Hosea 7:9
New International Version
Foreigners sap his strength, but he does not realize it. His hair is sprinkled with gray, but he does not notice.

New Living Translation
Worshiping foreign gods has sapped their strength, but they don't even know it. Their hair is gray, but they don't realize they're old and weak.

English Standard Version
Strangers devour his strength, and he knows it not; gray hairs are sprinkled upon him, and he knows it not.

Berean Study Bible
Foreigners consume his strength, but he does not notice. Even his hair is streaked with gray, but he does not realize.

New American Standard Bible
Strangers devour his strength, Yet he does not know it; Gray hairs also are sprinkled on him, Yet he does not know it.

King James Bible
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not.

Christian Standard Bible
Foreigners consume his strength, but he does not notice. Even his hair is streaked with gray, but he does not notice.

Contemporary English Version
They don't seem to realize how weak and feeble they are; their hair has turned gray, while foreigners rule.

Good News Translation
and do not realize that this reliance on foreigners has robbed them of their strength. Their days are numbered, but they don't even know it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Foreigners consume his strength, but he does not notice. Even his hair is streaked with gray, but he does not notice.

International Standard Version
Foreigners have consumed his strength, and he hasn't noticed. Furthermore, his head is sprinkled with gray hair, but he doesn't realize it.

NET Bible
Foreigners are consuming what his strenuous labor produced, but he does not recognize it! His head is filled with gray hair, but he does not realize it!

New Heart English Bible
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he doesn't realize it. Indeed, gray hairs are here and there on him, and he doesn't realize it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Foreigners are using up your strength, but you don't realize it. You have become a gray-haired, old man, but you don't realize it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Strangers have devoured his strength, And he knoweth it not; Yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, And he knoweth it not.

New American Standard 1977
Strangers devour his strength, Yet he does not know it; Gray hairs also are sprinkled on him, Yet he does not know it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he does not know it; yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he does not understand.

King James 2000 Bible
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knows it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knows not.

American King James Version
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knows it not: yes, gray hairs are here and there on him, yet he knows not.

American Standard Version
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, and he knoweth it not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knew it not: yea, grey hairs also are spread about upon him, and he is ignorant of it.

Darby Bible Translation
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth [it] not; yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, and he knoweth [it] not.

English Revised Version
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, and he knoweth it not.

Webster's Bible Translation
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yes, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not.

World English Bible
Strangers have devoured his strength, and he doesn't realize it. Indeed, gray hairs are here and there on him, and he doesn't realize it.

Young's Literal Translation
Devoured have strangers his power, And he hath not known, Also old age hath sprinkled itself on him, And he hath not known.
Study Bible
Ephraim's Iniquity
8Ephraim mixes with the nations; Ephraim is an unturned cake. 9Foreigners consume his strength, but he does not notice. Even his hair is streaked with gray, but he does not realize. 10Israel’s arrogance testifies against them, yet they do not return to the LORD their God; despite all this, they do not seek Him.…
Cross References
Isaiah 1:7
Your land is desolate, your cities are burned with fire; foreigners devour your fields before you; a desolation is demolished by strangers.

Isaiah 42:25
So He poured out on them His furious anger and the fierceness of battle. It enveloped them in flames, but they did not understand; it consumed them, but they did not take it to heart.

Isaiah 48:8
You have never heard; you have never understood; for a long time your ears have not been open. For I knew how deceitful you are; you have been called a rebel from birth.

Hosea 4:6
My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you as My priests. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children.

Hosea 8:7
Indeed, they sow the wind and reap the whirlwind. There is no standing grain; what sprouts fails to yield flour. Even if it should produce, the foreigners would swallow it up.

Treasury of Scripture

Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knows it not: yes, gray hairs are here and there on him, yet he knows not.

devoured.

Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it …

2 Kings 13:3-7,22 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered …

2 Kings 15:19 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave …

Proverbs 23:35 They have stricken me, shall you say, and I was not sick; they have …

Isaiah 42:22-25 But this is a people robbed and spoiled; they are all of them snared …

Isaiah 57:1 The righteous perishes, and no man lays it to heart: and merciful …

here and there. Heb. sprinkled.







