2 Kings 25:3
New International Version
By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city had become so severe that there was no food for the people to eat.

New Living Translation
By July 18 in the eleventh year of Zedekiah's reign, the famine in the city had become very severe, and the last of the food was entirely gone.

English Standard Version
On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.

Berean Study Bible
By the ninth day of the fourth month, the famine in the city was so severe that the people of the land had no food.

New American Standard Bible
On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.

King James Bible
And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

Christian Standard Bible
By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that the common people had no food.

Good News Translation
On the ninth day of the fourth month of that same year, when the famine was so bad that the people had nothing left to eat,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that the people of the land had no food.

International Standard Version
By the ninth day of the fourth month, the resulting famine had become so severe in the city that no food remained for the people who lived in the land.

NET Bible
By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city was so severe the residents had no food.

New Heart English Bible
On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was severe in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On the ninth day of the fourth month, the famine in the city became so severe that the common people had no food.

JPS Tanakh 1917
On the ninth day of the [fourth] month the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

New American Standard 1977
On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And on the ninth of the month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

King James 2000 Bible
And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no food for the people of the land.

American King James Version
And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

American Standard Version
On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The ninth day of the month: and a famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

Darby Bible Translation
On the ninth of the [fourth] month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

English Revised Version
On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

Webster's Bible Translation
And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

World English Bible
On the ninth day of the [fourth] month the famine was severe in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

Young's Literal Translation
on the ninth of the month -- when the famine is severe in the city, and there hath not been bread for the people of the land,
Study Bible
Nebuchadnezzar Besieges Jerusalem
2And the city was kept under siege until King Zedekiah’s eleventh year. 3By the ninth day of the fourth month, the famine in the city was so severe that the people of the land had no food. 4Then the city was breached; and though the Chaldeans had surrounded the city, all the men of war fled by night by way of the gate between the two walls near the king’s garden. They fled toward the Arabah,…
Cross References
2 Kings 6:24
Some time later, Ben-hadad king of Aram assembled his entire army and marched up to besiege Samaria.

2 Kings 6:25
So there was a great famine in Samaria. Indeed, they besieged the city so long that a donkey's head sold for eighty shekels of silver, and a quarter cab of dove's dung sold for five shekels of silver.

2 Kings 25:2
And the city was kept under siege until King Zedekiah's eleventh year.

Jeremiah 37:21
So King Zedekiah gave orders, and Jeremiah was placed in the courtyard of the guard and given a loaf of bread daily from the baker's street, until all the bread in the city was gone. So Jeremiah remained in the courtyard of the guard.

Jeremiah 52:6
By the ninth day of the fourth month, the famine in the city was so severe that the people of the land had no food.

Lamentations 4:9
Those slain by the sword are better off than those who die of hunger, who waste away, pierced with pain because the fields lack produce.

Lamentations 4:10
The hands of compassionate women have cooked their own children, who became their food in the destruction of the daughter of my people.

Zechariah 8:19
"This is what the LORD of Hosts says: The fasts of the fourth, the fifth, the seventh, and the tenth months will become times of joy and gladness, cheerful feasts for the house of Judah. Therefore love truth and peace."

Treasury of Scripture

And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

A.

Jeremiah 39:2
And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up.

Jeremiah 52:6
And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

Zechariah 8:19
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The fast of the fourth month, and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts; therefore love the truth and peace.

the famine.

Leviticus 26:26
And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.

Deuteronomy 28:52,53
And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee…

Lamentations 4:4-10
The tongue of the sucking child cleaveth to the roof of his mouth for thirst: the young children ask bread, and no man breaketh it unto them…

there was no.

Jeremiah 37:21
Then Zedekiah the king commanded that they should commit Jeremiah into the court of the prison, and that they should give him daily a piece of bread out of the bakers' street, until all the bread in the city were spent. Thus Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.

Jeremiah 38:2
Thus saith the LORD, He that remaineth in this city shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live; for he shall have his life for a prey, and shall live.







Lexicon
By the ninth [day]
בְּתִשְׁעָ֣ה (bə·ṯiš·‘āh)
Preposition-b | Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8672: Nine, ninth

of the [fourth] month,
לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ (la·ḥō·ḏeš)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2320: The new moon, a month

the famine
הָרָעָ֖ב (hā·rā·‘āḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7458: Famine, hunger

in the city
בָּעִ֑יר (bā·‘îr)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

was so severe
וַיֶּחֱזַ֥ק (way·ye·ḥĕ·zaq)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2388: To fasten upon, to seize, be strong, obstinate, to bind, restrain, conquer

that the people
לְעַ֥ם (lə·‘am)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

of the land
הָאָֽרֶץ׃ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

had
הָ֥יָה (hā·yāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

no
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

food.
לֶ֖חֶם (le·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain
(3) And on the ninth day of the fourth month.--The text is supplemented from Jeremiah 39:2; Jeremiah 52:6. The Syriac, however, has, "And in the eleventh year of King Zedekiah, in the fifth month, on the ninth day of the month, the famine prevailed," &c.; which may be original. (Comp. 2Kings 25:1.)

The famine prevailed.--Not that the scarcity was first felt on that day, but that it then had reached a climax, so that defence was no longer possible. The horrors of the siege are referred to in Lamentations 2:11 seq., Lamentations 2:19 seq., Lamentations 4:3-10; Ezekiel 5:10; Baruch 2:3. As in the famine of Samaria and the last siege of Jerusalem, parents ate their own offspring. (Comp. the prophetic threats of Leviticus 26:29; Deuteronomy 28:53 seq.; Jeremiah 15:2 seq., Jeremiah 27:13; Ezekiel 4:16 seq.)

The people of the land.--The population of the city, especially the families which had crowded into it from the country. Thenius, as usual, insists that the militia are meant. But these are the "men of war" (2Kings 25:4).

Verse 3. - And on the ninth day of the fourth month. The text of Kings is here incomplete, and has to be restored from Jeremiah 52:6. Our translators have supplied the missing words. The famine prevailed in the city (see the comment on ver. 2). As I have elsewhere observed, "The intensity of the suffering endured may be gathered from Lamentations, Ezekiel, and Josephus. The complexions of the men grew black with famine (Lamentations 4:8; Lamentations 5:10); their skin was shrunk and parched (Lamentations 4:8); the rich and noble women searched the dunghills for setups of offal (Lamentations 4:5); the children perished for want, or were even devoured by their parents (Lamentations 2:20; Lamentations 4:3, 4, 10; Ezekiel 5:10); water was scarce, as well as food, and was sold at a price (Lamentations 5:4); third part of the inhabitants died of the famine, and the plague which grew out of it (Ezekiel 5:12)" (see the 'Speaker's Commentary,' vol. it. p. 147). And there was no bread for the people of the land. Bread commonly fails comparatively early in a siege. It was some time before the fall of the city that Ebed-Meleeh expressed his fear that Jeremiah would starve, since there was no more bread in the place (see Jeremiah 38:9). 25:1-7 Jerusalem was so fortified, that it could not be taken till famine rendered the besieged unable to resist. In the prophecy and Lamentations of Jeremiah, we find more of this event; here it suffices to say, that the impiety and misery of the besieged were very great. At length the city was taken by storm. The king, his family, and his great men escaped in the night, by secret passages. But those deceive themselves who think to escape God's judgments, as much as those who think to brave them. By what befell Zedekiah, two prophecies, which seemed to contradict each other, were both fulfilled. Jeremiah prophesied that Zedekiah should be brought to Babylon, Jer 32:5; 34:3; Ezekiel, that he should not see Babylon, Eze 12:13. He was brought thither, but his eyes being put out, he did not see it.
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