Acts 20:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I have declared to both Jews and Greeks that they must turn to God in repentance and have faith in our Lord Jesus.

New Living Translation
I have had one message for Jews and Greeks alike--the necessity of repenting from sin and turning to God, and of having faith in our Lord Jesus.

English Standard Version
testifying both to Jews and to Greeks of repentance toward God and of faith in our Lord Jesus Christ.

New American Standard Bible
solemnly testifying to both Jews and Greeks of repentance toward God and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ.

King James Bible
Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I testified to both Jews and Greeks about repentance toward God and faith in our Lord Jesus."

International Standard Version
I testified to both Jews and Greeks about repentance to God and faith in our Lord Jesus.

NET Bible
testifying to both Jews and Greeks about repentance toward God and faith in our Lord Jesus.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“While I was testifying to the Jews and to the Aramaeans about returning home to the Presence of God and the faith in our Lord Yeshua The Messiah.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I warned Jews and Greeks to change the way they think and act and to believe in our Lord Jesus.

Jubilee Bible 2000
testifying both to the Jews and also to the Gentiles, repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

King James 2000 Bible
Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

American King James Version
Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

American Standard Version
testifying both to Jews and to Greeks repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Testifying both to Jews and Gentiles penance towards God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ.

Darby Bible Translation
testifying to both Jews and Greeks repentance towards God, and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ.

English Revised Version
testifying both to Jews and to Greeks repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance towards God, and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ.

Weymouth New Testament
and urging upon both Jews and Greeks the necessity of turning to God and of believing in Jesus our Lord.

World English Bible
testifying both to Jews and to Greeks repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus.

Young's Literal Translation
testifying fully both to Jews and Greeks, toward God reformation, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

20:17-27 The elders knew that Paul was no designing, self-seeking man. Those who would in any office serve the Lord acceptably, and profitably to others, must do it with humility. He was a plain preacher, one that spoke his message so as to be understood. He was a powerful preacher; he preached the gospel as a testimony to them if they received it; but as a testimony against them if they rejected it. He was a profitable preacher; one that aimed to inform their judgments, and reform their hearts and lives. He was a painful preacher, very industrious in his work. He was a faithful preacher; he did not keep back reproofs when necessary, nor keep back the preaching of the cross. He was a truly Christian, evangelical preacher; he did not preach notions or doubtful matters; nor affairs of state or the civil government; but he preached faith and repentance. A better summary of these things, without which there is no salvation, cannot be given: even repentance towards God, and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ, with their fruits and effects. Without these no sinner can escape, and with these none will come short of eternal life. Let them not think that Paul left Asia for fear of persecution; he was in full expectation of trouble, yet resolved to go on, well assured that it was by Divine direction. Thanks be to God that we know not the things which shall befall us during the year, the week, the day which has begun. It is enough for the child of God to know that his strength shall be equal to his day. He knows not, he would not know, what the day before him shall bring forth. The powerful influences of the Holy Spirit bind the true Christian to his duty. Even when he expects persecution and affliction, the love of Christ constrains him to proceed. None of these things moved Paul from his work; they did not deprive him of his comfort. It is the business of our life to provide for a joyful death. Believing that this was the last time they should see him, he appeals concerning his integrity. He had preached to them the whole counsel of God. As he had preached to them the gospel purely, so he had preached it to them entire; he faithfully did his work, whether men would bear or forbear.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 21. - To Jews and to Greeks for both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, A.V. (see Acts 19:10, 17). Repentance, etc. The two cardinal points of gospel teaching, as they are the two necessary qualities for every Christian man. "Repentance whereby we forsake sin, and faith whereby we steadfastly believe the promises of God." There is no ground for the remarks of Kuinoel and others, that repentance is to be referred chiefly to the Gentiles, and faith to the Jews (see Acts 2:38; Acts 3:19; Acts 5:31, etc.; Mark 1:15, etc.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks,.... To the Jews first in their synagogue, and then to both Jews and Greeks, or Gentiles, in the school of Tyrannus; opening and explaining to both the nature and use, urging and insisting upon, and proving by undeniable testimonies the necessity,

of repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ: the former of these is not a legal repentance, but an evangelical one; which flows from a sense of the love of God, and an application of pardoning grace and mercy, and is always attended with hope, at least of interest in it, and as here with faith in Christ Jesus: it lies in a true sight and sense of sin, as exceeding sinful, being contrary to the nature and law of God, and a deformation of the image of God in man, as well as followed with dreadful and pernicious consequences; and in a godly sorrow for it, as it is committed against a God of infinite purity and holiness, and of love, grace, and mercy; and it shows itself in shame for sin, and blushing at it, and in an ingenious confession of it, and forsaking it: and the latter of these is not an historical faith, or an assent of the mind to whatsoever is true concerning the person, office, and grace of Christ; but is a spiritual act of the soul upon him; it is a looking and going out to him, a laying hold and leaning on him, and trusting in him, for grace, righteousness, peace, pardon, life, and salvation. Now these two were the sum of the apostle's ministry; this is a breviary or compendium of it; a form of sound words held fast and published by him: and as these two go together as doctrines in the ministry of the word, they go together as graces in the experience of the saints; where the one is, there the other is; they are wrought in the soul at one and the same time, by one and the same hand; the one is not before the other in order of time, however it may be in order of working, or as to visible observation; repentance is mentioned before faith, not that it precedes it, though it may be discerned in its outward acts before it; yet faith as to its inward exercise on Christ is full as early, if not earlier; souls first look to Christ by faith, and then they mourn in tears of evangelical repentance, Zechariah 12:10 though the order of the Gospel ministry is very fitly here expressed, which is first to lay before sinners the evil of sin, and their danger by it, in order to convince of it, and bring to repentance for it; and then to direct and encourage them to faith in Christ Jesus, as in the case of the jailer, Acts 16:29 and this is, generally speaking, the order and method in which the Holy Spirit proceeds; he is first a spirit of conviction and illumination, he shows to souls the exceeding sinfulness of sin, causes them to loath it and themselves for it, and humbles them under a sense of it; and then he is a spirit of faith, he reveals Christ unto them as God's way or salvation, and works faith in them to believe in him. Moreover, these two, repentance and faith, were the two parts of Christ's ministry, Mark 1:15 and are what, he would have published and insisted on, in the preaching of the word, Luke 24:47 so that the ministry of the apostle was very conformable to the mind and will of Christ.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

