Hosea 7:8
New International Version
"Ephraim mixes with the nations; Ephraim is a flat loaf not turned over.

New Living Translation
"The people of Israel mingle with godless foreigners, making themselves as worthless as a half-baked cake!

English Standard Version
Ephraim mixes himself with the peoples; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

Berean Study Bible
Ephraim mixes with the nations; Ephraim is an unturned cake.

New American Standard Bible
Ephraim mixes himself with the nations; Ephraim has become a cake not turned.

King James Bible
Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

Christian Standard Bible
Ephraim has allowed himself to get mixed up with the nations. Ephraim is unturned bread baked on a griddle.

Contemporary English Version
The people of Israel have mixed with foreigners; they are a thin piece of bread scorched on one side.

Good News Translation
The LORD says, "The people of Israel are like a half-baked loaf of bread. They rely on the nations around them

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ephraim has allowed himself to get mixed up with the nations. Ephraim is unturned bread baked on a griddle.

International Standard Version
"Ephraim compromises with the nations; he's a half-baked cake.

NET Bible
Ephraim has mixed itself like flour among the nations; Ephraim is like a ruined cake of bread that is scorched on one side.

New Heart English Bible
Ephraim, he mixes himself among the nations. Ephraim is a pancake not turned over.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Ephraim mixes with other nations. Ephraim, you are like a half-baked loaf of bread.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ephraim, he mixeth himself with the peoples; Ephraim is become a cake not turned.

New American Standard 1977
Ephraim mixes himself with the nations; Ephraim has become a cake not turned.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ephraim, he has mixed himself among the peoples; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

King James 2000 Bible
Ephraim, he has mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

American King James Version
Ephraim, he has mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

American Standard Version
Ephraim, he mixeth himself among the peoples; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Ephraim is mixed among his people; Ephraim became a cake not turned.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Ephraim himself is mixed among the nations: Ephraim is become as bread baked under the ashes, that is not turned.

Darby Bible Translation
Ephraim, he mixeth himself with the peoples; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

English Revised Version
Ephraim, he mixeth himself among the peoples; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

World English Bible
Ephraim, he mixes himself among the nations. Ephraim is a pancake not turned over.

Young's Literal Translation
Ephraim! among peoples he mixeth himself, Ephraim hath been a cake unturned.
Study Bible
Ephraim's Iniquity
7All of them are as hot as an oven, and they consume their rulers. All their kings fall; not one of them calls upon Me. 8Ephraim mixes with the nations; Ephraim is an unturned cake. 9Foreigners consume his strength, but he does not notice. Even his hair is streaked with gray, but he does not realize.…
Cross References
Psalm 106:35
but they mingled with the nations and adopted their customs.

Hosea 7:9
Foreigners consume his strength, but he does not notice. Even his hair is streaked with gray, but he does not realize.

Treasury of Scripture

Ephraim, he has mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned.

he hath.

Hosea 5:7,13
They have dealt treacherously against the LORD: for they have begotten strange children: now shall a month devour them with their portions…

Hosea 9:3
They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.

Ezra 9:1,12
Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, doing according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites…

a cake.

Hosea 8:2-4
Israel shall cry unto me, My God, we know thee…

1 Kings 18:21
And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD be God, follow him: but if Baal, then follow him. And the people answered him not a word.

Zephaniah 1:5
And them that worship the host of heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship and that swear by the LORD, and that swear by Malcham;







Lexicon
Ephraim
אֶפְרַ֕יִם (’ep̄·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 669: Ephraim -- a son of Joseph, also his descendants and their territory

mixes
יִתְבּוֹלָ֑ל (yiṯ·bō·w·lāl)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1101: To mingle, mix, confuse, confound

with the nations;
בָּעַמִּ֖ים (bā·‘am·mîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

Ephraim
אֶפְרַ֛יִם (’ep̄·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 669: Ephraim -- a son of Joseph, also his descendants and their territory

is
הָיָ֥ה (hā·yāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

an unturned
הֲפוּכָֽה׃ (hă·p̄ū·ḵāh)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2015: To turn about, over, to change, overturn, return, pervert

cake.
עֻגָ֖ה (‘u·ḡāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5692: A disc or cake of bread
(8) Cake not turned.--Referring to the destructive effect of foreign influences. Ephraim was consumed by the unhallowed fire of Baal-worship, with all its passion and sensualism--a cake burnt on one side to a cinder, and on the other left in a condition utterly unfit for food. So the activity of foreign idolatries and foreign alliances, and the consequent unfaithfulness to Israel's God, are the nation's ruin.

