Ezekiel 4:12
New International Version
Eat the food as you would a loaf of barley bread; bake it in the sight of the people, using human excrement for fuel.”

New Living Translation
Prepare and eat this food as you would barley cakes. While all the people are watching, bake it over a fire using dried human dung as fuel and then eat the bread.”

English Standard Version
And you shall eat it as a barley cake, baking it in their sight on human dung.”

Berean Study Bible
And you shall eat the food as you would a barley cake, after you bake it over dried human excrement in the sight of the people.”

King James Bible
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of man, in their sight.

New King James Version
And you shall eat it as barley cakes; and bake it using fuel of human waste in their sight.”

New American Standard Bible
You shall eat it as a barley cake, having baked it in their sight over human dung.”

NASB 1995
“You shall eat it as a barley cake, having baked it in their sight over human dung.”

NASB 1977
“And you shall eat it as a barley cake, having baked it in their sight over human dung.”

Amplified Bible
You shall eat your food as barley cakes, having baked it in their sight over human dung.”

Christian Standard Bible
You will eat it as you would a barley cake and bake it over dried human excrement in their sight.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will eat it as you would a barley cake and bake it over dried human excrement in their sight.”

American Standard Version
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you shall eat a flat cake of barley that is baked on the dung of a son of man in their sight

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt eat them as a barley cake: thou shalt bake them before their eyes in man's dung.

Contemporary English Version
Use dried human waste to start a fire, then bake the bread on the coals where everyone can watch you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt eat it as barley bread baked under the ashes: and thou shalt cover it, in their sight, with the dung that cometh out of a man.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.

Good News Translation
You are to build a fire out of dried human excrement, bake bread on the fire, and eat it where everyone can see you."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Eat the bread as you would eat barley loaves. Bake the bread in front of people, using human excrement for fuel."

International Standard Version
You are to eat it as barley cakes and bake it right in front of them, using dried human dung for cooking fuel."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt eat it as barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it in their sight with dung that cometh out of man.'

Literal Standard Version
And you eat it [as] barley-cake, and it with dung—the filth of man—you bake before their eyes.”

NET Bible
And you must eat the food like you would a barley cake. You must bake it in front of them over a fire made with dried human excrement."

New Heart English Bible
You shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it in their sight with dung that comes out of man."

World English Bible
You shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it in their sight with dung that comes out of man.

Young's Literal Translation
A barley-cake thou dost eat it, and it with dung -- the filth of man -- thou dost bake before their eyes.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Defiled Bread
11You are also to measure out a sixth of a hin of water to drink, and you are to drink it at set times. 12And you shall eat the food as you would a barley cake, after you bake it over dried human excrement in the sight of the people.” 13Then the LORD said, “This is how the Israelites will eat their defiled bread among the nations to which I will banish them.”…

Cross References
Genesis 19:3
But Lot insisted so strongly that they followed him into his house. He prepared a feast for them and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.

Isaiah 36:12
But the Rabshakeh replied, "Has my master sent me to speak these words only to you and your master, and not to the men sitting on the wall, who are destined with you to eat their own dung and drink their own urine?"

Ezekiel 4:11
You are also to measure out a sixth of a hin of water to drink, and you are to drink it at set times.


Treasury of Scripture

And you shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it with dung that comes out of man, in their sight.

No references listed for this verse.









(12) As barley cakes.--These were commonly cooked in the hot ashes, hence the especial defilement caused by the fuel required to be used. Against this the prophet pleads, not merely as revolting in itself, but as ceremonially polluting (Ezekiel 4:14; see Leviticus 5:3; Leviticus 7:21), and a mitigation of the requirement is granted to him (Ezekiel 4:15).

In their sight--This is still a part of the vision. The words have been thought to determine that the whole transaction was an actual symbolic act and not a vision; but this does not follow. It need only have been a part of the vision that what was done was done publicly.

Verse 12. - Thou shall bake it with dung, etc. The process of baking in ashes was as old as the time of Abraham (Genesis 18:6), and continues in Arabia and Syria to the present day. The kneaded dough was rolled into thin flat cakes, and they were placed upon, or hung over, the hot wood embers of the hearth or oven. But in a besieged city the supply of wood for fuel soon fails. The first resource is found, as still often happens in the East, in using the dried dung of camels or of cattle. Before Ezekiel's mind there came the vision of a yet more terrible necessity. That supply also might tail, and then men would be forced to use the dried contents of the "draught houses" or cesspools of Jerusalem. They would be compelled almost literally to fulfil the taunt of Rabshakeh (Isaiah 36:12). That thought, as bringing with it the ceremonial pollution of Leviticus 5:3: 7:21, was as revolting to Ezekiel as it is to us; but like Dante, in a like revolting symbolism ('Inf.,' 18:114), he does not shrink from naming it. It came to him, as with the authority of a Divine command, that he was even to do this, to represent the extreme horrors of the siege. And all this was to be done visibly, before the eyes of his neighbours at Tel-Abib.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And you shall eat
תֹּֽאכֲלֶ֑נָּה (tō·ḵă·len·nāh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 398: To eat

[the food]
וְהִ֗יא (wə·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

as you would a barley
שְׂעֹרִ֖ים (śə·‘ō·rîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 8184: Barley

cake,
וְעֻגַ֥ת (wə·‘u·ḡaṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 5692: A disc or cake of bread

after you bake
תְּעֻגֶ֖נָה (tə·‘u·ḡe·nāh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5746: To bake

it over dried human
הָֽאָדָ֔ם (hā·’ā·ḏām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 120: Ruddy, a human being

excrement
בְּגֶֽלְלֵי֙ (bə·ḡel·lê)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1561: Dung

in the sight [of the people].”
לְעֵינֵיהֶֽם׃ (lə·‘ê·nê·hem)
Preposition-l | Noun - cdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5869: An eye, a fountain


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 4:12 You shall eat it as barley cakes (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 4:11
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