Ezekiel 27:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"'Harran, Kanneh and Eden and merchants of Sheba, Ashur and Kilmad traded with you.

New Living Translation
"Haran, Canneh, Eden, Sheba, Asshur, and Kilmad came with their merchandise, too.

English Standard Version
Haran, Canneh, Eden, traders of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

Berean Study Bible
Haran, Canneh, and Eden, and the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

New American Standard Bible
"Haran, Canneh, Eden, the traders of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad traded with you.

King James Bible
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were thy merchants.

Christian Standard Bible
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

Contemporary English Version
You also did business with merchants from the cities of Haran, Canneh, Eden, Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad,

Good News Translation
The cities of Haran, Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, the cities of Asshur and Chilmad--they all traded with you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

International Standard Version
Haran, Canneh, Eden, merchants from Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad did business with you,

NET Bible
Haran, Kanneh, Eden, merchants from Sheba, Asshur, and Kilmad were your clients.

New Heart English Bible
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad, were your traffickers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants from Sheba, Assyria, and Kilmad traded with you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur was as thine apprentice in traffic.

New American Standard 1977
“Haran, Canneh, Eden, the traders of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad were in thy market.

King James 2000 Bible
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were your merchants.

American King James Version
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were your merchants.

American Standard Version
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad, were thy traffickers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Haran, and Chene, and Eden were thy merchants; Saba, Assur, and Chelmad sold to thee.

Darby Bible Translation
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with thee:

English Revised Version
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad were they traffickers.

Webster's Bible Translation
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were thy merchants.

World English Bible
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur [and] Chilmad, were your traffickers.

Young's Literal Translation
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, merchants of Sheba, Asshur -- Chilmad -- are thy merchants,
Study Bible
A Lament for Tyre
22The merchants of Sheba and Raamah traded with you; for your wares they exchanged gold, the finest of all spices, and precious stones. 23Haran, Canneh, and Eden, and the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you. 24In your marketplace they traded with you fine garments of blue and embroidered work, and multicolored rugs, bound and secured with cords.…
Cross References
2 Kings 19:12
Did the gods of the nations whom my fathers have destroyed rescue them—the gods of Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, and the people of Eden who were in Telassar?

Isaiah 37:12
Did the gods of the nations my fathers destroyed rescue them—the nations of Gozan, Haran, and Rezeph, as well as the sons of Eden in Telassar?

Ezekiel 27:24
In your marketplace they traded with you fine garments of blue and embroidered work, and multicolored rugs, bound and secured with cords.

Ezekiel 32:22
Assyria is there with her whole company; her graves are all around her. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword.

Ezekiel 38:13
Sheba and Dedan and the merchants of Tarshish with all its villages will ask you, “Have you come to capture spoil? Have you assembled your hordes to carry off plunder, to make off with silver and gold, to take cattle and goods, to seize great spoil?”’

Amos 1:5
I will break down the gates of Damascus and cut off the ruler of the Valley of Aven and him who wields the scepter from Beth-eden. The people of Aram will be exiled to Kir,” says the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were your merchants.

Haran

Genesis 11:31,32 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's …

Genesis 12:4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken to him; and Lot went with him…

2 Kings 19:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have …

Isaiah 37:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have …

Acts 7:4 Then came he out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and dwelled in Charran: …

Charran. Canneh.

Genesis 10:10,22 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, …

Calneh

Isaiah 10:9 Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Calno

Amos 6:2 Pass you to Calneh, and see; and from there go you to Hamath the …

Eden

Genesis 2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he …

Amos 1:5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant …

Sheba

Genesis 25:3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, …

Job 1:15 And the Sabeans fell on them, and took them away; yes, they have …

Asshur

Genesis 32:22 And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, …

Numbers 24:22 Nevertheless the Kenite shall be wasted, until Asshur shall carry …

Psalm 83:8 Assur also is joined with them: they have helped the children of Lot. Selah.

Isaiah 7:18,20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for …







(23) Haran, and Canneh, and Eden.--The description now turns from Arabia to the Tyrian trade with Mesopotamia. Haran, important in the story of Abraham (Genesis 11:31-32; Genesis 12:4), the Charrae of the Romans, was in north-western Mesopotamia, at the junction of two great caravan routes, the one along the Tigris, the other along the Euphrates. Canneh, a contraction for the Calneh of Genesis 10:10, was the most important commercial city on the former, and was later known as Ctesiphon. Eden was an unknown town on the Euphrates (2Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12), and is to be distinguished from the Syrian Eden.

Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad.--Sheba is still the same Sheba before mentioned; for Pliny (Hist. Nat., xii. 40) says that the Sab?ans brought their goods from the spice country to Carrhae, where they held markets, and went thence to Syria and Ph?nicia. They were, therefore, traders between Mesopotamia and Ph?nicia. Asshur is here not the country of Assyria, but the commercial city Sura (modern Essurieh), on the banks of the Euphrates, above Thapsacus. Chilmad is supposed to be the Charmande of Xenophon (Anab., i. 5, 10), "a great city beyond the Euphrates, in the neighbourhood of the desert." Others identify it with Kalwada, near Bagdad. It is mentioned only here.

