Isaiah 10:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus?

New Living Translation
We destroyed Calno just as we did Carchemish. Hamath fell before us as Arpad did. And we destroyed Samaria just as we did Damascus.

English Standard Version
Is not Calno like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad? Is not Samaria like Damascus?

New American Standard Bible
"Is not Calno like Carchemish, Or Hamath like Arpad, Or Samaria like Damascus?

King James Bible
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?

International Standard Version
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?

NET Bible
Is not Calneh like Carchemish? Hamath like Arpad? Samaria like Damascus?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?'

Jubilee Bible 2000
Is not Calno as Carchemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus?

King James 2000 Bible
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

American King James Version
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

American Standard Version
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Are not my princes as so many kings ? is not Calano as Charcamis: and Emath as Arphad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Darby Bible Translation
Is not Calno as Karkemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus?

English Revised Version
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Webster's Bible Translation
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

World English Bible
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?"

Young's Literal Translation
Is not Calno as Carchemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:5-19 See what a change sin made. The king of Assyria, in his pride, thought to act by his own will. The tyrants of the world are tools of Providence. God designs to correct his people for their hypocrisy, and bring them nearer to him; but is that Sennacherib's design? No; he designs to gratify his own covetousness and ambition. The Assyrian boasts what great things he has done to other nations, by his own policy and power. He knows not that it is God who makes him what he is, and puts the staff into his hand. He had done all this with ease; none moved the wing, or cried as birds do when their nests are rifled. Because he conquered Samaria, he thinks Jerusalem would fall of course. It was lamentable that Jerusalem should have set up graven images, and we cannot wonder that she was excelled in them by the heathen. But is it not equally foolish for Christians to emulate the people of the world in vanities, instead of keeping to things which are their special honour? For a tool to boast, or to strive against him that formed it, would not be more out of the way, than for Sennacherib to vaunt himself against Jehovah. When God brings his people into trouble, it is to bring sin to their remembrance, and humble them, and to awaken them to a sense of their duty; this must be the fruit, even the taking away of sin. When these points are gained by the affliction, it shall be removed in mercy. This attempt upon Zion and Jerusalem should come to nothing. God will be as a fire to consume the workers of iniquity, both soul and body. The desolation should be as when a standard-bearer fainteth, and those who follow are put to confusion. Who is able to stand before this great and holy Lord God?

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 9. - Is not Calno as Carehemish? A further proof of superiority, and ground of confidence, lay in the further fact, that the strongest cities had, one and all, succumbed to the Assyrian arms, and been laid in ruins to punish them for offering resistance. Six such cities are mentioned - Calneh, probably Niffer, in Lower Mesopotamia; Carchemish, on the right bank of the Euphrates in Lat. 36° 30' nearly; Hamath, the "great Hamath" of Amos (Amos 6:2), in Coelesyria on the routes; Arpad, perhaps Tel-Erfad, near Aleppo; Damascus, and Samaria. Calneh was one of the cities of Nimrod (Genesis 10:10), and, according to the LXX., was "the place where the tower was built." It may have been taken by Tiglath-Pileser in one of his expeditious into Babylonia. Amos (Amos 6:2) speaks of it as desolate in his day. Carchemish (Assyrian Gargamis) was a chief city of the Hittites, and has been called "their northern capital." Long confounded by geographers with Circesium at the junction of the Khabour with the Euphrates, it has recently been proved to have occupied a far more northern position, and is now generally identified with the ruins discovered by Mr. George Smith at Jerabis or Jerabhs. It was conquered by Sargon in B.C. 717, when "its people were led captive, and scattered over the Assyrian empire, while Assyrian colonists were brought to people the city in their place; Carchemish being formally annexed to Assyria, and placed under an Assyrian governor" (G. Smith, 'Assyria,' p. 97). Hamath was originally a Canaanite city (Genesis 10:18). By the time of David it had become the scat of an independent monarchy (2 Samuel 8:9, 10), and so continued until its reduction by the Assyrians. We find it leagued with the Hittites, the Syrians of Damascus, and the Israelites against Assyria about B.C. 850 ('Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 2. pp. 361-363). About B.C. 720 it was taken by Sargon, who beheaded its king, and probably reduced it to ruins (ibid., p. 411; comp. Amos 6:2). The name remains in the modern Hamah, where many curious inscriptions have been recently dug up. Arpad was attacked by Tiglath-Pileser in the early part of his reign, and reduced to subjection. It revolted in conjunction with Hamath from Sargon, and was severely punished ('Ancient Monarchies,' l.s.c.). Is not Samaria as Damascus? This mention of Samaria among the subjugated and ruined cities may undoubtedly be prophetic; but the connection with Carchemish, Hamath, and Arpad all of them towns reduced by Sargon within the years B.C. 720-717 - points rather to the verse being historical, and would seem to indicate that the date of the entire prophecy - vers. 5-19 - is subsequent to the capture of the cities, and so not earlier than B.C. 716.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Is not Calno as Carchemish?.... Jarchi's note is,

