New International Version
who has left the partner of her youth and ignored the covenant she made before God.
New Living Translation
She has abandoned her husband and ignores the covenant she made before God.
English Standard Version
who forsakes the companion of her youth and forgets the covenant of her God;
New American Standard Bible
That leaves the companion of her youth And forgets the covenant of her God;
King James Bible
Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God.
Holman Christian Standard Bible
who abandons the companion of her youth and forgets the covenant of her God;
International Standard Version
someone who abandoned the companion of her youth and forgot the covenant of her God.
who leaves the husband from her younger days, and forgets her marriage covenant made before God.
Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Who has left the rearing of her childhood and has forgotten the covenant of her God.
GOD'S WORD® Translation
who leaves [her husband,]the closest friend of her youth,[and forgets her marriage vows to her God.]
JPS Tanakh 1917
That forsaketh the lord of her youth, And forgetteth the covenant of her God.
New American Standard 1977
That leaves the companion of her youth,
And forgets the covenant of her God;
Jubilee Bible 2000
who forsakes the prince of her youth and forgets the covenant of her God.
King James 2000 Bible
Who forsakes the companion of her youth, and forgets the covenant of her God.
American King James Version
Which forsakes the guide of her youth, and forgets the covenant of her God.
American Standard Version
That forsaketh the friend of her youth, And forgetteth the covenant of her God:
And forsaketh the guide of her youth,
Darby Bible Translation
who forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God;
English Revised Version
Which forsaketh the friend of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God:
Webster's Bible Translation
Who forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God.
World English Bible
who forsakes the friend of her youth, and forgets the covenant of her God:
Young's Literal Translation
Who is forsaking the guide of her youth, And the covenant of her God hath forgotten.
Parallel CommentariesMatthew Henry's Concise Commentary
2:10-22 If we are truly wise, we shall be careful to avoid all evil company and evil practices. When wisdom has dominion over us, then it not only fills the head, but enters into the heart, and will preserve, both against corruptions within and temptations without. The ways of sin are ways of darkness, uncomfortable and unsafe: what fools are those who leave the plain, pleasant, lightsome paths of uprightness, to walk in such ways! They take pleasure in sin; both in committing it, and in seeing others commit it. Every wise man will shun such company. True wisdom will also preserve from those who lead to fleshly lusts, which defile the body, that living temple, and war against the soul. These are evils which excite the sorrow of every serious mind, and cause every reflecting parent to look upon his children with anxiety, lest they should be entangled in such fatal snares. Let the sufferings of others be our warnings. Our Lord Jesus deters from sinful pleasures, by the everlasting torments which follow them. It is very rare that any who are caught in this snare of the devil, recover themselves; so much is the heart hardened, and the mind blinded, by the deceitfulness of this sin. Many think that this caution, besides the literal sense, is to be understood as a caution against idolatry, and subjecting the soul to the body, by seeking any forbidden object. The righteous must leave the earth as well as the wicked; but the earth is a very different thing to them. To the wicked it is all the heaven they ever shall have; to the righteous it is the place of preparation for heaven. And is it all one to us, whether we share with the wicked in the miseries of their latter end, or share those everlasting joys that shall crown believers?
