Isaiah 10:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath!

New Living Translation
"What sorrow awaits Assyria, the rod of my anger. I use it as a club to express my anger.

English Standard Version
Ah, Assyria, the rod of my anger; the staff in their hands is my fury!

New American Standard Bible
Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger And the staff in whose hands is My indignation,

King James Bible
O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger-- the staff in their hands is My wrath.

International Standard Version
"How terrible it will be for Assyria, the rod of my anger! The club is in their hands!

NET Bible
Assyria, the club I use to vent my anger, is as good as dead, a cudgel with which I angrily punish.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"How horrible it will be for Assyria! It is the rod of my anger. My fury is the staff in the Assyrians' hands.

Jubilee Bible 2000
O Assyrian, rod and staff of my anger, in thy hand have I placed my indignation.

King James 2000 Bible
O Assyria, the rod of my anger, the staff in their hand is my indignation.

American King James Version
O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation.

American Standard Version
Ho Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, the staff in whose hand is mine indignation!

Douay-Rheims Bible
Woe to the Assyrian, he is the rod and the staff of my anger, and my indignation is in their hands.

Darby Bible Translation
Ah! the Assyrian! the rod of mine anger! and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.

English Revised Version
Ho Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, the staff in whose hand is mine indignation!

Webster's Bible Translation
O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation.

World English Bible
Alas Assyrian, the rod of my anger, the staff in whose hand is my indignation!

Young's Literal Translation
Woe to Asshur, a rod of Mine anger, And a staff in their hand is Mine indignation.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:5-19 See what a change sin made. The king of Assyria, in his pride, thought to act by his own will. The tyrants of the world are tools of Providence. God designs to correct his people for their hypocrisy, and bring them nearer to him; but is that Sennacherib's design? No; he designs to gratify his own covetousness and ambition. The Assyrian boasts what great things he has done to other nations, by his own policy and power. He knows not that it is God who makes him what he is, and puts the staff into his hand. He had done all this with ease; none moved the wing, or cried as birds do when their nests are rifled. Because he conquered Samaria, he thinks Jerusalem would fall of course. It was lamentable that Jerusalem should have set up graven images, and we cannot wonder that she was excelled in them by the heathen. But is it not equally foolish for Christians to emulate the people of the world in vanities, instead of keeping to things which are their special honour? For a tool to boast, or to strive against him that formed it, would not be more out of the way, than for Sennacherib to vaunt himself against Jehovah. When God brings his people into trouble, it is to bring sin to their remembrance, and humble them, and to awaken them to a sense of their duty; this must be the fruit, even the taking away of sin. When these points are gained by the affliction, it shall be removed in mercy. This attempt upon Zion and Jerusalem should come to nothing. God will be as a fire to consume the workers of iniquity, both soul and body. The desolation should be as when a standard-bearer fainteth, and those who follow are put to confusion. Who is able to stand before this great and holy Lord God?

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 5-19. - ASSYRIA, AFTER BEING GOD'S INSTRUMENT TO PUNISH ISRAEL, SHALL HERSELF BE PUNISHED IN HER TURN. The wicked are a sword in the hand of God (Psalm 17:13), wherewith he executes his judgments; but this fact is hid from them, and they imagine that they are successful through their own strength and might. So it was with Assyria (vers. 5-14), which its long career of victory had made proud and arrogant above measure. God now, by the mouth of Isaiah, makes known his intention of bringing down the pride of Assyria, and laying her glory in the dust, by a sudden and great destruction (vers. 15:19), after she has served his purposes. Verse 5. - O Assyrian; literally, Ho! Asshur. "Asshur" is the nation personified, and is here addressed as an individual. The transition from vers. 1-4 is abrupt, and may be taken to indicate an accidental juxtaposition of two entirely distinct prophecies. Or Assyria may be supposed to have been in the prophet's thought, though not in his words, when he spoke of "prisoners" and "slain" in the first clause of ver. 4. The rod of mine anger (comp. Jeremiah 51:20, where it is said of Babylon, "Thou art my battle-axe and weapons of war; for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy the kingdoms"). So Assyria was now the "rod" wherewith God chastised his enemies. The true "staff" in the hand of Assyria, wherewith she smote the peoples, was "God's indignation."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger,..... Either as calling him to come against the land of Israel to spoil it, so Kimchi; or as grieving that he was obliged to make use of him in such a manner against his people; or as threatening him with ruin. So the Targum, Septuagint, and all the Oriental versions render it, "woe to the Assyrian"; wherefore this, and what follows, serve to comfort the people of God; that though they should be carried captive by the Assyrians, yet they should be utterly destroyed, and a remnant of the Jews should be saved. The Assyrian monarch is called the "rod of God's anger", because he was made use of by him as an instrument to chastise and correct Israel for their sins:

and the staff in their hand is mine indignation; that is, the staff which was in the hand of the king of Assyria, and his army, with which they smote the people of Israel, was no other than the wrath and indignation of God against that people, and the execution of it, which he committed to them as instruments. Kimchi interprets "their hand" of the land of Israel, into which this staff was sent, the Assyrian, to smite and chastise them. The Targum is,

"woe to the Assyrian, the government of my fury; and an angel sent from before me against them for a curse.''

