Isaiah 10:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath!

New Living Translation
"What sorrow awaits Assyria, the rod of my anger. I use it as a club to express my anger.

English Standard Version
Woe to Assyria, the rod of my anger; the staff in their hands is my fury!

New American Standard Bible
Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger And the staff in whose hands is My indignation,

King James Bible
O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger-- the staff in their hands is My wrath.

International Standard Version
"How terrible it will be for Assyria, the rod of my anger! The club is in their hands!

NET Bible
Assyria, the club I use to vent my anger, is as good as dead, a cudgel with which I angrily punish.

New Heart English Bible
Alas Assyrian, the rod of my anger, the staff in whose hand is my indignation.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"How horrible it will be for Assyria! It is the rod of my anger. My fury is the staff in the Assyrians' hands.

JPS Tanakh 1917
O Asshur, the rod of Mine anger, In whose hand as a staff is Mine indignation!

New American Standard 1977
Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger
            And the staff in whose hands is My indignation,

Jubilee Bible 2000
O Assyrian, rod and staff of my anger, in thy hand have I placed my indignation.

King James 2000 Bible
O Assyria, the rod of my anger, the staff in their hand is my indignation.

American King James Version
O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation.

American Standard Version
Ho Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, the staff in whose hand is mine indignation!

Douay-Rheims Bible
Woe to the Assyrian, he is the rod and the staff of my anger, and my indignation is in their hands.

Darby Bible Translation
Ah! the Assyrian! the rod of mine anger! and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.

English Revised Version
Ho Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, the staff in whose hand is mine indignation!

Webster's Bible Translation
O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation.

World English Bible
Alas Assyrian, the rod of my anger, the staff in whose hand is my indignation!

Young's Literal Translation
Woe to Asshur, a rod of Mine anger, And a staff in their hand is Mine indignation.
Study Bible
Judgment on Assyria
4Nothing remains but to crouch among the captives Or fall among the slain. In spite of all this, His anger does not turn away And His hand is still stretched out. 5Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger And the staff in whose hands is My indignation, 6I send it against a godless nation And commission it against the people of My fury To capture booty and to seize plunder, And to trample them down like mud in the streets.…
Cross References
2 Kings 19:25
'Have you not heard? Long ago I did it; From ancient times I planned it. Now I have brought it to pass, That you should turn fortified cities into ruinous heaps.

Isaiah 7:17
"The LORD will bring on you, on your people, and on your father's house such days as have never come since the day that Ephraim separated from Judah, the king of Assyria."

Isaiah 7:20
In that day the Lord will shave with a razor, hired from regions beyond the Euphrates (that is, with the king of Assyria), the head and the hair of the legs; and it will also remove the beard.

Isaiah 8:7
"Now therefore, behold, the Lord is about to bring on them the strong and abundant waters of the Euphrates, Even the king of Assyria and all his glory; And it will rise up over all its channels and go over all its banks.

Isaiah 10:15
Is the axe to boast itself over the one who chops with it? Is the saw to exalt itself over the one who wields it? That would be like a club wielding those who lift it, Or like a rod lifting him who is not wood.

Isaiah 10:25
"For in a very little while My indignation against you will be spent and My anger will be directed to their destruction."

Isaiah 13:5
They are coming from a far country, From the farthest horizons, The LORD and His instruments of indignation, To destroy the whole land.

Isaiah 14:24
The LORD of hosts has sworn saying, "Surely, just as I have intended so it has happened, and just as I have planned so it will stand,

Isaiah 23:13
Behold, the land of the Chaldeans-- this is the people which was not; Assyria appointed it for desert creatures-- they erected their siege towers, they stripped its palaces, they made it a ruin.

Isaiah 26:20
Come, my people, enter into your rooms And close your doors behind you; Hide for a little while Until indignation runs its course.
Treasury of Scripture

O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation.

O Assyrian. or, woe to the Assyrian. Heb. O Asshur

Genesis 10:11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and built Nineveh, and the city …

the rod

Isaiah 10:15 Shall the ax boast itself against him that hews therewith? or shall …

Isaiah 8:4 For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother…

Isaiah 14:5,6 The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked, and the scepter of the rulers…

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which …

Psalm 125:3 For the rod of the wicked shall not rest on the lot of the righteous; …

Jeremiah 51:20-24 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break …

and. or, though

(5) O Assyrian.--The words open, as has been said above, a perfectly distinct section. Assyria had been named in connection with the Syro-Ephraim alliance against Judah (Isaiah 7:17-20; Isaiah 8:7-8); but this is the first prophetic utterance of which it is the direct subject. Anticipating the phraseology of Isaiah 13:1, we might call it the "burden of Assyria." In the judgment of the best Assyrian scholars, some years had passed since the date of the alliance and invasion. Tiglath pileser had taken Damascus and reduced Samaria to submission. Pekah and Ahaz had met at Damascus to do homage to their common suzerain. In B.C. 727 Salmaneser succeeded to the throne of Assyria, and began the conquest of Samaria and the deportation of the Ten Tribes in B.C. 722 (2Kings 17:3-6). On his death, in B.C. 721, the throne was seized by Sargon, who had been his Tartan, or commander-in-chief (Isaiah 20:1). The achievements of this king are recorded at length in an inscription discovered by M. Botta at Khorsabad (Records of the Past, vii. 28. Lenormant's Manual, 1 p. 392). In it he says:--"I besieged, took, and occupied the city of Samaria, and carried into captivity 27,280 of its inhabitants. I changed the form of government of the country, and placed over it lieutenants of my own." In another inscription discovered at Kouyunyik, but unfortunately incomplete, Sargon speaks of himself as "the conqueror of the far-off land of Judah" (Layard, Inscriptions, 33:8). It was probably to this king, exulting in his triumphs and threatening an attack on Judah, and not (as was commonly thought prior to the discovery of the inscription) to his son Sennacherib, who succeeded him B.C. 704, that the prophet now addressed himself. The first words proclaim that the great king was but an instrument working out the Divine intent, the "rod," and the "staff," the "axe" and the "saw" (Isaiah 10:15). So in Isaiah 7:20, the earlier king of Assyria is as "the razor that is hired." So Nebuchadnezzar in Jeremiah 51:20 is the "battle-axe" or "hammer" of Jehovah. (Comp. Isaiah 37:26.)

