1 Corinthians 9:27
Parallel Verses
New International Version
No, I strike a blow to my body and make it my slave so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified for the prize.

New Living Translation
I discipline my body like an athlete, training it to do what it should. Otherwise, I fear that after preaching to others I myself might be disqualified.

English Standard Version
But I discipline my body and keep it under control, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified.

New American Standard Bible
but I discipline my body and make it my slave, so that, after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified.

King James Bible
But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Instead, I discipline my body and bring it under strict control, so that after preaching to others, I myself will not be disqualified.

International Standard Version
No, I keep on disciplining my body, making it serve me so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not somehow be disqualified.

NET Bible
Instead I subdue my body and make it my slave, so that after preaching to others I myself will not be disqualified.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But I subdue my body and I enslave it, lest I who have preached to others would be disqualified myself.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Rather, I toughen my body with punches and make it my slave so that I will not be disqualified after I have spread the Good News to others.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but I keep my body under, and bring it into subjection, lest preaching to others, I myself should become reprobate.

King James 2000 Bible
But I roughly treat my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be disqualified.

American King James Version
But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.

American Standard Version
but I buffet my body, and bring it into bondage: lest by any means, after that I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway.

Darby Bible Translation
But I buffet my body, and lead it captive, lest [after] having preached to others I should be myself rejected.

English Revised Version
but I buffet my body, and bring it into bondage: lest by any means, after that I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected.

Webster's Bible Translation
But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest by any means when I have preached to others, I myself should be a cast-away.

Weymouth New Testament
but I hit hard and straight at my own body and lead it off into slavery, lest possibly, after I have been a herald to others, I should myself be rejected.

World English Bible
but I beat my body and bring it into submission, lest by any means, after I have preached to others, I myself should be rejected.

Young's Literal Translation
but I chastise my body, and bring it into servitude, lest by any means, having preached to others -- I myself may become disapproved.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:24-27 The apostle compares himself to the racers and combatants in the Isthmian games, well known by the Corinthians. But in the Christian race all may run so as to obtain. There is the greatest encouragement, therefore, to persevere with all our strength, in this course. Those who ran in these games were kept to a spare diet. They used themselves to hardships. They practised the exercises. And those who pursue the interests of their souls, must combat hard with fleshly lusts. The body must not be suffered to rule. The apostle presses this advice on the Corinthians. He sets before himself and them the danger of yielding to fleshly desires, pampering the body, and its lusts and appetites. Holy fear of himself was needed to keep an apostle faithful: how much more is it needful for our preservation! Let us learn from hence humility and caution, and to watch against dangers which surround us while in the body.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 27. - I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection; literally, I bruise my body, and lead it about as a slave. The word tamely rendered "keep in subjection" means literally, I smite under the eyes. The pugilistic metaphor is kept up, and the picturesque force of the words would convey a vivid impression to Corinthians familiar with the contests of the Pancratum, in which boxing with the heavy lead-bound caestus played a prominent part. The only other place in the New Testament where the word occurs is Luke 18:5, where it seems (on the lips of the unjust judge) to have a sort of slang sense. How St. Paul "bruised his body" may be seen in 2 Corinthians 6:4, 5; Colossians 3:5; Romans 8:13. It was not by absurd and harmful self torture, but by noble labour and self denial for the good of others. When I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway. "Lest" - such is the meaning of the metaphor" after proclaiming to others the laws of the contest (as a herald), I should myself violate those conditions, and be not only defeated as a combatant, but ignominiously rejected from the lists and not allowed to contend at all." The metaphor is not strictly adhered to, for the herald did not personally contend. No candidate could compete without a preliminary scrutiny, and to be "rejected" was regarded as a deadly insult The word "rejected," "reprobate" - here rendered "a castaway" - is a metaphor derived from the testing of metals, and the casting aside of those which are spurious. That Paul should see the necessity for such serious and unceasing effort shows how little he believed in the possibility of saintly "works of supererogation, over and above what is commanded." "When the cedar of Lebanon trembles, what shall the reed by the brookside do?"





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But I keep under my body,.... The allusion is still to fighters, who, by cuffing and boxing, give their antagonists black and blue eyes, which is the proper signification of the word here used: so it is said (u) of Menedemus, that in questions or scholastic exercises, he was so vehement and pugnacious, that he never departed without , "carrying away black and blue eyes". This is not to be understood by the apostle of his natural body, and of his keeping it under by immoderate watchings, fastings, and labours, or by whipping and scourging, and lying upon the bare ground, and other such practices; but of the body of sin, the corruption of nature, and of that being laid under some restraints; of the mortifying the deeds of the body through the Spirit, of crucifying the affections with the lusts, of putting off the old man with his deeds, as concerning the former conversation, and of making no provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof: it seems to be the same with what the Jews call (w), , "a subduing of a man's evil concupiscence": who is a strong man? they say (x), , "he that subdues his corruption", according to Proverbs 16:32 and again (y).

"the sons of Ulam were mighty and powerful men, , "subduing their corruptions", as man that draws a bow with wisdom.''

