John 20:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" (which means "Teacher").

New Living Translation
"Mary!" Jesus said. She turned to him and cried out, "Rabboni!" (which is Hebrew for "Teacher").

English Standard Version
Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to him in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher).

Berean Study Bible
Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to Him in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher).

Berean Literal Bible
Jesus says to her, "Mary." Having turned around, she says to Him in Hebrew, "Rabboni," that is to say, "Teacher."

New American Standard Bible
Jesus said to her, "Mary!" She turned and said to Him in Hebrew, "Rabboni!" (which means, Teacher).

King James Bible
Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.

Christian Standard Bible
Jesus said to her, "Mary." Turning around, she said to him in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" --which means "Teacher."

Contemporary English Version
Then Jesus said to her, "Mary!" She turned and said to him, "Rabboni." The Aramaic word "Rabboni" means "Teacher."

Good News Translation
Jesus said to her, "Mary!" She turned toward him and said in Hebrew, "Rabboni!" (This means "Teacher.")

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jesus said, "Mary." Turning around, she said to Him in Hebrew, "Rabbouni!"--which means "Teacher."

International Standard Version
Jesus told her, "Mary!" She turned around and told him in Hebrew, "Rabbouni!" (which means "Teacher").

NET Bible
Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned and said to him in Aramaic, "Rabboni" (which means Teacher).

New Heart English Bible
Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned and said to him in Hebrew, "Rabboni." which is to say, "Teacher."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Yeshua said to her, “Maryam.” And she turned and said to him in Judean Aramaic, “Rabbuli”, which is to say “Teacher.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus said to her, "Mary!" Mary turned around and said to him in Hebrew, "Rabboni!" (This word means "teacher.")

New American Standard 1977
Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (which means, Teacher).

Jubilee Bible 2000
Jesus said unto her, Mary! Turning herself around, she said unto him, Rabboni, which is to say, Master.

King James 2000 Bible
Jesus said unto her, Mary. She turned, and said unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Teacher.

American King James Version
Jesus said to her, Mary. She turned herself, and said to him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.

American Standard Version
Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turneth herself, and saith unto him in Hebrew, Rabboni; which is to say, Teacher.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jesus saith to her: Mary. She turning, saith to him: Rabboni (which is to say, Master).

Darby Bible Translation
Jesus says to her, Mary. She, turning round, says to him in Hebrew, Rabboni, which means Teacher.

English Revised Version
Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turneth herself, and saith unto him in Hebrew, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.

Webster's Bible Translation
Jesus saith to her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith to him, Rabboni, which is to say, Master.

Weymouth New Testament
"Mary!" said Jesus. She turned to Him. "Rabboni!" she cried in Hebrew: the word means 'Teacher!'

World English Bible
Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned and said to him, "Rabboni!" which is to say, "Teacher!"

Young's Literal Translation
Jesus saith to her, 'Mary!' having turned, she saith to him, 'Rabbouni;' that is to say, 'Teacher.'
Study Bible
Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene
15“Woman, why are you weeping?” Jesus asked. “Whom are you seeking?” Thinking He was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried Him off, tell me where you have put Him, and I will get Him.” 16Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to Him in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher).” 17“Do not cling to Me,” Jesus said, “for I have not yet ascended to the Father. But go and tell My brothers, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, to My God and your God.’”…
Cross References
Matthew 23:7
the greetings in the marketplaces, and the title of 'Rabbi' by which they are addressed.

Matthew 23:8
But you are not to be called 'Rabbi,' for you have one Teacher, and you are all brothers.

Mark 10:51
"What do you want Me to do for you?" Jesus asked. "Rabboni," said the blind man, "I want to see again."

John 5:2
Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool with five covered colonnades, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda.

Treasury of Scripture

Jesus said to her, Mary. She turned herself, and said to him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.