Verse 8. - Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned. The people of the northern kingdom had fallen away from Jehovah, and mixed themselves with the heathen nationalities. They resembled a cake which, through neglect of turning, was burnt on the one side and raw on the other. The best commentary on the first clause of this verse is found in Psalm 106:35, 36, and 39; they "were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works. And they served their idols: which were a snare unto them.... Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a-whoring with their own inventions." The second clause is well explained by Bishop Horsley as follows: "One thing on one side, another on the other; burnt to a coal at bottom, raw dough at the top. An apt image of a character that is all inconsistencies. Such were the ten tribes of the prophet's day; worshippers of Jehovah in profession, but adopting all the idolatries of the neighboring nations, in addition to their own semi-idolatry of the calves." Similarly, the Geneva Bible has, "Baked on one side and raw on the ether, he is neither through hot nor through cold, but partly a Jew and partly a Gentile." Jehovah had chosen Israel out of the nations of the earth, and given them a special constitution. The object of this segregation was that Israel should be a peculiar people and a holy nation. Thus distinguished, they were to dwell alone; but, ungrateful for this high distinction, and unmindful of their high destiny, they mingled with the nations, learned their heathenish ways, and worshipped their hateful idols. Thus they forfeited their theocratic pre-eminence. While it was their privilege as well u duty to follow the precepts of Jehovah, and serve him with undivided affection, they fell away from his service and adopted the idolatries and habits of the heathen; it was only a just retribution, therefore, when God gave them ever into the hand of those heathen peoples to waste their resources and leave them shorn of their strength. The second clause is the counterpart of this; exactly like the peoples subsequently brought from Assyria, and planted in the lands of the dispossessed Israelites, they worshipped the Lord, but served their own gods - they were neither true worshippers of Jehovah nor out-and-out followers of Baal. In religion they were mongrels - inconsistent and worthless hybrids; they were, in fact, what Calvin in rather homely phrase says of them," neither flesh nor fish." The comment of Kimchi is concise as it is clear: "The prophet means to say, He (Israel) mixes himself among the peoples; though God - blessed be he I - separated them from them, yet they mix them. selves among them and do according to their works." His explanation of the second clause is not so satisfactory when he says, "As a cake which is baked upon the coals; if they do not turn it, it is burnt below and not baked above, so is the counsel that is not right when they do not turn it from side to side (sense to sense) until they bring it upon their wheels (into action). So (thoughtless and hasty) is Ephraim in his determination to serve the calves and other gods without proving and choosing what is good."

(2) Other explanations need only be referred to in order to be rejected, as

(1) that of Rashi, who is followed by Grotius. He takes the verb in the future sense: "Ephraim in exile shall be mixed among the peoples." But it is obviously the present, not the future time, that is intended - the present sin, not its future punishment. There is

(2) the explanation of Aben Ezra, followed by Eichhorn and Maurer, referring to the alliances or treaties which the northern kingdom formed with their neighbors to repel their enemies, and by which the resources of the land were consumed; while the second clause,

(a) according to Aben Ezra, refers to the over-hastiness and thoughtlessness with which Israel proceeded in their resolutions; and,

(b) according to Maurer, Jerome, and Theodoret, it signifies what is spoiled, ill-advised, and worthless. 7:8-16 Israel was as a cake not turned, half burnt and half dough, none of it fit for use; a mixture of idolatry and of the worship of Jehovah. There were tokens of approaching ruin, as grey hairs are of old age, but they noticed them not. The pride which leads to break the law of God leads to self-flattery. The mercy and grace of God are the only refuge to which obstinate sinners never think of fleeing. Though they may howl forth their terrors in the form of prayers, they seldom cry to God with their hearts. Even their prayers for earthly mercies only seek fuel for their lusts. Their turning from one sect, sentiment, form, or vice, to another, still leaves them far short of Christ and holiness. Such are we by nature. And such shall we prove if left to ourselves. Create in us a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within us.
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