And bring it into subjection; so as not to serve and obey it in the lusts thereof; but to have the ascendant of it, and government over it, that it does not, and cannot reign as it formerly did: the allusion is still to the combatant, who gets and keeps his antagonist under him, and has the command of him, and throws him on the ground, or drags him about at pleasure:

lest that by any means when I have preached to others; the Gospel of the grace of God, for their souls' profit and advantage, to gain and save them; and have called upon them so to run, that they might receive and enjoy the incorruptible crown:

I myself should be a castaway, or rejected, or disapproved of; that is, by men: the apostle's concern is, lest he should do anything that might bring a reproach on the Gospel; lest some corruption of his nature or other should break out, and thereby his ministry be justly blamed, and be brought under contempt; and so he be rejected and disapproved of by men, and become useless as a preacher: not that he feared he should become a reprobate, as the word is opposed to an elect person; or that he should be a castaway eternally, or be everlastingly damned; for he knew in whom he had believed, and was persuaded of his interest in the love of God, and that he was a chosen vessel of salvation, that could not be eternally lost: though supposing that this is his sense, and these his fears and concern, it follows not as neither that he was, so neither that he could be a lost and damned person: the fears of the saints, their godly jealousies of themselves, and pious care that they be not lost, are not at all inconsistent with the firmness of their election, their security in Christ, and the impossibility of their final and total falling away; but on the contrary are overruled, and made use of by the Spirit of God, for their final perseverance in grace and holiness.

(u) Hesychius de Philosophis, p. 48. (w) Tzeror Hammor, fol. 145. 2, 3. T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 69. 2.((x) Pirke Abot, c. 4. sect. 1.((y) Targum in 1 Chronicles 8.40.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

27. keep under—literally, "bruise the face under the eyes," so as to render it black and blue; so, to chastise in the most sensitive part. Compare "mortify the deeds of the body," Ro 8:13; also 1Pe 2:11. It is not ascetic fasts or macerations of the body which are here recommended, but the keeping under of our natural self-seeking, so as, like Paul, to lay ourselves out entirely for the great work.

my body—the old man and the remainders of lust in my flesh. "My body," so far as by the flesh it opposes the spirit [Estius] (Ga 5:17). Men may be severe to their bodies and yet indulge their lust. Ascetic "neglect of the body" may be all the while a more subtile "satisfying of the flesh" (Col 2:23). Unless the soul keep the body under, the body will get above the soul. The body may be made a good servant, but is a bad master.

bring it into subjection—or bondage, as a slave or servant led away captive; so the Greek.

preached—literally, "heralded." He keeps up the image from the races. The heralds summoned the candidates for the foot race into the race course [Plato, Laws, 8.833], and placed the crowns on the brows of the conquerors, announcing their names [Bengel]. They probably proclaimed also the laws of the combat; answering to the preaching of the apostles [Alford]. The The Christian herald is also a combatant, in which respect he is distinguished from the herald at the games.

a castaway—failing shamefully of the prize myself, after I have called others to the contest. Rejected by God, the Judge of the Christian race, notwithstanding my having, by my preaching, led others to be accepted. Compare the equivalent term, "reprobate," Jer 6:30; 2Co 13:6. Paul implies, if such earnest, self-denying watchfulness over himself be needed still, with all his labors for others, to make his own calling sure, much more is the same needed by the Corinthians, instead of their going, as they do, to the extreme limit of Christian liberty.

1 Corinthians 9:27 Additional Commentaries
Context
Run Your Race to Win
26Therefore I run in such a way, as not without aim; I box in such a way, as not beating the air; 27but I discipline my body and make it my slave, so that, after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified.
Cross References
Luke 18:5
yet because this widow keeps bothering me, I will see that she gets justice, so that she won't eventually come and attack me!'"

Romans 8:13
For if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live.

2 Corinthians 13:5
Examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith; test yourselves. Do you not realize that Christ Jesus is in you--unless, of course, you fail the test?
Treasury of Scripture

But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.

I keep.

1 Corinthians 9:25 And every man that strives for the mastery is temperate in all things. …

1 Corinthians 4:11,12 Even to this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, …

1 Corinthians 6:12,13 All things are lawful to me, but all things are not expedient: all …

1 Corinthians 8:13 Why, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while …

Romans 8:13 For if you live after the flesh, you shall die: but if you through …

2 Corinthians 6:4,5 But in all things approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in …

2 Corinthians 11:27 In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, …

Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are on the earth; fornication, …

2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, …

1 Peter 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain …

and.

Romans 6:18,19 Being then made free from sin, you became the servants of righteousness…

lest.

1 Corinthians 13:1-3 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not …

Psalm 50:16 But to the wicked God said, What have you to do to declare my statutes, …

Matthew 7:21-23 Not every one that said to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom …

Luke 12:45-47 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delays his coming; …

Luke 13:26,27 Then shall you begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in your presence, …

2 Peter 2:15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following …

a castaway.

Jeremiah 6:30 Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD has rejected them.

Luke 9:25 For what is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose …

Acts 1:25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which …

2 Corinthians 13:5,6 Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith; prove your own selves. …

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