Judges 3:4
New International Version
They were left to test the Israelites to see whether they would obey the LORD's commands, which he had given their ancestors through Moses.

New Living Translation
These people were left to test the Israelites—to see whether they would obey the commands the LORD had given to their ancestors through Moses.

English Standard Version
They were for the testing of Israel, to know whether Israel would obey the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Berean Study Bible
These nations were left to test the Israelites, to find out whether they would keep the commandments of the LORD, which He had given their fathers through Moses.

King James Bible
And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

New King James Version
And they were left, that He might test Israel by them, to know whether they would obey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

New American Standard Bible
They were left to test Israel by them, to find out if they would obey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers through Moses.

NASB 1995
They were for testing Israel, to find out if they would obey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers through Moses.

NASB 1977
And they were for testing Israel, to find out if they would obey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers through Moses.

Amplified Bible
They were [allowed to remain] for the testing of Israel, to determine whether Israel would listen to and obey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers (ancestors) through Moses.

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD left them to test Israel, to determine if they would keep the LORD’s commands he had given their ancestors through Moses.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD left them to test Israel, to determine if they would keep the LORD's commands He had given their fathers through Moses.

American Standard Version
And they were left , to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of Jehovah, which he commanded their fathers by Moses.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They were to tempt Israel by them to know if they listen to the commandments of LORD JEHOVAH that he had commanded their fathers by the hand of Moshe

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And this was done in order to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would obey the commands of the Lord, which he charged their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Contemporary English Version
Moses had told the Israelites what the LORD had commanded them to do, and now the LORD was using these nations to find out if Israel would obey.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he left them, that he might try Israel by them, whether they would hear the commandments of the Lord, which he had commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses, or not.

English Revised Version
And they were for to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Good News Translation
They were to be a test for Israel, to find out whether or not the Israelites would obey the commands that the LORD had given their ancestors through Moses.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These nations were left to test the Israelites, to find out if they would obey the commands the LORD had given their ancestors through Moses.

International Standard Version
They remained there to test Israel, to reveal if they would obey the commands of the LORD that he issued to their ancestors through Moses.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they were there, to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which He commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Literal Standard Version
and they are to prove Israel by them, to know whether they obey the commands of YHWH that He commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

NET Bible
They were left to test Israel, so the LORD would know if his people would obey the commands he gave their ancestors through Moses.

New Heart English Bible
They were left, to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would listen to the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

World English Bible
They were [left], to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would listen to the commandments of Yahweh, which he commanded their fathers by Moses.

Young's Literal Translation
and they are to prove Israel by them, to know whether they obey the commands of Jehovah that He commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Nations Left to Test Israel
3the five rulers of the Philistines, all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites who lived in the mountains of Lebanon from Mount Baal-hermon to Lebo-hamath. 4These nations were left to test the Israelites, to find out whether they would keep the commandments of the LORD, which He had given their fathers through Moses. 5Thus the Israelites continued to live among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.…

Cross References
Exodus 15:25
And Moses cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a log. And when he cast it into the waters, they were sweetened. There the LORD made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there He tested them,

Deuteronomy 8:2
Remember that these forty years the LORD your God led you all the way in the wilderness, so that He might humble you and test you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep His commandments.


Treasury of Scripture

And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would listen to the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

to prove

Judges 3:1
Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;

Judges 2:22
That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.

Exodus 15:25
And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them,









(4) To prove Israel.--See Judges 2:22.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
[These nations] were [left]
וַֽיִּהְי֕וּ (way·yih·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

to test
לְנַסּ֥וֹת (lə·nas·sō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's 5254: To test, to attempt

the Israelites,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

to find out
לָדַ֗עַת (lā·ḏa·‘aṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 3045: To know

whether they would keep
הֲיִשְׁמְעוּ֙ (hă·yiš·mə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 8085: To hear intelligently

the commandments
מִצְוֺ֣ת (miṣ·wōṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 4687: Commandment

of the LORD,
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

which
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

He had given
צִוָּ֥ה (ṣiw·wāh)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6680: To lay charge (upon), give charge (to), command, order

their fathers
אֲבוֹתָ֖ם (’ă·ḇō·w·ṯām)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 1: Father

through
בְּיַד־ (bə·yaḏ-)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 3027: A hand

Moses.
מֹשֶֽׁה׃ (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver


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OT History: Judges 3:4 They were left to prove Israel (Jd Judg. Jdg)
Judges 3:3
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