21. Testifying both to Jews and … Greeks—laboring under a common malady, and recoverable only by a common treatment.

repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ—(See on [2077]Ac 5:31). Repentance, as distinguished from faith, is that state of the "honest and good heart" which arises from a discovery of one's contrariety to the righteous demands of the divine law. This is said to be "toward God," because seeing Him to be the party dishonored by sin, it feels all its acknowledgments and compunctions to be properly due to Him, as the great Lawgiver, and directs them to Him accordingly; condemning, humbling itself, and grieving before Him, looking also to Him as its only Hope of deliverance. Faith is said to be "toward our Lord Jesus Christ," because in that frame of mind just described it eagerly credits the testimony of relief divinely provided in Christ, gladly embraces the overtures of reconciliation in Him, and directs all its expectations of salvation, from its first stage to its last, to Him as the one appointed Medium of all grace from God to a sinful world. Thus we have here a brief summary of all Gospel preaching. And it is easy to see why repentance is here put before faith; for the former must of necessity precede the latter. There is a repentance subsequent to faith, the fruit of felt pardon and restoration. It was this which drew the tears with which the Saviour's feet were once so copiously moistened. (Lu 7:37, 38, 47; and compare Eze 16:63). But that is not the light in which it is here presented.

Acts 20:21 Additional Commentaries
Context
Paul's Farewell to the Ephesian Elders
20how I did not shrink from declaring to you anything that was profitable, and teaching you publicly and from house to house, 21solemnly testifying to both Jews and Greeks of repentance toward God and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. 22"And now, behold, bound in spirit, I am on my way to Jerusalem, not knowing what will happen to me there,…
Cross References
Mark 1:15
"The time has come," he said. "The kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the good news!"

Luke 16:28
for I have five brothers. Let him warn them, so that they will not also come to this place of torment.'

Acts 2:38
Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

Acts 11:18
When they heard this, they had no further objections and praised God, saying, "So then, even to Gentiles God has granted repentance that leads to life."

Acts 18:5
When Silas and Timothy came from Macedonia, Paul devoted himself exclusively to preaching, testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Messiah.

Acts 20:23
I only know that in every city the Holy Spirit warns me that prison and hardships are facing me.

Acts 20:24
However, I consider my life worth nothing to me; my only aim is to finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me--the task of testifying to the good news of God's grace.

Acts 24:24
Several days later Felix came with his wife Drusilla, who was Jewish. He sent for Paul and listened to him as he spoke about faith in Christ Jesus.

Acts 26:18
to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.'

Acts 26:20
First to those in Damascus, then to those in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and then to the Gentiles, I preached that they should repent and turn to God and demonstrate their repentance by their deeds.

Ephesians 1:15
For this reason, ever since I heard about your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love for all God's people,

Colossians 2:5
For though I am absent from you in body, I am present with you in spirit and delight to see how disciplined you are and how firm your faith in Christ is.

Philemon 1:5
because I hear about your love for all his holy people and your faith in the Lord Jesus.
Treasury of Scripture

Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Testifying.

Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear to …

Acts 2:40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save …

Acts 8:25 And they, when they had testified and preached the word of the Lord, …

Acts 18:5 And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed …

Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into …

1 John 5:11-13 And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and …

to the Jews.

Acts 18:4 And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the …

Acts 19:17 And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; …

Romans 1:14 I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the …

1 Corinthians 1:22 For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom:

repentance.

Acts 2:38 Then Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you …

Acts 3:19 Repent you therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out…

Acts 11:18 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified …

Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commands all …

Acts 26:20 But showed first to them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout …

Ezekiel 18:30-32 Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according …

Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent you: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

Matthew 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the …

Matthew 21:31,32 Whether of them two did the will of his father? They say to him, …

Mark 1:15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: …

Mark 6:12 And they went out, and preached that men should repent.

Luke 13:3,5 I tell you, No: but, except you repent, you shall all likewise perish…

Luke 15:7,10 I say to you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner …

Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his …

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering…

2 Corinthians 7:10 For godly sorrow works repentance to salvation not to be repented …

2 Timothy 2:25,26 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure …

faith.

Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever …

Acts 13:38,39 Be it known to you therefore, men and brothers, that through this …

Acts 16:31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you shall be …

John 3:15-18,36 That whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life…

John 20:31 But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, …

Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power …

Romans 3:22-26 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ to …

Romans 4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him …

Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through …

Romans 10:9 That if you shall confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall …

Galatians 2:16,20 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but …

Galatians 3:22 But the scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by …

1 John 5:1,5,11-13 Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: and every …

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