1 Samuel 31:3
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New International Version
The fighting grew fierce around Saul, and when the archers overtook him, they wounded him critically.

New Living Translation
The fighting grew very fierce around Saul, and the Philistine archers caught up with him and wounded him severely.

English Standard Version
The battle pressed hard against Saul, and the archers found him, and he was badly wounded by the archers.

New American Standard Bible
The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers.

King James Bible
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the battle intensified against Saul, the archers caught up with him and severely wounded him.

International Standard Version
The heaviest fighting was directed toward Saul, and when the bowmen who were shooting located Saul, he was severely wounded by them.

NET Bible
Saul himself was in the thick of the battle; the archers spotted him and wounded him severely.

New Heart English Bible
The battle went hard against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The heaviest fighting was against Saul. When the archers got him in their range, he was badly wounded by them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the battle went sore against Saul, an the archers overtook him; and he was in great anguish by reason of the archers.

New American Standard 1977
And the battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers found him, and he was sore afraid of the archers.

King James 2000 Bible
And the battle went hard against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was severely wounded of the archers.

American King James Version
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

American Standard Version
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the whole weight of the battle was turned upon Saul: and the archers overtook him, and he was grievously wounded by the archers.

Darby Bible Translation
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers came up with him; and he was much terrified by the archers.

English Revised Version
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the battle was severe against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was severely wounded by the archers.

World English Bible
The battle went hard against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers.

Young's Literal Translation
And the battle is hard against Saul, and the archers find him -- men with bow -- and he is pained greatly by the archers;
Study Bible
Saul's Overthrow and Death
2The Philistines overtook Saul and his sons; and the Philistines killed Jonathan and Abinadab and Malchi-shua the sons of Saul. 3The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers. 4Then Saul said to his armor bearer, "Draw your sword and pierce me through with it, otherwise these uncircumcised will come and pierce me through and make sport of me." But his armor bearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. So Saul took his sword and fell on it.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 1:6
The young man who told him said, "By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and behold, Saul was leaning on his spear. And behold, the chariots and the horsemen pursued him closely.

2 Samuel 21:12
then David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh-gilead, who had stolen them from the open square of Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them on the day the Philistines struck down Saul in Gilboa.
Treasury of Scripture

And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

went sore

2 Samuel 1:4 And David said to him, How went the matter? I pray you, tell me. …

Amos 2:14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong …

archers hit him [heb] shooters, men with bows, found him

Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him:

1 Kings 22:34 And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of …

(3) And the battle went sore against Saul.--That is, after the death of Jonathan and his brothers. The great warrior king no doubt fought like a lion, but one by one his brave defenders fell in harness by his side; and the enemy seems to have directed their principal attention, at this period of the fight, to killing or capturing the famous Saul.

And the archers hit him.--It would seem as though, in that deadly combat, none could strike down that giant kingly form, so the archers--literally, as in the margin of our Version, shooters, men with bows, skilful shots--were told off, and these, aiming at the warrior towering above the other combatants, with the crown on his head (2Samuel 1:10), hit him.

And he was sore wounded by the archers.--This is the usual rendering of the word, but the more accurate translation is, He was sore afraid (or was greatly alarmed at them): so Gesenius, Keil, Lange, &c. All seemed against him. His army was routed, his sons were dead, his faithful captains and companions were gone, and these bow-men were shooting at him from a distance where his strong arm could not reach them. Gradually weakened through loss of blood--perhaps with the words he had heard only a few hours before at En-dor from the dead prophet ringing in his ears, "To-morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me"--the great undaunted courage at last failed him, and he turned to his armourbearer, who was still by his side.

Verses 3, 4. - The archers. Literally, as in the margin, "shooters, men with bows." As the first word would equally apply to men who threw javelins, the explanation is added to make the meaning clear. Hit him. Literally, "found him, i.e. found out his position, and came up to where he was. He was sore wounded. Rather, "he was sore distressed." In Deuteronomy 2:25 the verb is rendered "be in anguish." The meaning is that Saul, finding himself surrounded by these archers, and that he could neither escape nor come to close quarters with them, and die fighting, ordered his armour bearer to kill him, that he might be spared the degradation of being slain by "uncircumcised" heathen. Abuse me. This verb is translated mock in Jeremiah 38:19. "Maltreat" would be a better rendering in both places, and also in Judges 19:25, where, too, the word occurs. Its exact meaning is to practise upon another all that passion, lust, anger, or malice dictate. Probably Saul thought that they would treat him as they had previously treated Samson (Judges 16:21-25). And the battle went sore against Saul,.... Pressed heavy upon him; he was the butt of the Philistines, they aimed at his person and life:

and the archers hit him; or "found him" (a); the place where was, and directed their arrows at him:

and he was sore wounded of the archers; or rather "he was afraid" of them, as the Targum, for as yet he was not wounded; and so the Syriac and Arabic versions render it, and is the sense Kimchi and Ben Melech give of the word: he was not afraid of death, as Abarbinel observes, he chose to die; but he was afraid he should be hit by the archers in such a way that he should not die immediately, and should be taken alive and ill used; the Philistines, especially the Cherethites, were famous for archery; See Gill on Zephaniah 2:5.

(a) "et inveserust cum", Pagninus, Montanus. 3-5. the battle went sore against Saul, etc.—He seems to have bravely maintained his ground for some time longer; but exhausted with fatigue and loss of blood, and dreading that if he fell alive into the enemy's hands, they would insolently maltreat him (Jos 8:29; 10:24; Jud 8:21), he requested his armor bearer to despatch him. However, that officer refused to do so. Saul then falling on the point of his sword killed himself; and the armor bearer, who, according to Jewish writers, was Doeg, following the example of his master, put an end to his life also. They died by one and the same sword—the very weapon with which they had massacred the Lord's servants at Nob.31:1-7 We cannot judge of the spiritual or eternal state of any by the manner of their death; for in that, there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked. Saul, when sorely wounded, and unable to resist or to flee, expressed no concern about his never-dying soul; but only desired that the Philistines might not insult over him, or put him to pain, and he became his own murderer. As it is the grand deceit of the devil, to persuade sinners, under great difficulties, to fly to this last act of desperation, it is well to fortify the mind against it, by a serious consideration of its sinfulness before God, and its miserable consequences in society. But our security is not in ourselves. Let us seek protection from Him who keepeth Israel. Let us watch and pray; and take unto us the whole armour of God, that we may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
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Alphabetical: against and archers around badly battle by critically fierce fighting grew he heavily him hit overtook Saul The they was went when wounded

OT History: 1 Samuel 31:3 The battle went sore against Saul (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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