Verse 17. - The guide of her youth (נְעוּרֶיהָ אַלּוּפ, alluph n'ureyah); properly, the associate or companion of her youth. The Hebrew, אָלּוּפ (alluph), being derived from the root אָלַפ, (alaph), "to accustom one's self to," or "to be accustomed to" or "familiar with" anyone. The word is rendered as "friend" in Proverbs 17:9; Proverbs 16:28; Micah 7:5. The idea of guidance, which is adopted in the Authorized Version, and appears also in the Vulgate dux. and Targum ducatus, is a secondary idea, and is derived probably from the relation in which the husband stands to his wife. Various interpretations have been given to the expression. It occurs again in Jeremiah 3:4, where Jehovah applies it to himself, and says, through his prophet, to the religiously adulterous Judah, "Wilt thou not from this time cry unto me, My Father, thou art the Guide of my youth (אַלּוּפ נְעֻרי, alluph n'ura)?" It has also been understood as referring to the woman's parents, her father and mother, who were her natural guardians. But the context seems to require that it should be taken as designating her husband. It will then be the correlative of "the wife of thy youth" of Malachi 2:14. The covenant of her God; i.e. the marriage covenant, called "the covenant of her God," because entered into in his presence. The forsaking of the guide of her youth is essentially bound up with a forgetfulness of the solemn covenant which she had entered into in the presence of God. No specific mention is made in the Pentateuch of any religious ceremony at marriage; yet we may infer, from Malachi 2:14, 15, where God is spoken of as "a Witness" between the husband and "the wife of his youth," "the wife of thy covenant," that the marriage contract was solemnized with sacred rites. The Proverbs thus give a high and sacred character to marriage, and so carry on the original idea of the institution which, under the gospel dispensation, developed late the principle of the indissolubility of the marriage tie. It is no objection to this view that the monogamic principle was infringed, and polygamy countenanced. The reason of this latter departure is given in Deuteronomy 22:28 and Exodus 22:16. The morality of the Proverbs always represents monogamy as the rule, it deprecates illicit intercourse, and discountenances divorce. It is in entire accordance with the seventh commandment. The woman who commits adultery offends, not only against her husband, but against her God.
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
Which forsaketh the guide of her youth,.... Not God, the God of her life, and who had provided for her from her youth up; nor her parent that had taken care of her in her infancy, and had been the guardian of her virgin state; but her husband, to whom she was married in her youth, and to whom she gave up herself to be guided and directed, ruled and governed, by: and as it is an aggravation of evil in a man to deal treacherously against the wife of his youth, and the wife of his covenant, Malachi 2:14; so it is in a woman to forsake "the friend" or "companion of her youth" (w), as the phrase may be rendered; who loved her and espoused her in his youthful age, and with whom he had lived long in love and friendship, and in great happiness, but now forsakes him; her affections being alienated from him, leaves his company and bed, and associates with others. Gersom interprets this of the human understanding, appointed to govern the other powers and faculties of the soul;
and forgetteth the covenant of her God: not the covenant made with Noah, in which adultery, as well as other things, were forbidden; nor the law of Moses, or covenant at Sinai, in which it was condemned; but the marriage covenant, which she entered into with her husband when espoused to him, and when they mutually obliged themselves to be faithful to one another: and this is called "the covenant of God"; not only because God is the author and institutor of marriage, and has directed and enjoined persons to enter into such a contract with one another; but because he is present at it, and is a witness of such an engagement, mid is appealed unto in it; which, as it adds to the solemnity of it, makes the violation of it the more criminal. So the church of Rome has forsook Christ, who was her guide in her first settlement, and her husband she professed to be espoused to, as a chaste virgin; and has followed other lovers, and become the mother of harlots; so false teachers leave their guide, the Scriptures, and bring in damnable heresies, and deny the Lord that bought them, 2 Peter 2:1.
(w) "amieum adolescentiae suae", De Dieu, Michaelis; "socium juventutis suae", Schultens.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
17. guide … youth—lawful husband (Jer 3:4).
covenant … God—of marriage made in God's name.
Proverbs 2:17 Additional Commentaries
The Benefits of Wisdom
…16To deliver you from the strange woman, From the adulteress who flatters with her words; 17That leaves the companion of her youth And forgets the covenant of her God; 18For her house sinks down to death And her tracks lead to the dead;…
That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.
Have you not just called to me: 'My Father, my friend from my youth,
You ask, "Why?" It is because the LORD is the witness between you and the wife of your youth. You have been unfaithful to her, though she is your partner, the wife of your marriage covenant.
Has not the one God made you? You belong to him in body and spirit. And what does the one God seek? Godly offspring. So be on your guard, and do not be unfaithful to the wife of your youth.
Treasury of Scripture
Which forsakes the guide of her youth, and forgets the covenant of her God.
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