Numbers 20:20
New International Version
Again they answered: "You may not pass through." Then Edom came out against them with a large and powerful army.

New Living Translation
But the king of Edom replied, "Stay out! You may not pass through our land." With that he mobilized his army and marched out against them with an imposing force.

English Standard Version
But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against them with a large army and with a strong force.

Berean Study Bible
But Edom insisted, “You may not pass through.” And they came out to confront the Israelites with a large army and a strong hand.

New American Standard Bible
But he said, "You shall not pass through." And Edom came out against him with a heavy force and with a strong hand.

King James Bible
And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

Christian Standard Bible
Yet Edom insisted, "You may not travel through." And they came out to confront them with a large force of heavily-armed people.

Contemporary English Version
But the king insisted, "You can't go through our land!" Then Edom sent out its strongest troops

Good News Translation
The Edomites repeated, "We refuse!" and they marched out with a powerful army to attack the people of Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Yet Edom insisted, "You must not travel through." And they came out to confront them with a large force of heavily-armed people.

International Standard Version
But still he replied, "No. You're not to pass through." Then Edom went out to meet Moses with a vast army and a lot of military might.

NET Bible
But he said, "You may not pass through." Then Edom came out against them with a large and powerful force.

New Heart English Bible
He said, "You shall not pass through." Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But the Edomites said, "You may not pass through." Then they came out and attacked with many well-armed troops.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he said: 'Thou shalt not pass through.' And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

New American Standard 1977
But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against him with a heavy force, and with a strong hand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with many people and with a strong hand.

King James 2000 Bible
And he said, you shall not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

American King James Version
And he said, You shall not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

American Standard Version
And he said, Thou shalt not pass through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he said, Thou shalt not pass through me; and Edom went forth to meet him with a great host, and a mighty hand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he answered: Thou shalt not pass. And immediately he came forth to meet them with an infinite multitude, and a strong hand,

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

English Revised Version
And he said, Thou shalt not pass through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand.

World English Bible
He said, "You shall not pass through." Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand.

Young's Literal Translation
And he saith, 'Thou dost not pass over;' and Edom cometh out to meet him with much people, and with a strong hand;
Study Bible
Edom Refuses Passage
19“We will stay on the main road,” the Israelites replied, “and if we or our herds drink your water, we will pay for it. There will be no problem; only let us pass through on foot.” 20But Edom insisted, “You may not pass through.” And they came out to confront the Israelites with a large army and a strong hand. 21So Edom refused to allow Israel to pass through their territory, and Israel turned away from them.…
Cross References
Judges 11:17
Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, 'Please let us pass through your land,' but the king of Edom would not listen. They also sent messengers to the king of Moab, but he refused. So Israel stayed in Kadesh.

Numbers 20:21
So Edom refused to allow Israel to pass through their territory, and Israel turned away from them.

Treasury of Scripture

And he said, You shall not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

thou shalt

Numbers 20:18
And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.

Genesis 27:41
And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

Genesis 32:6
And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him.

and Edom

Obadiah 1:10-15
For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever…







Lexicon
But Edom
אֱדוֹם֙ (’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 123: The name of a condiment

insisted,
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“You may not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

pass through.”
תַעֲבֹ֑ר (ṯa·‘ă·ḇōr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

And they came out
וַיֵּצֵ֤א (way·yê·ṣê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

to confront [the Israelites]
לִקְרָאת֔וֹ (liq·rā·ṯōw)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7125: Against he come, help, meet, seek, to, in the way

with a large
כָּבֵ֖ד (kā·ḇêḏ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3515: Heavy

army
בְּעַ֥ם (bə·‘am)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

and a strong
חֲזָקָֽה׃ (ḥă·zā·qāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2389: Strong, stout, mighty

hand.
וּבְיָ֥ד (ū·ḇə·yāḏ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand
20:14-21 The nearest way to Canaan from the place where Israel encamped, was through the country of Edom. The ambassadors who were sent returned with a denial. The Edomites feared to receive damage by the Israelites. And had this numerous army been under any other discipline than that of the righteous God himself, there might have been cause for this jealousy. But Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing; and now the hatred revived, when the blessing was about to be inherited. We must not think it strange, if reasonable requests be denied by unreasonable men, and if those whom God favours be affronted by men.
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Alphabetical: a Again against and answered army But came Edom force hand he heavy him large may not out pass powerful said shall strong them Then they through with You

OT Law: Numbers 20:20 He said You shall not pass through (Nu Num.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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