Revelation 11:2
New International Version
But exclude the outer court; do not measure it, because it has been given to the Gentiles. They will trample on the holy city for 42 months.

New Living Translation
But do not measure the outer courtyard, for it has been turned over to the nations. They will trample the holy city for 42 months.

English Standard Version
but do not measure the court outside the temple; leave that out, for it is given over to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for forty-two months.

Berean Study Bible
But exclude the courtyard outside the temple. Do not measure it, because it has been given over to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for 42 months.

Berean Literal Bible
And leave out the courtyard outside the temple, and do not measure it, because it has been given up to the nations, and they will trample upon the holy city forty and two months.

New American Standard Bible
"Leave out the court which is outside the temple and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.

King James Bible
But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Christian Standard Bible
But exclude the courtyard outside the temple. Don't measure it, because it is given to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for forty-two months.

Contemporary English Version
But don't measure the courtyard outside the temple building. Leave it out. It has been given to those people who don't know God, and they will trample all over the holy city for 42 months.

Good News Translation
But do not measure the outer courts, because they have been given to the heathen, who will trample on the Holy City for forty-two months.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But exclude the courtyard outside the sanctuary. Don't measure it, because it is given to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for 42 months.

International Standard Version
But don't measure the courtyard outside the Temple. Leave that out, because it is given to the nations, and they will trample the Holy City for 42 months.

NET Bible
But do not measure the outer courtyard of the temple; leave it out, because it has been given to the Gentiles, and they will trample on the holy city for forty-two months.

New Heart English Bible
Leave out the court which is outside of the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations. They will tread the holy city under foot for forty-two months.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And the inner court of the Temple leave out and do not measure it, because that is given to the Gentiles, and they will trample The Holy City 42 months.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But do not measure the temple courtyard. Leave that out, because it is given to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for 42 months.

New American Standard 1977
“And leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But leave out the court which is within the temple and measure it not, for it is given unto the Gentiles, and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty-two months.

King James 2000 Bible
But the court which is outside the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

American King James Version
But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given to the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

American Standard Version
And the court which is without the temple leave without, and measure it not; for it hath been given unto the nations: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the court, which is without the temple, cast out, and measure it not: because it is given unto the Gentiles, and the holy city they shall tread under foot two and forty months:

Darby Bible Translation
And the court which [is] without the temple cast out, and measure it not; because it has been given [up] to the nations, and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty-two months.

English Revised Version
And the court which is without the temple leave without, and measure it not; for it hath been given unto the nations: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the court which is without the temple, leave out, and measure it not; for it is given to the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Weymouth New Testament
But as for the court which is outside the sanctuary, pass it over. Do not measure it; for it has been given to the Gentiles, and for forty-two months they will trample the holy city under foot.

World English Bible
Leave out the court which is outside of the temple, and don't measure it, for it has been given to the nations. They will tread the holy city under foot for forty-two months.

Young's Literal Translation
and the court that is without the sanctuary leave out, and thou mayest not measure it, because it was given to the nations, and the holy city they shall tread down forty-two months;
Study Bible GRK ▾ 
The Two Witnesses
1Then I was given a measuring rod like a staff and was told, “Go and measure the temple of God and the altar, and count the number of worshipers there. 2But exclude the courtyard outside the temple. Do not measure it, because it has been given over to the nations, and they will trample the holy city for 42 months. 3And I will empower my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth.”…
Cross References
Isaiah 5:5
Now I will tell you what I am about to do to My vineyard: I will take away its hedge, and it will be consumed; I will tear down its wall, and it will be trampled.

Isaiah 52:1
Awaken, awaken, clothe yourself with strength, O Zion! Put on your garments of splendor, O Jerusalem, Holy City! For the uncircumcised and unclean will not again enter you.

Ezekiel 4:6
When you have completed these days, lie down again, but on your right side, and bear the iniquity of the house of Judah. I have assigned to you 40 days, a day for each year.

Ezekiel 40:17
Then he brought me into the outer court, and there were chambers and a pavement laid out all around the court. Thirty chambers faced the pavement,

Ezekiel 40:20
He also measured the length and width of the gateway of the outer court facing north.

Daniel 7:25
He will speak out against the Most High and oppress the saints of the Most High, intending to change the set times and laws, and the saints will be given into his hand for a time, and times, and half a time.

Daniel 8:13
Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to him, "How long until the fulfillment of the vision of the daily sacrifice, the rebellion that causes desolation, and the surrender of the sanctuary and of the host to be trampled?"

Daniel 8:14
He said to me, "It will take 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be properly restored."

Daniel 12:7
And the man dressed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, raised his right hand and his left hand toward heaven, and I heard him swear by Him who lives forever, saying, "It will be for a time, times, and half a time. When the power of the holy people has been shattered, all these things will be completed."

Daniel 12:12
Blessed is he who waits and reaches the end of the 1,335 days.

Matthew 4:5
Then the devil took Him to the holy city and set Him on the pinnacle of the temple.