Lexicon
Foreigners
זָרִים֙ (zā·rîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2114: To turn aside, to be a, foreigner, strange, profane, to commit adultery

consume
אָכְל֤וּ (’ā·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

his strength,
כֹּח֔וֹ (kō·ḥōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3581: A small reptile (of unknown species)

but he
וְה֖וּא (wə·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

does not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

notice.
יָדָ֑ע (yā·ḏā‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

Even
גַּם־ (gam-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

his hair is streaked
זָ֣רְקָה (zā·rə·qāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2236: Be here and there, scatter, sprinkle, strew

with gray,
שֵׂיבָה֙ (śê·ḇāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7872: Hoary head, old age

but he
וְה֖וּא (wə·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

does not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

realize.
יָדָֽע׃ (yā·ḏā‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know
(9) Have devoured.--The past tense may refer to the invasions of Tiglath-pileser. Both Egypt and Assyria had come to regard Israel as the earthen pipkin between iron pots. These strangers have devoured his strength--i.e., he has less power to resist aggression, less treasure, less land, smaller population. The signs of senility are upon him. "Grey hairs are his passing bell." He is under sentence of death, and knoweth it not.

Verse 9. - Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not. Israel's intercourse with other nationalities could not but issue in disaster; a specimen of that disaster is here given. As the Greeks called all who did not speak the Greek language, whether they were savage or civilized, barbarians, so Israel called all foreigners, whether near or far off, strangers. The foreign nations here meant were those with which Israel had entered into treaties or formed alliances, in contravention of the constitution which God had given them. These nations, moreover, devoured their national resources by the imposition of taxes and hostile incursions; thus the King of Syria left "of the people to Jehoahaz only fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the King of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing;" again, when "Pul, the King of Assyria, came against the laud," we read that Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand. And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, even of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the King of Assyria;" then, "in the days of Pekah King of Israel came Tiglath-pileser King of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel-beth-maachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazer, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria. "The strength here mentioned includes all those things which constitute the wealth and well-being of a country, the produce of the soil and the riches of its inhabitants. Thus Aben Ezra rightly explains this clause, referring it to "the tribute which the Israelites gave to Assyria and Egypt, as is written in the Book of Kings." Yea, grey hairs are here and there (margin, sprinkled) upon him. What from foreign foes and internal feuds, the body politic was manifesting unmistakable symptoms of decay and decrepitude and approaching dissolution, just as grey hairs on the human body give indication of the advance of old age, with its decay of strength and nearness to the tomb. "The course of nature," says Aben Ezra, "has sprinkled grey hairs upon him, just as grey hair comes on men in consequence of the course of nature;" this corresponds to the sentiment of the preceding clause, for, according to the commentator just named," the grey hair denotes that their power is weakened and their possession perished." Yet he knoweth not is parallel to. "And he knoweth (it) not," and repeats the same sentiment, of course with emphasis of what was Israel thus ignorant? Not, surely, of the declining state of the national strength and the decay of the national importance. After so many drains upon their resources and the unsatisfactory position of their foreign relations, they could not shut their eyes upon the steadily and even rapidly approaching decadence. But though they could not pretend ignorance of the fact, they remained in ignorance of the cause, its consequence, and the cure. Notwithstanding the already exhausted condition of their country, and the process of exhaustion still going on, they overlooked the lamentable cause of all, which was their sin, national and individual, in departing from the Lord; and at the same time the dangerous consequences that were neither remote nor capable of being staved off; as also the only possible cure to be found in direct and immediate return and application to that God from whom they had so revolted. The "it" supplied in the Authorized Version

(1) had better be omitted;

(2) the construction adopted by Rashi and others, who make the first part of each clause the object of the second, is erroneous, as we have shown in the preceding observations. "They took it not to heart that the kings of Syria consumed them in the days of Jehoahaz" is the exposition of Rashi just referred to; but that of Kimchi favors the first and correct construction, as may be inferred from the words, "And he (Israel) knows not that on account of his iniquity all this has come upon him, and yet he turns not from his wickedness." 7:8-16 Israel was as a cake not turned, half burnt and half dough, none of it fit for use; a mixture of idolatry and of the worship of Jehovah. There were tokens of approaching ruin, as grey hairs are of old age, but they noticed them not. The pride which leads to break the law of God leads to self-flattery. The mercy and grace of God are the only refuge to which obstinate sinners never think of fleeing. Though they may howl forth their terrors in the form of prayers, they seldom cry to God with their hearts. Even their prayers for earthly mercies only seek fuel for their lusts. Their turning from one sect, sentiment, form, or vice, to another, still leaves them far short of Christ and holiness. Such are we by nature. And such shall we prove if left to ourselves. Create in us a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within us.
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