John 10:3 To him the porter opens; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calls …

Genesis 22:1,11 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, …

Exodus 3:4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called to …

Exodus 33:17 And the LORD said to Moses, I will do this thing also that you have …

1 Samuel 3:6,10 And the LORD called yet again, Samuel. And Samuel arose and went …

Isaiah 43:1 But now thus said the LORD that created you, O Jacob, and he that …

Luke 10:41 And Jesus answered and said to her, Martha, Martha, you are careful …

Acts 9:4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, …

Acts 10:3 He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel …


Genesis 45:12 And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, …

Songs 2:8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he comes leaping on the mountains, …

Songs 3:4 It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom …

Songs 5:2 I sleep, but my heart wakes: it is the voice of my beloved that knocks, …

Matthew 14:27 But straightway Jesus spoke to them, saying, Be of good cheer; it …


John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said to him, My LORD and my God.

John 1:38,49 Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them, What …

John 3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said to him, Rabbi, we know …

John 6:25 And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said …

John 11:28 And when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her sister …

John 13:13 You call me Master and Lord: and you say well; for so I am.

Matthew 23:8-10 But be not you called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; …

(16) Jesus saith unto her, Mary.--It is to that devoted love that the first words of the risen Lord are spoken. He who knew her whole past, and knew that her devotion to Him had sprung from the freedom from the thraldom of evil which He had wrought for her, is near to that woman weeping by the grave-side, while Apostles, even the true-hearted Peter and the loving John, have gone to their own homes. The voice of God is always most quickly heard by the hearts that love Him; the presence of God is never so truly felt as in the utter helplessness of human woe.

Saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.--The better reading is, saith unto Him in Hebrew, Rabboni . . .--Comp. Notes on John 19:13, and on Mark 10:51, which is the only other passage in the New Testament where "Rabboni" occurs. She had heard in the well-known voice her own name, and it has brought back to her all the old associations. It is the "Master," or, as the Hebrew word means, "My Master," and she falls at His feet to embrace Him.

Verse 16. - Jesus saith unto her, Mary. The more general expression, "woman" (ver. 15), makes her seem to us the representative of the whole of suffering humanity, weeping over the inability to find any link of fellowship between itself and the invisible God, feeling unconsciously after the Christ and haply not finding him, weeping because hostility had obliterated him or superstition had concealed him, while all the while he is near at hand. But now Jesus stirred the affection of the living, weeping person at his side by uttering her own name in tones that thrilled her to the heart, and created the new sublime conviction that he had risen, as he said. She turned herself, as though the previous glance had been momentary and partial, and now the vision and voice blended, and she knew him. And saith unto him in Hebrew, Rabbouni Ἑβραίστι is here introduced by modern editors, This word only occurs in this Gospel and the Apocalypse), a word (the evangelist adds) which is to say, Master. The Hebrew term - probably preserved in its Galilaean form, רַבּוּנִי, rabbouni, rather than in the ordinary form (see Authorized Version) רַבּרֹנִי, rabboni - if strictly translated, would be "my Teacher," or "my Master," yet the personal pronoun must not be pressed. It doubtless had lost its specialty as we find in many other languages (monsieur, mein herr, "my Lord," are familiar instances). Even if the full force of the pronoun were urged, Mary's faith had not gone beyond the ideal of her devotedly loved Teacher, Friend, Master, and fell far short of the insight which even the incredulous Thomas would soon exhibit, that the Lord had put on Divine glory, and filled all things. She apparently fell in speechless, passionate affection at his feet, as the other women did shortly afterwards (see Matthew 28:9); but with the idea that now the old relations between Teacher and loving disciples would be resumed. She was in no mood answering to the doubtfulness of the disciples who desired proof of his identity, of the fact of his corporeity, before they could understand his claim to be their perpetual Guide, and his promise to be with them "unto the end of the world;" but she thought at once of the old life in Galilee. Her joy knew no bounds, but her conception of the reality of that which was revealed to her was most imperfect. It was the realization of love rather than the perception of intellect. She rushed hastily to a very limited conclusion; and she suffered an obvious correction, if not repulse, which has been interpreted in many ways. Jesus saith unto her, Mary,.... He might alter the tone of his voice, and speak unto her as he used to do, calling her by her name in his usual manner: so Christ has personal knowledge of all his people, and can call them by name; he knows them, and makes himself known to them, before they can know him; and though he may absent himself from them for a while, yet not always:

she turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni, which is to say, Master; it seems, as if she had dropped her conversation with the supposed gardener at once, and scarce waited for an answer from him, but turns herself to the angels again, if she could hear any tidings from them; acting like a person in the utmost distress, hurry and confusion; looking this way and that way, to this or the other person: and now upon Christ's speaking to her, in this plain, familiar manner, she turns herself again; when fully knowing him, she addresses him with the greatest faith and affection, reverence and humility; calling him her Lord and master, and throws herself at his feet: thus when Christ is pleased to manifest himself to his people, there goes a power along with his word, making himself known; and a word from Christ, attended with divine power, will give a soul a turn to him from the most excellent creatures, even angels; and when Christ is known, he will be acknowledged with all love, humility, and obedience. The word Rabboni, is of the Chaldee and Syriac form, and signifies "my Lord, or master"; and is commonly applied to one that has a despotic power over another; though all the Oriental versions say, that she spoke to him in Hebrew. The Syriac and Ethiopic, "Rabboni", but the Arabic and Persic, "Rabbi". The titles of Rab, Rabbi, and Rabban, are frequent with the Jewish doctors; who say (m), that Rabbi is greater than Rab, and Rabban is greater than Rabbi; and a man's own name greater than Rabban: but the word in the form here used Rabbon, I do not remember ever to have observed applied to any of the doctors; but is frequently used of the Divine Being, who, in their prayers, is often addressed in this manner, "Lord of the world" (n). I conjecture therefore, that Mary used this word, as expressive of her faith in his power and Godhead, seeing him alive from the dead; though it might be a name she was used to call him by before, being convinced from what he had done to her, and by the miracles she had observed performed by him on others, of his proper deity; as the poor blind man expresses his faith in the power of Christ to cure him, by addressing him in the same language, using the same word, Mark 10:51.

(m) Halichot Olam Tract. 1. c. 3. p. 25. (n) T. Bab. Taanith, fol. 20. 1. Sanhedrin, fol. 94. 1. Abot R. Nathan, c. 9. Bereshit Rabba, sect. 8. fol. 6. 4. 16, 17. Jesus saith unto her, Mary—It is not now the distant, though respectful, "Woman." It is the oft-repeated name, uttered, no doubt, with all the wonted manner, and bringing a rush of unutterable and overpowering associations with it.

She turned herself, and saith to him, Rabboni!—But that single word of transported recognition was not enough for woman's full heart. Not knowing the change which had passed upon Him, she hastens to express by her action what words failed to clothe; but she is checked.20:11-18 We are likely to seek and find, when we seek with affection, and seek in tears. But many believers complain of the clouds and darkness they are under, which are methods of grace for humbling their souls, mortifying their sins, and endearing Christ to them. A sight of angels and their smiles, will not suffice, without a sight of Jesus, and God's smiles in him. None know, but those who have tasted it, the sorrows of a deserted soul, which has had comfortable evidences of the love of God in Christ, and hopes of heaven, but has now lost them, and walks in darkness; such a wounded spirit who can bear? Christ, in manifesting himself to those that seek him, often outdoes their expectations. See how Mary's heart was in earnest to find Jesus. Christ's way of making himself known to his people is by his word; his word applied to their souls, speaking to them in particular. It might be read, Is it my Master? See with what pleasure those who love Jesus speak of his authority over them. He forbids her to expect that his bodily presence look further, than the present state of things. Observe the relation to God, from union with Christ. We, partaking of a Divine nature, Christ's Father is our Father; and he, partaking of the human nature, our God is his God. Christ's ascension into heaven, there to plead for us, is likewise an unspeakable comfort. Let them not think this earth is to be their home and rest; their eye and aim, and earnest desires, must be upon another world, and this ever upon their hearts, I ascend, therefore I must seek the things which are above. And let those who know the word of Christ, endeavour that others should get good from their knowledge.
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