John 20:24
New International Version
Now Thomas (also known as Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came.

New Living Translation
One of the twelve disciples, Thomas (nicknamed the Twin), was not with the others when Jesus came.

English Standard Version
Now Thomas, one of the twelve, called the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came.

Berean Study Bible
Now Thomas called Didymus, one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came.

Berean Literal Bible
But Thomas, one of the Twelve, the one called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

New American Standard Bible
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

King James Bible
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Christian Standard Bible
But Thomas (called "Twin"), one of the Twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.

Contemporary English Version
Although Thomas the Twin was one of the twelve disciples, he wasn't with the others when Jesus appeared to them.

Good News Translation
One of the twelve disciples, Thomas (called the Twin), was not with them when Jesus came.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But one of the Twelve, Thomas (called "Twin"), was not with them when Jesus came.

International Standard Version
Thomas, one of the Twelve (called the Twin), wasn't with them when Jesus came.

NET Bible
Now Thomas (called Didymus), one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.

New Heart English Bible
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But Thoma, one of the twelve, who is called The Twin, he was not there when Yeshua had come.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Thomas, one of the twelve apostles, who was called Didymus, wasn't with them when Jesus came.

New American Standard 1977
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

King James 2000 Bible
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

American King James Version
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

American Standard Version
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now Thomas, one of the twelve, who is called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Darby Bible Translation
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

English Revised Version
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Webster's Bible Translation
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Weymouth New Testament
Thomas, one of the twelve--surnamed 'the Twin' --was not among them when Jesus came.

World English Bible
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, wasn't with them when Jesus came.

Young's Literal Translation
And Thomas, one of the twelve, who is called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came;
Study Bible
Jesus Appears to Thomas
23If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you withhold forgiveness from anyone, it is withheld.” 24Now Thomas called Didymus, one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came. 25So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he replied, “Unless I see the nail marks in His hands, and put my finger where the nails have been, and put my hand into His side, I will never believe.”…
Cross References
Matthew 10:3
Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;

John 6:67
So Jesus asked the Twelve, "Do you want to leave too?"

John 6:70
Jesus answered them, "Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!"

John 6:71
He was speaking about Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. For although Judas was one of the Twelve, he was later to betray Jesus.

John 11:16
Then Thomas called Didymus said to his fellow disciples, "Let us also go, so that we may die with Him."

Treasury of Scripture

But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

Thomas.

John 11:16
Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his fellowdisciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.

John 14:5
Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how can we know the way?

John 21:2
There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples.

was.

John 6:66,67
From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him…

Matthew 18:20
For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.

Hebrews 10:25
Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.







Lexicon
Now
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

Thomas
Θωμᾶς (Thōmas)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2381: Thomas, also called Didymus, one of the Twelve. Of Chaldee origin; the twin; Thomas, a Christian.

called
λεγόμενος (legomenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

Didymus,
Δίδυμος (Didymos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1324: The Twin; Didymus, the Greek name equivalent to Thomas. Prolongation from dis; double, i.e. Twin; Didymus, a Christian.

one
εἷς (heis)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

of
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

the
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Twelve,
δώδεκα (dōdeka)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1427: Twelve; the usual way in which the Twelve apostles of Jesus are referred to. From duo and deka; two and ten, i.e. A dozen.

was
ἦν (ēn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

with
μετ’ (met’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3326: (a) gen: with, in company with, (b) acc: (1) behind, beyond, after, of place, (2) after, of time, with nouns, neut. of adjectives.

[the disciples]
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

when
ὅτε (hote)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3753: When, at which time. From hos and te; at which too, i.e. When.

Jesus
Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2424: Of Hebrew origin; Jesus, the name of our Lord and two other Israelites.

came.
ἦλθεν (ēlthen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.
(24) But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus . . .--Comp. Notes on John 11:16; John 14:5. It is in harmony with the desponding character that looks upon the visit to Jerusalem as necessarily leading to death, that he now is as one who has given up the common hope of the band of disciples, and is not present with them. It has happened as he had thought; the death he had foretold has come to pass. Is this the end of all the Messianic hopes which he had cherished? Is the grave the "whither," and the cross the "way," which they knew not?

