Luke 23:17


New American Standard Bible
Now he was obliged to release to them at the feast one prisoner.

King James Bible
(For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For according to the festival he had to release someone to them.

International Standard Version
Now he was obligated to release someone for them at the festival.

New Heart English Bible
(Now he had to release one prisoner to them at the feast.)

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For it was a custom to release them one prisoner at the feast.

New American Standard 1977
[Now he was obliged to release to them at the feast one prisoner.]

Jubilee Bible 2000
(For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)

King James 2000 Bible
(For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)

American King James Version
(For of necessity he must release one to them at the feast.)

American Standard Version
Now he must needs release unto them at the feast one prisoner.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now of necessity he was to release unto them one upon the feast day.

Darby Bible Translation
( Now he was obliged to release one for them at the feast.)

English Revised Version


Webster's Bible Translation
(For of necessity he must release one to them at the feast.)

Weymouth New Testament


World English Bible
Now he had to release one prisoner to them at the feast.

Young's Literal Translation
for it was necessary for him to release to them one at every feast,
Study Bible
The Crowd Chooses Barabbas
Now of necessity he had to release to them one at the feast.
Cross References
Matthew 27:15
Now it was the governor's custom at the feast to release to the crowd a prisoner of their choosing.

Luke 23:16
Therefore I will punish Him and release Him."

Luke 23:18
But they all cried out in unison: "Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!"

Treasury of Scripture

(For of necessity he must release one to them at the feast.)

Matthew 27:15
Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.

Mark 15:6
Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired.

John 18:39
But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?







Lexicon
Now
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A weak adversative particle, generally placed second in its clause; but, on the other hand, and.

of necessity
Ἀνάγκην (Anankēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 318: Necessity, constraint, compulsion; there is need to; force, violence.

he had
εἴχεν (eichen)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess.

to release
ἀπολύειν (apolyein)
Verb - Present Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 630: To release, let go, send away, divorce, to be rid; to depart.

to them
αὐτοῖς (autois)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same.

one
ἕνα (hena)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One.

at
κατὰ (kata)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: Genitive: against, down from, throughout, by; accusative: over against, among, daily, day-by-day, each day, according to, by way of.

[the] feast.
ἑορτὴν (heortēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1859: A festival, feast, periodically recurring.
(17) For of necessity he must release one unto them.--Literally, he had a necessity. The better MSS. are singularly divided as to this verse. Most omit it altogether. One, followed by some of the versions, has it after Luke 23:19. It would seem probable from these facts that the narrative was originally written without it, that it was then felt that the release of Barabbas required an explanation, and that a note was first added in the margin, either by a transcriber or by the writer himself in a duplicate copy, and then found its way into the text. The precise form of the phrase, to "have a necessity," is not found in the other Gospels, but is common to St. Luke (Luke 11:18 and here), and St. Paul (1Corinthians 7:37). It is found also in Hebrews 7:27; Jude Luke 23:3. On the practice thus described, see Note on Matthew 27:15.

Verse 17. - (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.) Probably, however, before the scourging was inflicted, the attempt to liberate Jesus in accordance with a custom belonging to that feast was made by Pilate. We know it failed, and a condemned robber called Barabbas was preferred by the people. The more ancient authorities omit this verse (17). It probably was introduced at an early period into many manuscripts of St. Luke as a marginal. gloss, as an explanatory statement based on the words of Matthew 27:15 or of Mark 15:6. As a Hebrew custom, it is never mentioned save in this place. Such a release was a common incident of a Latin Lectisternium, or feast in honour of the gods. The Greeks had a similar custom at the Thesmophoria. It was probably introduced at Jerusalem by the Roman power. 23:13-25 The fear of man brings many into this snare, that they will do an unjust thing, against their consciences, rather than get into trouble. Pilate declares Jesus innocent, and has a mind to release him; yet, to please the people, he would punish him as an evil-doer. If no fault be found in him, why chastise him? Pilate yielded at length; he had not courage to go against so strong a stream. He delivered Jesus to their will, to be crucified.
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