1 Kings 2:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then King Solomon swore by the LORD: "May God deal with me, be it ever so severely, if Adonijah does not pay with his life for this request!

New Living Translation
Then King Solomon made a vow before the LORD: "May God strike me and even kill me if Adonijah has not sealed his fate with this request.

English Standard Version
Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, “God do so to me and more also if this word does not cost Adonijah his life!

New American Standard Bible
Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, "May God do so to me and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.

King James Bible
Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Solomon took an oath by the LORD: "May God punish me and do so severely if Adonijah has not made this request at the cost of his life.

International Standard Version
Then King Solomon took this oath in the name of the LORD: "May God do so to me, and more besides, if Adonijah hasn't endangered his life by bringing up this subject.

NET Bible
King Solomon then swore an oath by the LORD, "May God judge me severely, if Adonijah does not pay for this request with his life!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King Solomon took an oath by the LORD and said, "May God strike me dead if Adonijah doesn't pay with his life for this request!

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, God do so to me and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.

King James 2000 Bible
Then king Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.

American King James Version
Then king Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.

American Standard Version
Then king Solomon sware by Jehovah, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah hath not spoken this word against his own life.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then king Solomon swore by the Lord, saying: So and so may God do to me, and add more, if Adonias hath not spoken this word against his own life.

Darby Bible Translation
And king Solomon swore by Jehovah saying, God do so to me, and more also, -- Adonijah has spoken this word against his own life!

English Revised Version
Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then king Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah hath not spoken this word against his own life.

World English Bible
Then king Solomon swore by Yahweh, saying, "God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.

Young's Literal Translation
And king Solomon sweareth by Jehovah, saying, 'Thus doth God to me, and thus He doth add -- surely against his soul hath Adonijah spoken this word;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:12-25 Solomon received Bathsheba with all the respect that was owing to a mother; but let none be asked for that which they ought not to grant. It ill becomes a good man to prefer a bad request, or to appear in a bad cause. According to eastern customs it was plain that Adonijah sought to be king, by his asking for Abishag as his wife, and Solomon could not be safe while he lived. Ambitious, turbulent spirits commonly prepare death for themselves. Many a head has been lost by catching at a crown.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 23. - Then king Solomon sware by the Lord, saying, God do so to me, and more also [a common form of adjuration (Ruth 1:17; 1 Samuel 14:44; 1 Samuel 20:13; 2 Samuel 3:9; 2 Samuel 19:13, etc.) = Gott soil mich fort und fort strafen. Bahr], if [or "that." כִּי constantly follows formulae of swearing, as in all the passages just cited. Cf. the use of ὅτι in New Testament. The order of the next words in the Hebrew is noticeable] against his life spake Adonijah this word. [בְּנַפְשׁו, "at the peril or cost of his life." Cf. 2 Samuel 23:17; Joshua 23:11.]

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then King Solomon sware by the Lord,.... To prevent his mother pressing him to have her petition granted:

saying, God do so to me, and more also; lay such and such evils upon me, and more than I care to express:

if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life; to his own prejudice, and even to the loss of his life; in which Solomon suggests it would issue, being a fresh overt act of treason; he knew, from what Bathsheba said, that this was his petition, and that he had spoken of this to her, and put her upon making it for him; and who no doubt related to Solomon the whole of the conversation that passed between them, and to which he seems to have some respect in his answer.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23-25. God do so to me, and more also—the common form of introducing a solemn oath.

if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life—Whether there was a treasonable design to conceal under this request or not, the act, according to Eastern notions, was criminal, and of dangerous consequence to the state. There is no ground of censure upon Solomon for cruelty or precipitation in this instance. He had pardoned Adonijah's former conspiracy; but this new attempt was rebellion against the viceroy appointed by the divine King and called for condign punishment. The office of executioner was among the Hebrews, as in other ancient countries of the East, performed unceremoniously and privately—often without any previous warning—by the captain of the guard, or one of his officers (Mt 14:10).

1 Kings 2:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Execution of Adonijah
22King Solomon answered and said to his mother, "And why are you asking Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him also the kingdom-- for he is my older brother-- even for him, for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah!" 23Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, "May God do so to me and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life. 24"Now therefore, as the LORD lives, who has established me and set me on the throne of David my father and who has made me a house as He promised, surely Adonijah shall be put to death today."…
Cross References
Ruth 1:17
Where you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely, if even death separates you and me."

Proverbs 20:2
A king's wrath strikes terror like the roar of a lion; those who anger him forfeit their lives.
Treasury of Scripture

Then king Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.

God

1 Kings 20:10 And Benhadad sent to him, and said, The gods do so to me, and more also…

Ruth 1:17 Where you die, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do …

1 Samuel 14:44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for you shall surely die, Jonathan.

2 Samuel 3:9,35 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the LORD has sworn …

2 Samuel 19:13 And say you to Amasa, Are you not of my bone, and of my flesh? God …

2 Kings 6:31 Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha …

if Adonijah We have already seen, that the whole harem of an eastern monarch was a part of the regal succession (See note on

2 Samuel 16:23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counceled in those days, …

spoken

Psalm 64:8 So they shall make their own tongue to fall on themselves: all that …

Psalm 140:9 As for the head of those that compass me about, let the mischief …

Proverbs 18:6,7 A fool's lips enter into contention, and his mouth calls for strokes…

Ecclesiastes 10:12 The words of a wise man's mouth are gracious; but the lips of a fool …

Luke 19:22 And he said to him, Out of your own mouth will I judge you, you wicked …

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Alphabetical: Adonijah against also and be by deal do does ever for God has his if it King life LORD May me more not own pay request saying severely so Solomon spoken swore the Then this to with word

OT History: 1 Kings 2:23 Then king Solomon swore by Yahweh saying (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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