Numbers 21:2
New International Version
Then Israel made this vow to the LORD: "If you will deliver these people into our hands, we will totally destroy their cities."

New Living Translation
Then the people of Israel made this vow to the LORD: “If you will hand these people over to us, we will completely destroy all their towns.”

English Standard Version
And Israel vowed a vow to the LORD and said, “If you will indeed give this people into my hand, then I will devote their cities to destruction.”

Berean Study Bible
So Israel made a vow to the LORD: “If You will deliver this people into our hands, we will devote their cities to destruction.”

King James Bible
And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.

New King James Version
So Israel made a vow to the LORD, and said, “If You will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.”

New American Standard Bible
So Israel made a vow to the LORD and said, “If You will indeed hand over this people to me, then I will utterly destroy their cities.”

NASB 1995
So Israel made a vow to the LORD and said, "If You will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities."

NASB 1977
So Israel made a vow to the LORD, and said, “If Thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.”

Amplified Bible
So Israel made a vow to the LORD, and said, “If You will indeed hand over these people to me, then I will utterly destroy their cities.”

Christian Standard Bible
Then Israel made a vow to the LORD, “If you will hand this people over to us, we will completely destroy their cities.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Israel made a vow to the LORD, "If You will deliver this people into our hands, we will completely destroy their cities."

American Standard Version
And Israel vowed a vow unto Jehovah, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Israel vowed a vow to LORD JEHOVAH and said, “If you will hand over this people into my hands, I shall destroy their towns utterly.”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Israel vowed a vow to the Lord, and said, If thou wilt deliver this people into my power, I will devote it and its cities to thee.

Contemporary English Version
The Israelites prayed, "Our LORD, if you will help us defeat these Canaanites, we will completely destroy their towns and everything in them, to show that they belong to you."

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Israel binding himself by vow to the Lord, said: It thou wilt deliver this people into my hand, I will utterly destroy their cities.

English Revised Version
And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.

Good News Translation
Then the Israelites made a vow to the LORD: "If you will let us conquer these people, we will unconditionally dedicate them and their cities to you and will destroy them."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the Israelites made this vow to the LORD: "If you will hand these people over to us, we'll destroy their cities because you've claimed them."

International Standard Version
Then Israel made this vow in the LORD's presence: "If you give these people into our control, we intend to devote their cities to total destruction."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said: 'If Thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.'

Literal Standard Version
And Israel vows a vow to YHWH and says, “If You certainly give this people into my hand, then I have devoted their cities”;

NET Bible
So Israel made a vow to the LORD and said, "If you will indeed deliver this people into our hand, then we will utterly destroy their cities."

New Heart English Bible
Israel vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, "If you will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities."

World English Bible
Israel vowed a vow to Yahweh, and said, "If you will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities."

Young's Literal Translation
And Israel voweth a vow to Jehovah, and saith, 'If Thou dost certainly give this people into my hand, then I have devoted their cities;'

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Defeat of Arad
1When the Canaanite king of Arad, who lived in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming along the road to Atharim, he attacked Israel and captured some prisoners. 2So Israel made a vow to the LORD: “If You will deliver this people into our hands, we will devote their cities to destruction.” 3And the LORD heard Israel’s plea and delivered up the Canaanites. Israel devoted them and their cities to destruction; so they named the place Hormah.…

Cross References
Genesis 28:20
Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "If God will be with me and watch over me on this journey, and if He will provide me with food to eat and clothes to wear,

Deuteronomy 20:16
However, in the cities of the nations that the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, you must not leave alive anything that breathes.

Judges 11:30
Jephthah made this vow to the LORD: "If indeed You will deliver the Ammonites into my hand,


Treasury of Scripture

And Israel vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, If you will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.

vowed

Genesis 28:20
And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,

Judges 11:30
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands,

1 Samuel 1:11
And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no rasor come upon his head.

I will

Leviticus 27:28,29
Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto the LORD of all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD…

Deuteronomy 13:15
Thou shalt surely smite the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, destroying it utterly, and all that is therein, and the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword.

Joshua 6:17,26
And the city shall be accursed, even it, and all that are therein, to the LORD: only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent…









Verse 2. - And Israel vowed a vow. On these vows, and on things "devoted" or "banned" (חֵרֶם - ἀνάθεμα), see on Leviticus 27:28, and on the moral character of such wholesale slaughters see on chapter 31. If it was right to destroy the Canaanites at all, no fault can be found with the vow; it merely did for that military proceeding what national feeling and discipline does for the far more bloody exigencies of modern warfare, removing it from the sphere of private hatred, revenge, and cupidity, and placing it upon a higher level. The patriot soldier of these days feels himself to be a mere instrument in the hands of the rulers of his people to maintain their rights or avenge their wrongs. The Israelite could not have this feeling, which was foreign to his time and place in history, but he could feel that he was a mere instrument in the hands of God to perform his will upon his enemies. In either case a must important advantage is secured; the soldier does not slay in order to gratify his own hatred, or in order to satisfy his own cupidity. It is quite true that such vows as are here mentioned would certainly in a more advanced stage of civilization be abused to throw a cloak of religion over frightful enormities; but it does not in the least follow that they were not permitted and even encouraged by God in an age to which they were natural, and under circumstances in which they were beneficial.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

made
וַיִּדַּ֨ר (way·yid·dar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5087: To promise

a vow
נֶ֛דֶר (ne·ḏer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5088: A promise, a thing promised

to the LORD:
לַֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

“If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

You will deliver
נָתֹ֨ן (nā·ṯōn)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

this
הַזֶּה֙ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's 2088: This, that

people
הָעָ֤ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

into our hands,
בְּיָדִ֔י (bə·yā·ḏî)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

we will completely destroy
וְהַֽחֲרַמְתִּ֖י (wə·ha·ḥă·ram·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's 2763: To seclude, to devote to religious uses, to be blunt as to the nose

their cities.”
עָרֵיהֶֽם׃ (‘ā·rê·hem)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5892: Excitement


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OT Law: Numbers 21:2 Israel vowed a vow to Yahweh (Nu Num.)
Numbers 21:1
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