2 Samuel 11:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

New Living Translation
So the next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and gave it to Uriah to deliver.

English Standard Version
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Berean Study Bible
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

New American Standard Bible
Now in the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Christian Standard Bible
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

Contemporary English Version
Early the next morning, David wrote a letter and told Uriah to deliver it to Joab.

Good News Translation
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by Uriah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

International Standard Version
The next morning, David sent a message to Joab that Uriah took with him in his hand.

NET Bible
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

New Heart English Bible
It happened in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

New American Standard 1977
Now it came about in the morning that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

American King James Version
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the morning was come, David wrote a letter to Joab: and sent it by the hand of Urias,

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by Urijah.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

World English Bible
It happened in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass in the morning, that David writeth a letter unto Joab, and sendeth by the hand of Uriah;
Study Bible
David Arranges Uriah's Death
14The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah. 15In the letter he wrote: “Put Uriah at the front of the fiercest battle; then withdraw from him, so that he may be struck down and die.”…
Cross References
2 Samuel 12:9
Why then have you despised the command of the LORD by doing evil in His sight? You struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword and took his wife as your own, for you have slain him with the sword of the Ammonites.

1 Kings 21:8
Then Jezebel wrote letters in Ahab's name, sealed them with his seal, and sent them to the elders and nobles who lived with Naboth in his city.

Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

wrote a letter It was resolved in David's breast that Uriah must die--that innocent, valiant, and gallant man, who was ready to sacrifice his life for the honour of his prince; and, worse than all, by being himself made the bearer of letters to Joab which prescribed the mode by which he was to be murdered. This was the greatest treachery and villany on the part of David; while Joab appears to enter as fully upon the execution of the murder, being perhaps pleased to have this opportunity of further enthralling his king, and thus increasing his own power.

1 Kings 21:8-10 So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal…

Psalm 19:13 Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not …

Psalm 52:2 The tongue devises mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

Psalm 62:9 Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a …

Jeremiah 9:1-4 Oh that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears…

Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: …

Micah 7:3-5 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, …







(14) Sent it by the hand of Uriah.--The brave soldier is made the bearer of his own death-warrant, and his well-known valour for his king is to be the means of accomplishing his destruction, to relieve that king of the consequences of his crime, which also involved a great wrong to himself. No reason is given to Joab for this order, but as a loyal and somewhat unscrupulous general he obeys without question.

Verse 14. - David wrote a letter. David now uses the knowledge he had acquired in the schools of the prophets for vicious purposes. For it to be a blessing, knowledge must be sanctified to holy use. The letter would conceal from Joab the truth, and only let him know that Uriah, during his visit to Jerusalem, had incurred the king's serious displeasure; and we may be quite sure that Joab would be very indignant when he learned, as he certainly soon would, that David had made him his tool, and caused him to murder one of "the mighties" in order to cover the shame of his adultery. The only fair side of the picture is that it shews the high state of morality among the people. The crimes of kings and great men are usually lightly pardoned, and especially that of adultery. Even in our own and other Christian countries this is the case; but David has to resort to extreme measures rather than face the indignation of his subjects. Unfortunately, the shedding of blood was not looked upon with equal horror. Possibly the leaving it to the relatives to requite it made the suppression of murder the business, not of the state, but of "the avenger of blood." At all events, Joab without much compunction carries out David's orders, caring to know no more than that Uriah was out of favour. And what is more extraordinary, David remains utterly callous for a whole twelvemonth (see 2 Samuel 12:15), and his conscience does not even smite him for the additional meanness of sending the order for Uriah's murder by the hand of the injured man himself. And it came to pass in the morning,.... When David was informed that Uriah did not go to his own house, but slept with his servants, Satan put it into his head and heart to take the following wicked and cruel method:

that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah; to have him cut off by the sword of the enemy. If Uriah suspected David's criminal conversation with his wife, he was so true and trusted a servant to him, that he would not open his letter to Joab, which had he, it would have betrayed the base design. No one that knows the story of Bellerophon can read this without thinking of that, they are so much alike; and indeed that seems to be founded upon this, and taken from it with a little alteration. Bellerophon rejecting the solicitations of Sthenobaea, who was in love with him, she prevailed upon her husband Praetus to send letters by him to Jobates (a name similar to Joab), the general of his army, which contained instructions to take care that he was killed; who sent him upon an expedition for that purpose (m).

(m) Apollodorus de Deorum Orig. l. 2. p. 70. 2Sa 11:14-27. Uriah Slain.

14, 15. David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah … Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle—The various arts and stratagems by which the king tried to cajole Uriah, till at last he resorted to the horrid crime of murder—the cold-blooded cruelty of despatching the letter by the hands of the gallant but much-wronged soldier himself, the enlistment of Joab to be a partaker of his sin, the heartless affectation of mourning, and the indecent haste of his marriage with Bath-sheba—have left an indelible stain upon the character of David, and exhibit a painfully humiliating proof of the awful lengths to which the best of men may go when they forfeit the restraining grace of God. 11:14-27 Adulteries often occasion murders, and one wickedness is sought to be covered by another. The beginnings of sin are much to be dreaded; for who knows where they will end? Can a real believer ever tread this path? Can such a person be indeed a child of God? Though grace be not lost in such an awful case, the assurance and consolation of it must be suspended. All David's life, spirituality, and comfort in religion, we may be sure were lost. No man in such a case can have evidence to be satisfied that he is a believer. The higher a man's confidence is, who has sunk in wickedness, the greater his presumption and hypocrisy. Let not any one who resembles David in nothing but his transgressions, bolster up his confidence with this example. Let him follow David in his humiliation, repentance, and his other eminent graces, before he thinks himself only a backslider, and not a hypocrite. Let no opposer of the truth say, These are the fruits of faith! No; they are the effects of corrupt nature. Let us all watch against the beginnings of self-indulgence, and keep at the utmost distance from all evil. But with the Lord there is mercy and plenteous redemption. He will cast out no humble, penitent believer; nor will he suffer Satan to pluck his sheep out of his hand. Yet the Lord will recover his people, in such a way as will mark his abhorrence of their crimes, to hinder all who regard his word from abusing the encouragements of his mercy.



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OT History: 2 Samuel 11:14 It happened in the morning that David (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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