Matthew 27:53
After Jesus' resurrection, when they had come out of the tombs, they entered the holy city and appeared to many people.

Luke 21:24
They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive into all the nations. And Jerusalem will be trodden down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

Revelation 12:6
The woman fled into the wilderness, where God had prepared a place for her to be nourished for 1,260 days.

Revelation 13:5
The beast was given a mouth to speak arrogant and blasphemous words, and authority to act for 42 months.

Revelation 21:2
I saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation 21:10
And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the holy city of Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God,

Revelation 22:19
And if anyone takes away from the words of this book of prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.

Treasury of Scripture

But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given to the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

the court.

Ezekiel 40:17-20 Then brought he me into the outward court, and, see, there were chambers, …

Ezekiel 42:20 He measured it by the four sides: it had a wall round about, five …

leave out. Gr. cast out. it is. See

Revelation 13:1-18:24 And I stood on the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of …

Psalm 79:1 O God, the heathen are come into your inheritance; your holy temple …

Lamentations 1:10 The adversary has spread out his hand on all her pleasant things: …

Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away …

2 Thessalonians 2:3-12 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, …

1 Timothy 4:1-3 Now the Spirit speaks expressly, that in the latter times some shall …

2 Timothy 3:1-6 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come…

and the.

Revelation 21:2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God …

Revelation 22:19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this …

Isaiah 48:2 For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves on …

Isaiah 52:1 Awake, awake; put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful …

Matthew 4:5 Then the devil takes him up into the holy city, and sets him on a …

Matthew 27:53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into …

tread.

Daniel 7:19 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse …

Daniel 8:10,24,25 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down …

Matthew 5:13 You are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his flavor, …

Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose you, shall he be thought worthy, …

forty.

Revelation 11:3,11 And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy …

Revelation 12:6 And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared of God…

Revelation 13:5 And there was given to him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; …

Numbers 14:34 After the number of the days in which you searched the land, even …

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear …

Daniel 12:7,11,12 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was on the waters of …







Lexicon
[But]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

exclude
ἔκβαλε (ekbale)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1544: To throw (cast, put) out; I banish; I bring forth, produce. From ek and ballo; to eject.

the
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

courtyard
αὐλὴν (aulēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 833: From the same as aer; a yard; by implication, a mansion.

outside
ἔξωθεν (exōthen)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 1855: (a) from outside, from without, (b) outside, both as adj. and prep; with article: the outside. From exo; external(-ly).

the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

temple.
ναοῦ (naou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3485: A temple, a shrine, that part of the temple where God himself resides. From a primary naio; a fane, shrine, temple.

{Do} not
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

measure
μετρήσῃς (metrēsēs)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3354: To measure (out), estimate. From metron; to measure; by implication, to admeasure.

it,
αὐτὴν (autēn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Feminine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

because
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

it has been given [over]
ἐδόθη (edothē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

to the
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

nations,
ἔθνεσιν (ethnesin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1484: Probably from etho; a race, i.e. A tribe; specially, a foreign one.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

they will trample
πατήσουσιν (patēsousin)
Verb - Future Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 3961: To tread, trample upon. From a derivative probably of paio; to trample.

the
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

holy
ἁγίαν (hagian)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 40: Set apart by (or for) God, holy, sacred. From hagos; sacred.

city
πόλιν (polin)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4172: A city, the inhabitants of a city. Probably from the same as polemos, or perhaps from polus; a town.

for 42
τεσσεράκοντα (tesserakonta)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5062: Forty. The decade of tessares; forty.

