; though rather worldly things, such as honour, glory, and popular applause, and wealth, and riches, are meant; for they sought their own things, and not the things of Christ; through covetousness, with feigned words, they made merchandise of men, and amassed to themselves great sums of money; and yet were greedy dogs, could never have enough, everyone looking for his gain from his quarter, Isaiah 56:11, and now persons of such characters as these were by no means to be followed, but such who are hereafter described,

(a) Euripides.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

19. destruction—everlasting at Christ's coming. Php 1:28, "perdition"; the opposite word is "Saviour" (Php 3:20).

end—fixed doom.

whose god is their belly—(Ro 16:18); hereafter to be destroyed by God (1Co 6:13). In contrast to our "body" (Php 3:21), which our God, the Lord Jesus, shall "fashion like unto His glorious body." Their belly is now pampered, our body now wasted; then the respective states of both shall be reversed.

glory is in their shame—As "glory" is often used in the Old Testament for God (Ps 106:20), so here it answers to "whose God," in the parallel clause; and "shame" is the Old Testament term contemptuously given to an idol (Jud 6:32, Margin). Ho 4:7 seems to be referred to by Paul (compare Ro 1:32). There seems no allusion to circumcision, as no longer glorious, but a shame to them (Php 3:2). The reference of the immediate context is to sensuality, and carnality in general.

mind earthly things—(Ro 8:5). In contrast to Php 3:20; Col 3:2.

Philippians 3:19 Additional Commentaries
Context
Citizenship in Heaven
18For many walk, of whom I often told you, and now tell you even weeping, that they are enemies of the cross of Christ, 19whose end is destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things. 20For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ;…
Cross References
Jeremiah 44:17
We will certainly do everything we said we would: We will burn incense to the Queen of Heaven and will pour out drink offerings to her just as we and our ancestors, our kings and our officials did in the towns of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. At that time we had plenty of food and were well off and suffered no harm.

Romans 6:21
What benefit did you reap at that time from the things you are now ashamed of? Those things result in death!

Romans 8:5
Those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on what the flesh desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires.

Romans 16:18
For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naive people.

Colossians 3:2
Set your minds on things above, not on earthly things.

2 Thessalonians 1:9
They will be punished with everlasting destruction and shut out from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might

2 Timothy 3:4
treacherous, rash, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God--

Titus 1:12
One of Crete's own prophets has said it: "Cretans are always liars, evil brutes, lazy gluttons."

Jude 1:10
Yet these people slander whatever they do not understand, and the very things they do understand by instinct--as irrational animals do--will destroy them.

Jude 1:13
They are wild waves of the sea, foaming up their shame; wandering stars, for whom blackest darkness has been reserved forever.
Treasury of Scripture

Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

end.

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, …

Luke 12:45,46 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delays his coming; …

2 Corinthians 11:15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed …

2 Thessalonians 2:8,12 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume …

Hebrews 6:6-8 If they shall fall away, to renew them again to repentance; seeing …

2 Peter 2:1,3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there …

2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; …

Jude 1:4,13 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old …

Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that worked …

Revelation 20:9,10 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp …

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, …

Revelation 22:15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, …

whose God.

Philippians 2:21 For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.

1 Samuel 2:11-16,29 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister …

Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb …

Ezekiel 13:19 And will you pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and …

Ezekiel 34:3 You eat the fat, and you clothe you with the wool, you kill them …

Micah 3:5,11 Thus said the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, …

Malachi 1:12 But you have profaned it, in that you say, The table of the LORD …

Luke 12:19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have much goods laid up for …

Luke 16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine …

Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly…

1 Timothy 6:5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the …

2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, high minded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;

Titus 1:11,12 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching …

2 Peter 2:13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count …

Jude 1:12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, …

whose glory.

Psalm 52:1 Why boast you yourself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of …

Hosea 4:7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will …

Habakkuk 2:15,16 Woe to him that gives his neighbor drink, that put your bottle to …

Luke 18:4 And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, …

1 Corinthians 5:2,6 And you are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that …

2 Corinthians 11:12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them …

Galatians 6:13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but …

James 4:16 But now you rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil.

2 Peter 2:18,19 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through …

Jude 1:13,16 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, …

Revelation 18:7 How much she has glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much …

who.

Psalm 4:6,7 There be many that say, Who will show us any good? LORD, lift you …

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which …

Matthew 16:23 But he turned, and said to Peter, Get you behind me, Satan: you are …

Romans 8:5-7 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; …

1 Corinthians 3:3 For you are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and …

2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise …

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