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary



Isa 10:5-34 and Isa 11:12. Destruction of the Assyrians; Coming of Messiah; Hymn of Praise.

Isa 10:9, 11 show that Samaria was destroyed before this prophecy. It was written when Assyria proposed (a design which it soon after tried to carry out under Sennacherib) to destroy Judah and Jerusalem, as it had destroyed Samaria. This is the first part of Isaiah's prophecies under Hezekiah. Probably between 722 and 715 B.C. (see Isa 10:27).

5. O Assyrian, &c.—rather, "What, ho (but Maurer, Woe to the) Assyrian! He is the rod and staff of Mine anger (My instrument in punishing, Jer 51:20; Ps 17:13). In their hands is Mine indignation" [Horsley, after Jerome]. I have put into the Assyrians' hands the execution of Mine indignation against My people.

Isaiah 10:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Judgment on Assyria
5Woe to Assyria, the rod of My anger And the staff in whose hands is My indignation, 6I send it against a godless nation And commission it against the people of My fury To capture booty and to seize plunder, And to trample them down like mud in the streets.…
Cross References
2 Kings 19:25
"'Have you not heard? Long ago I ordained it. In days of old I planned it; now I have brought it to pass, that you have turned fortified cities into piles of stone.

Isaiah 7:17
The LORD will bring on you and on your people and on the house of your father a time unlike any since Ephraim broke away from Judah--he will bring the king of Assyria."

Isaiah 7:20
In that day the Lord will use a razor hired from beyond the Euphrates River--the king of Assyria--to shave your heads and private parts, and to cut off your beards also.

Isaiah 8:7
therefore the Lord is about to bring against them the mighty floodwaters of the Euphrates-- the king of Assyria with all his pomp. It will overflow all its channels, run over all its banks

Isaiah 10:15
Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood!

Isaiah 10:25
Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction."

Isaiah 13:5
They come from faraway lands, from the ends of the heavens-- the LORD and the weapons of his wrath-- to destroy the whole country.

Isaiah 14:24
The LORD Almighty has sworn, "Surely, as I have planned, so it will be, and as I have purposed, so it will happen.

Isaiah 23:13
Look at the land of the Babylonians, this people that is now of no account! The Assyrians have made it a place for desert creatures; they raised up their siege towers, they stripped its fortresses bare and turned it into a ruin.

Isaiah 26:20
Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until his wrath has passed by.

Isaiah 30:27
See, the Name of the LORD comes from afar, with burning anger and dense clouds of smoke; his lips are full of wrath, and his tongue is a consuming fire.

Isaiah 30:30
The LORD will cause people to hear his majestic voice and will make them see his arm coming down with raging anger and consuming fire, with cloudburst, thunderstorm and hail.

Isaiah 34:2
The LORD is angry with all nations; his wrath is on all their armies. He will totally destroy them, he will give them over to slaughter.

Isaiah 66:14
When you see this, your heart will rejoice and you will flourish like grass; the hand of the LORD will be made known to his servants, but his fury will be shown to his foes.

Jeremiah 51:20
"You are my war club, my weapon for battle-- with you I shatter nations, with you I destroy kingdoms,

Ezekiel 7:10
"'See, the day! See, it comes! Doom has burst forth, the rod has budded, arrogance has blossomed!

Ezekiel 22:31
So I will pour out my wrath on them and consume them with my fiery anger, bringing down on their own heads all they have done, declares the Sovereign LORD."

Habakkuk 1:12
LORD, are you not from everlasting? My God, my Holy One, you will never die. You, LORD, have appointed them to execute judgment; you, my Rock, have ordained them to punish.

Zephaniah 2:13
He will stretch out his hand against the north and destroy Assyria, leaving Nineveh utterly desolate and dry as the desert.
Treasury of Scripture

O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation.

O Assyrian. or, woe to the Assyrian. Heb. O Asshur

Genesis 10:11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and built Nineveh, and the city …

the rod

Isaiah 10:15 Shall the ax boast itself against him that hews therewith? or shall …

Isaiah 8:4 For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother…

Isaiah 14:5,6 The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked, and the scepter of the rulers…

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which …

Psalm 125:3 For the rod of the wicked shall not rest on the lot of the righteous; …

Jeremiah 51:20-24 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break …

and. or, though

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