months.
μῆνας (mēnas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3376: A (lunar) month. A primary word; a month.
(2) But the court . . .--Translate, And the court which is outside the Temple cast out, and measure not it; because it was given to the nations (Gentiles): and they shall tread down the holy city forty and two months. The outer court--meaning, perhaps, all that lies outside the Temple itself--is to be omitted. A strong word is used; the words "leave out" are far too weak. He is not only not to measure it, but he is, in a sort, to pass it over, as though reckoned profane. The reason of this is that it was given to the Gentiles. Our Lord had said that Jerusalem should be trodden down of the Gentiles (Luke 21:24); the sacred seer catches the thought and the deeper significance. There is a treading down worse than that of the conqueror. It is the treading under of sacred things when the beast-power, or the world-power in men, tramples, like the swine, the pearls of grace under their feet, and turns fiercely upon those who gave them. Such an experience must the Church of Christ undergo. The shrine shall be safe, but the spirit of the nations, though nominally Christian, will be the spirit of Gentilism, worldliness, and even of violence. In the outer court of Church life there will be "the ebbing and flowing mass," who "sit in the way of knowledge," who "stand idle in the market-place," who have no oil in their lamps, and who indirectly pave the way for utter worldliness and practical heathenism. But there is a limit to this desecration: forty and two months it is to last. The same length of time is expressed in different forms throughout the book. Sometimes we have twelve hundred and sixty days, as in Revelation 11:3 and in Revelation 12:6; at another time forty-two months, as here and in Revelation 13:5. A similar period seems to be meant in Revelation 12:14, where a time, times, and half a time is probably a way of expressing three years and a half; all three forms describe periods of the same length--not, of course, necessarily the same period. The idea is taken from Daniel, who uses such and similar expressions (Daniel 7:25; Daniel 12:7; Daniel 12:11). This incorporation of the expressions used by Daniel is one of those hints which remind us that the laws and principles of God's government are the same in all ages: so that the principles which receive illustration in one set of historical events are likely to receive similar illustrations in after times; and that the prophecies of one era may contain seeds of fulfilments which spring to fruit in more than one age. Thus the words of Daniel were not exhausted in the age of Antiochus, nor the visions of the Apocalypse in the overthrow of any one nation or the corruptions of any one Church. So much may this constantly-recurring period of three years and a half, or forty-two months, or twelve hundred and sixty days, teach us. It is not needful, then, to take the period as an exact literal period. It is true that there have been some remarkable historical periods of this length, which various schools of interpreters have pointed out as the fulfilment of these prophecies; but there have been also remarkable blunders on the part of those who, forgetful of Christ's own warning, have tried to predict the year when certain prophecies will receive their accomplishments. It is true, also, that the future may bring us further light, and enable us to understand these descriptions of time better; but for the present, the period of forty and two months, the equivalent of three years and a half (the half of seven, the complete and divine number), is the symbol of a period limited in length, and under the control of Him who holds the seven stars and lives through the ages. It is the pilgrimage period of the Church, the period of the world's power, during which it seems to triumph; but the period of sackcloth (see Revelation 11:3) and of suffering will not last forever.

Verse 2. - But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles; it hath been given (Revised Version). Not merely "leave out," but "cast out." The "court which is without the temple" was entered only by Jews. It seems, therefore, here to signify part of the Church, but that part which is separated from the inner circle of true believers, and given over to the world, which is here symbolized by "the Gentiles." The Gentiles, the nations, throughout the Apocalypse, signifies either

(1) all mankind whatsoever; or

(2) that portion of mankind which is left when the true Church of God is withdrawn, and therefore which embraces the unrighteous part of mankind in contrast to the godly (cf. Revelation 2:26; Revelation 14:8; Revelation 16:19; Revelation 18:23; 22:22). The latter is the signification here. And the holy city shall they tread underfoot. The holy city - Jerusalem - always in the Apocalypse the type of the Church. "They shall tread" need not necessarily refer to "the nations," though the context naturally leads to this signification; but it may be impersonal, amounting to no more than "the holy city shall be trodden underfoot." St. John seems to apply the words of our Lord concerning the literal Jerusalem to the description of the fate in store for the typical Jerusalem (cf. Luke 21:24). "The nations" are the instrument by which the Church is trodden underfoot, and the mention of the Gentiles in connection with the apostate portion of the Church leads to the description of the oppression of the faithful by the world. The seer is bidden to take courage by a contemplation of the numbers of those preserved by God, but is warned, nevertheless, not to expect from that fact immunity for the Church from the persecution of the world. Forty and two months. Καί, "and," is inserted contrary to the common practice when the larger number precedes (so also in John 2:20; John 5:5). This period of three years and a half is certainly symbolical. It is the half of seven years - a perfect number. It therefore denotes a broken, uncertain period; a space of time which is certainly finite, but the end of which is uncertain. This seems to point necessarily to the period of the world's existence during which the Church is to suffer oppression. This period is mentioned

(1) in ver. 3 under the form of twelve hundred and sixty days, where it denotes the same period that is referred to here;

(2) in Revelation 12:6 as twelve hundred and sixty days, and in Revelation 12:14 as "a time, and times, and half a time," in both of which passages the signification is the same as that given above;

(3) in Revelation 13:5 it is called, as here, forty-two months, and describes the same period. The expression is founded on Daniel 7:25 and Daniel 12:7. In the latter place the time signified is certainly the period of the world's existence. We therefore see

(1) that its natural meaning, in connection with the number seven,

(2) its signification in Daniel, and

(3) its apparent use in all passages in the Apocalypse, tend to cause us to interpret the symbol as above. 11:1,2 This prophetical passage about measuring the temple seems to refer to Ezekiel's vision. The design of this measuring seems to be the preservation of the church in times of public danger; or for its trial, or for its reformation. The worshippers must be measured; whether they make God's glory their end, and his word their rule, in all their acts of worship. Those in the outer court, worship in a false manner, or with dissembling hearts, and will be found among his enemies. God will have a temple and an altar in the world, till the end of time. He looks strictly to his temple. The holy city, the visible church, is trodden under foot; is filled with idolaters, infidels, and hypocrites. But the desolations of the church are limited, and she shall be delivered out of all her troubles.
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Alphabetical: 42 because been But city court do exclude foot for forty-two Gentiles given has holy is it Leave measure months nations not on out outer outside temple the They to trample tread under which will

NT Prophecy: Revelation 11:2 Leave out the court which is outside (Rev. Re Apocalypse) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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