"as the children of Carchemish are princes and rulers, so are the children of Calno;''

as if this was giving an instance of the grandeur of his subjects; but much better is the Targum,

"as Carchemish is subdued before me, shall not Calno be so?''

as I or my ancestors have conquered the one, it is as easy for me to conquer the other; or as sure as the one is subject to me, so sure shall the other be; for Carchemish was a city belonging to the Assyrians, situated upon the river Euphrates, 2 Chronicles 35:20 called by Ammianus (k) Circusium; the Syriac version calls it Barchemosh; and Calno is the same with Calneh in the land of Shinar, a city built by Nimrod, Genesis 10:10 in the Septuagint version it is called Chalane, and it is added,

"where the tower was built;''

from whence the country, called by Pliny (l) Chalonitis, had its name, the chief city of which was Ctesiphon, thought to be the same with Calneh.

Is not Hamath as Arphad? Hamath and Arphad were both cities conquered by the Assyrians; see 2 Kings 18:34 and are both mentioned along with Damascus, Jeremiah 49:23.

Is not Samaria as Damascus? Damascus was the metropolis of Syria, and was taken by the Assyrians; and Samaria was the metropolis of Ephraim, or the ten tribes; see Isaiah 7:8 and was as easy to be taken as Damascus was. The Targum is,

"as Arphad is delivered into my hands, shall not Hamath be so? As I have done to Damascus, so will I do to Samaria.''

(k) L. 23. c. 5. p. 360. (l) Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 26. and 27.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

9. Is not … as—Was there any one of these cities able to withstand me? Not one. So Rab-shakeh vaunts (Isa 36:19).

Calno—Calneh, built by Nimrod (Ge 10:10), once his capital, on the Tigris.

Carchemish—Circesium, on the Euphrates. Taken afterwards by Necho, king of Egypt; and retaken by Nebuchadnezzar: by the Euphrates (Jer 46:2).

Hamath—in Syria, north of Canaan (Ge 10:18). Taken by Assyria about 753 B.C. From it colonists were planted by Assyria in Samaria.

Arpad—near Hamath.

Samaria—now overthrown.

Damascus—(Isa 17:1, 3).

Isaiah 10:9 Additional Commentaries
Context
Judgment on Assyria
8For it says, "Are not my princes all kings? 9"Is not Calno like Carchemish, Or Hamath like Arpad, Or Samaria like Damascus? 10"As my hand has reached to the kingdoms of the idols, Whose graven images were greater than those of Jerusalem and Samaria,…
Cross References
Genesis 10:10
The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon, Uruk, Akkad and Kalneh, in Shinar.

Numbers 34:8
and from Mount Hor to Lebo Hamath. Then the boundary will go to Zedad,

2 Kings 16:9
The king of Assyria complied by attacking Damascus and capturing it. He deported its inhabitants to Kir and put Rezin to death.

2 Kings 17:6
In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria and deported the Israelites to Assyria. He settled them in Halah, in Gozan on the Habor River and in the towns of the Medes.

2 Kings 18:34
Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena and Ivvah? Have they rescued Samaria from my hand?

2 Chronicles 32:14
Who of all the gods of these nations that my predecessors destroyed has been able to save his people from me? How then can your god deliver you from my hand?

2 Chronicles 35:20
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Necho king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah marched out to meet him in battle.

Isaiah 10:8
Are not my commanders all kings?' he says.

Isaiah 17:1
A prophecy against Damascus: "See, Damascus will no longer be a city but will become a heap of ruins.

Isaiah 36:19
Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? Have they rescued Samaria from my hand?

Isaiah 37:11
Surely you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the countries, destroying them completely. And will you be delivered?

Jeremiah 46:2
Concerning Egypt: This is the message against the army of Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt, which was defeated at Carchemish on the Euphrates River by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah:

Jeremiah 49:23
Concerning Damascus: "Hamath and Arpad are dismayed, for they have heard bad news. They are disheartened, troubled like the restless sea.

Ezekiel 47:16
Berothah and Sibraim (which lies on the border between Damascus and Hamath), as far as Hazer Hattikon, which is on the border of Hauran.

Amos 6:2
Go to Kalneh and look at it; go from there to great Hamath, and then go down to Gath in Philistia. Are they better off than your two kingdoms? Is their land larger than yours?

Habakkuk 1:10
They mock kings and scoff at rulers. They laugh at all fortified cities; by building earthen ramps they capture them.
Treasury of Scripture

Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Calno

Amos 6:1,2 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of …

Calneh. Carchemish

2 Chronicles 35:20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of …

Jeremiah 46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which …

Hamath

Isaiah 36:19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? …

Isaiah 37:13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king …

2 Samuel 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

2 Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, …

Jeremiah 49:23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have …

Samaria

Isaiah 7:8 For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin; …

Isaiah 17:3 The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from …

2 Kings 16:9 And the king of Assyria listened to him: for the king of Assyria …

2 Kings 17:5,6 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went …

2 Kings 18:9,10 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was …

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