Verses 24-29. -

(5) The manifestation made to anxious skepticism, with the blessing on those who have not seen and yet have believed. Verse 24. - This revelation was of supreme importance, and is the climax of the entire Gospel. It is peculiar to John's narrative, and throws light upon the very construction of the Gospel. It reveals the characteristics of honest doubt, and indicates the abundance of the evidence which was offered to specific classes and conditions of mind to help them believe that the Lord had risen. The confession drawn from the heart of this apostle is not only valuable in itself, but it reflects a new luster on the previous manifestation. Moreover, it is cumulative in its argumentative force. The most skeptical is the most enthusiastic of the twelve. But Thomas, one of the twelve (a term of designation for the first group of the apostles, and one which was not renounced, although two of them were absent. The number "twelve" had a symbolic and historic value from its relation to the twelve tribes, and we find (Acts 1.) that the eleven were anxious to fill up the vacant place left by Judas), called Didymus (Greek for "twin," repeated here from John 11:16, not simply to imply that Thomas was best known by his Greek name, but that there was a blending in him of intense love and a fear which had torment, a great ambition and yet exposure to moods of despondency, a desire to treat the whole manifestation of Christ as complete, to believe that the words of the Lord were all sublimely true, - coupled with a ghastly doubt that all was a delusion, a faculty of constructive faith and speculation, of transcendental intuition side by side with an intense desire for sensible manifestation, a greater belief in the Master than in the disciples, but no unwillingness to accept that which was sufficiently established). Thomas was not with them when Jesus came. We can never know why he was absent. He was given to moody fear, and shrank into solitude; and doubtless in many ways and words, as well as those recorded, had implied the wreck of his hopes. Separated from the fellowship of kindred spirits, he augmented his gloom; he was fast tending to unbelief. The state of his mind throughout the Passover week may have been one reason why the apostles delayed their return to Galilee. They may have come frequently to him with their sublime announcement, not once nor twice only. 20:19-25 This was the first day of the week, and this day is afterwards often mentioned by the sacred writers; for it was evidently set apart as the Christian sabbath, in remembrance of Christ's resurrection. The disciples had shut the doors for fear of the Jews; and when they had no such expectation, Jesus himself came and stood in the midst of them, having miraculously, though silently, opened the doors. It is a comfort to Christ's disciples, when their assemblies can only be held in private, that no doors can shut out Christ's presence. When He manifests his love to believers by the comforts of his Spirit, he assures them that because he lives, they shall live also. A sight of Christ will gladden the heart of a disciple at any time; and the more we see of Jesus, the more we shall rejoice. He said, Receive ye the Holy Ghost, thus showing that their spiritual life, as well as all their ability for their work, would be derived from him, and depended upon him. Every word of Christ which is received in the heart by faith, comes accompanied by this Divine breathing; and without this there is neither light nor life. Nothing is seen, known, discerned, or felt of God, but through this. After this, Christ directed the apostles to declare the only method by which sin would be forgiven. This power did not exist at all in the apostles as a power to give judgment, but only as a power to declare the character of those whom God would accept or reject in the day of judgment. They have clearly laid down the marks whereby a child of God may be discerned and be distinguished from a false professor; and according to what they have declared shall every case be decided in the day of judgment. When we assemble in Christ's name, especially on his holy day, he will meet with us, and speak peace to us. The disciples of Christ should endeavour to build up one another in their most holy faith, both by repeating what they have heard to those that were absent, and by making known what they have experienced. Thomas limited the Holy One of Israel, when he would be convinced by his own method or not at all. He might justly have been left in his unbelief, after rejecting such abundant proofs. The fears and sorrows of the disciples are often lengthened, to punish their negligence.
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