Verses 5-19. - ASSYRIA, AFTER BEING GOD'S INSTRUMENT TO PUNISH ISRAEL, SHALL HERSELF BE PUNISHED IN HER TURN. The wicked are a sword in the hand of God (Psalm 17:13), wherewith he executes his judgments; but this fact is hid from them, and they imagine that they are successful through their own strength and might. So it was with Assyria (vers. 5-14), which its long career of victory had made proud and arrogant above measure. God now, by the mouth of Isaiah, makes known his intention of bringing down the pride of Assyria, and laying her glory in the dust, by a sudden and great destruction (vers. 15:19), after she has served his purposes. Verse 5. - O Assyrian; literally, Ho! Asshur. "Asshur" is the nation personified, and is here addressed as an individual. The transition from vers. 1-4 is abrupt, and may be taken to indicate an accidental juxtaposition of two entirely distinct prophecies. Or Assyria may be supposed to have been in the prophet's thought, though not in his words, when he spoke of "prisoners" and "slain" in the first clause of ver. 4. The rod of mine anger (comp. Jeremiah 51:20, where it is said of Babylon, "Thou art my battle-axe and weapons of war; for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy the kingdoms"). So Assyria was now the "rod" wherewith God chastised his enemies. The true "staff" in the hand of Assyria, wherewith she smote the peoples, was "God's indignation." O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger,..... Either as calling him to come against the land of Israel to spoil it, so Kimchi; or as grieving that he was obliged to make use of him in such a manner against his people; or as threatening him with ruin. So the Targum, Septuagint, and all the Oriental versions render it, "woe to the Assyrian"; wherefore this, and what follows, serve to comfort the people of God; that though they should be carried captive by the Assyrians, yet they should be utterly destroyed, and a remnant of the Jews should be saved. The Assyrian monarch is called the "rod of God's anger", because he was made use of by him as an instrument to chastise and correct Israel for their sins:

and the staff in their hand is mine indignation; that is, the staff which was in the hand of the king of Assyria, and his army, with which they smote the people of Israel, was no other than the wrath and indignation of God against that people, and the execution of it, which he committed to them as instruments. Kimchi interprets "their hand" of the land of Israel, into which this staff was sent, the Assyrian, to smite and chastise them. The Targum is,

"woe to the Assyrian, the government of my fury; and an angel sent from before me against them for a curse.''

Isa 10:5-34 and Isa 11:12. Destruction of the Assyrians; Coming of Messiah; Hymn of Praise.

Isa 10:9, 11 show that Samaria was destroyed before this prophecy. It was written when Assyria proposed (a design which it soon after tried to carry out under Sennacherib) to destroy Judah and Jerusalem, as it had destroyed Samaria. This is the first part of Isaiah's prophecies under Hezekiah. Probably between 722 and 715 B.C. (see Isa 10:27).

5. O Assyrian, etc.—rather, "What, ho (but Maurer, Woe to the) Assyrian! He is the rod and staff of Mine anger (My instrument in punishing, Jer 51:20; Ps 17:13). In their hands is Mine indignation" [Horsley, after Jerome]. I have put into the Assyrians' hands the execution of Mine indignation against My people.10:5-19 See what a change sin made. The king of Assyria, in his pride, thought to act by his own will. The tyrants of the world are tools of Providence. God designs to correct his people for their hypocrisy, and bring them nearer to him; but is that Sennacherib's design? No; he designs to gratify his own covetousness and ambition. The Assyrian boasts what great things he has done to other nations, by his own policy and power. He knows not that it is God who makes him what he is, and puts the staff into his hand. He had done all this with ease; none moved the wing, or cried as birds do when their nests are rifled. Because he conquered Samaria, he thinks Jerusalem would fall of course. It was lamentable that Jerusalem should have set up graven images, and we cannot wonder that she was excelled in them by the heathen. But is it not equally foolish for Christians to emulate the people of the world in vanities, instead of keeping to things which are their special honour? For a tool to boast, or to strive against him that formed it, would not be more out of the way, than for Sennacherib to vaunt himself against Jehovah. When God brings his people into trouble, it is to bring sin to their remembrance, and humble them, and to awaken them to a sense of their duty; this must be the fruit, even the taking away of sin. When these points are gained by the affliction, it shall be removed in mercy. This attempt upon Zion and Jerusalem should come to nothing. God will be as a fire to consume the workers of iniquity, both soul and body. The desolation should be as when a standard-bearer fainteth, and those who follow are put to confusion. Who is able to stand before this great and holy Lord God?
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