Verse 23. - Haran and Canaeh, etc. From Arabia we pass to Mesopotamia. Haran (Genesis 11:31) stands for the Carrhae of the Romans, situated at the point where the old military and commercial roads bifurcated Cowards Babylon and the Delta of the Persian Gulf in the one direction, and Canaan in the other. It appears in Genesis 24:10 and Genesis 29:4 as the city of Nahor, in Mesopotamia (Aram-Naharaim, equivalent to "Syria of the two rivers"), or, more definitely, in Parian-Atom, which lies below Mount Masius, between the Khabour and the Euphrates. It is famous in Roman history for the defeat of Crassus by the Parthians. Caaneh. The eastern of the two roads just mentioned ran on to Calneh (of which Cauneh is a variant), named in Genesis 10:10 as one of the cities built by Nimrod. It is probably represented by the modern Niffer, about sixty miles southeast of Babylon. It is named in Isaiah 10:9 in connection with Carehemish, in Amos 6:2 with Hamath the great, as conquered by the Assyrians. It has been conjecturally identified by the Targum and other ancient writers with Ctesiphon, but (?). Eden; spelt differently in the Hebrew from the Eden of Genesis 2:8. It is probably identical with the Eden near Thelassar (Td. Assar) of Isaiah 37:12 and 2 Kings 19:12, where, as here, it is connected with Haran as among the Assyrian conquests. Its site has not been determined, and it has been placed by some geographers in the hill-country above the Upper Mesopetamian plains; by others near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates. The position of the Eden of Amos 1:5, near Damascus, points to a Syrian town of the same name. The merchants of Sheba. The recurrence of the name after the full mention of the people in Ver. 22 arises probably from the fact that they were the carriers in the commerce between the Mesopotamian cities just named and Tyre. Asshur. The name may stand (Smend), as it commonly does, for Assyria as a country; but its juxtaposition with the names of cities has led some geographers (Movers, p. 252, in Keil) to identify with a city Sum (Essurieh) on the west bank of the Euphrates, above Thapsacus (the Tiphsah of 1 Kings 4:24), and on the caravan-route which runs from Palmyra (the Tadmor of 2 Chronicles 8:4) to Haran. Chilmad. The name is not found elsewhere. The LXX. gives Charman, a town near the Euphrates, mentioned in Xenophon, 'Anab.,' 1:5. 10, as Charmaude. It can scarcely have been a place of much general note, but may have had some special reputation which made it prominent in Tyrian commerce. Haran, and Canneh, and Eden,.... Haran was a city of Mesopotamia, the same with Haran, where Abraham dwelt awhile, Acts 7:2, the Charrae of the Parthians, famous for the defeat of Crassus. Canneh is thought to be the same with Calneh, Genesis 10:10, afterwards called Ctesiphon; and here, by the Targum, Netzibin, a place not far from Tigris; and Eden also was between Tigris and Euphrates. All three places seem to be in Mesopotamia, and not far from each other; the latter is thought by some to be the place where the garden of Eden was.

The merchants of Sheba; this was another Sheba, distinct from that in Ezekiel 27:22, this Sheba was the son of Jokshan, a son of Abraham by Keturah, Genesis 25:3, these were the Sabaeans, who were not far from the former, and dwelt near the Persian sea.

Ashur and Chilmad were thy merchants; or dealt in "thy merchandise"; took goods of them. Ashur designs the Assyrians, who had their name from Ashur, the builder of Nineveh, Genesis 10:11 and Chilmad is by the Targum rendered Media; and by Grotius thought to be the Gaala of Media in Ptolemy (b); and so Hillerus (c) takes it to be a city of Media.

(b) Geograph. l. 6. c. 2.((c) Onomastic. Sacr. p. 108. 23. Haran—the dwelling-place of Abraham in Mesopotamia, after he moved from Ur (Ge 11:31).

Canneh—Calneh, an Assyrian city on the Tigris; the Ctesiphon of the Greeks (Ge 10:10).

Eden—probably a region in Babylonia (see Ge 2:8).

Chilmad—a compound; the place designated by Ptolemy "Gaala of Media." The Chaldee version interprets it of Media. Henderson refers it to Carmanda, which Xenophon describes as a large city beyond the Euphrates.27:1-25 Those who live at ease are to be lamented, if they are not prepared for trouble. Let none reckon themselves beautified, any further than they are sanctified. The account of the trade of Tyre intimates, that God's eye is upon men when employed in worldly business. Not only when at church, praying and hearing, but when in markets and fairs, buying and selling. In all our dealings we should keep a conscience void of offence. God, as the common Father of mankind, makes one country abound in one commodity, and another in another, serviceable to the necessity or to the comfort and ornament of human life. See what a blessing trade and merchandise are to mankind, when followed in the fear of God. Besides necessaries, an abundance of things are made valuable only by custom; yet God allows us to use them. But when riches increase, men are apt to set their hearts upon them, and forget the Lord, who gives power to get wealth.



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