7602. sha'aph
Strong's Concordance
sha'aph: pant
Original Word: שָׁאַף
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: sha'aph
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-af')
Definition: to gasp, pant, pant after, long for
Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. שָׁאַף verb gasp, pant, pant after, long for (so ᵑ7 Job 7:2); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular וְשָׁאַף consecutive Job 5:5, 3feminine singular שָֽׁאֲפָה Jeremiah 2:24, 3plural שָֽׁאֲפוּ Jeremiah 14:6; Imperfect3masculine singular יִשְׁאַף Job 7:2, etc.; Participle active שׁוֺאֵף Ecclesiastes 1:5; —

1 gasp, as a woman in travail, figurative of ׳י, Isaiah 42:14 ("" נָשַׁם); pant after, snuff up the wind (accusative), of wild ass Jeremiah 2:24; Jeremiah 14:6; construction praegn.׳וְאֶלמְֿקוֺמוֺ שׁ Ecclesiastes 1:5 unto his place he panteth (comes panting), of sun under figure of racer.

2 gasp or pant with desire Psalm 119:131 ("" יָאַב); pant after, be eager for, with accusative Job 5:5 (compare צַמִּים p. 855:b), Job 7:2 ("" יְקַוֶּה), Job 36:20 (but obscure in context).

II. [שָׁאַף] verb crush, trample upon ("" form of שׁוּף (q. v.), if pointing right, compare Köi. 439; We Now read שָׁאפִים, etc., from שׁוּף, compare Ges§ 72p; perhaps originally pulverize by rubbing, but also apparently by pounding, stamping, treading, LevyChWB שׁוּף, JastrDict.שׁוּף, שׁאף; — most make = I. שׁאף, but Vrss render as above); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular suffix שְׁאָפַ֫נִי Psalm 56:2, 3plural שָֽׁאֲפוּ Psalm 56:3; ,Infinitive absolute שָׁאֹף Ezekiel 36:3; Participle suffix שֹׁאֲפִי Psalm 57:4; plural שֹׁאֲפִים Amos 2:7; Amos 8:4; — trample upon, crush (the poor, etc.), figurative, with accusative of person Amos 8:4; strangely Amos 2:7 (We Now Marti strike out לְַעֲֿפַראֶֿרֶץ, which TorreyJBL xv (1896), 152 explained as old doublet, compare ᵐ5 ᵑ6; AV RV pant after the dust, etc., hyperb. for extreme avarice, compare Hi Dr; but Dr thinks ᵑ9 possibly original: crush the heads of the poor upon the dust [compare Isaiah 3:15], in any case strike out בְּ after ׳שׁ crush); אֶתְכֶם מִסָּבִיב ׳שַׁמּוֺת וְשׁ Ezekiel 36:3; Psalm 56:2; Psalm 57:4 and (accusative omitted) Psalm 56:3.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
desire earnestly, devour, haste, pant, snuff up, swallow up

A primitive root; to inhale eagerly; figuratively, to cover; by implication, to be angry; also to hasten -- desire (earnestly), devour, haste, pant, snuff up, swallow up.

Forms and Transliterations
הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֖ים הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֤ים השאפים וְאֶשְׁאַ֖ף וְשָׁאַ֖ף וְשָׁאֹ֨ף וָאֶשְׁאָ֑פָה ואשאף ואשאפה ושאף יִשְׁאַף־ ישאף־ שְׁאָפַ֣נִי שָׁאֲפ֣וּ שָׁאֲפ֥וּ שָׁאֲפָ֣ה שֹׁאֲפִ֣י שׁוֹאֵ֛ף שאפה שאפו שאפי שאפני שואף תִּשְׁאַ֥ף תשאף haš·šō·’ă·p̄îm hashshoaFim haššō’ăp̄îm šā’ăp̄āh šā’ăp̄ū šā·’ă·p̄āh šā·’ă·p̄ū šə’āp̄anî šə·’ā·p̄a·nî shaaFah shaaFu sheaFani shoaFi shoEf šō’ăp̄î šō·’ă·p̄î šō·w·’êp̄ šōw’êp̄ tiš’ap̄ tiš·’ap̄ tishAf vaeshAfah veeshAf veshaAf veshaOf wā’eš’āp̄āh wā·’eš·’ā·p̄āh wə’eš’ap̄ wə·’eš·’ap̄ wə·šā·’ap̄ wə·šā·’ōp̄ wəšā’ap̄ wəšā’ōp̄ yiš’ap̄- yiš·’ap̄- yishaf
Links
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Job 5:5
HEB: מִצִּנִּ֥ים יִקָּחֵ֑הוּ וְשָׁאַ֖ף צַמִּ֣ים חֵילָֽם׃
NAS: And the schemer is eager for their wealth.
KJV: and the robber swalloweth up their substance.
INT: thorns and take is eager and the schemer their wealth

Job 7:2
HEB: כְּעֶ֥בֶד יִשְׁאַף־ צֵ֑ל וּ֝כְשָׂכִ֗יר
NAS: As a slave who pants for the shade,
KJV: As a servant earnestly desireth the shadow,
INT: A slave pants the shade A hired

Job 36:20
HEB: אַל־ תִּשְׁאַ֥ף הַלָּ֑יְלָה לַעֲל֖וֹת
NAS: Do not long for the night,
KJV: Desire not the night, when people
INT: not long the night vanish

Psalm 56:1
HEB: אֱ֭לֹהִים כִּֽי־ שְׁאָפַ֣נִי אֱנ֑וֹשׁ כָּל־
NAS: for man has trampled upon me; Fighting
KJV: for man would swallow me up; he fighting
INT: God for has trampled man all

Psalm 56:2
HEB: שָׁאֲפ֣וּ שׁ֭וֹרְרַי כָּל־
NAS: My foes have trampled upon me all day
KJV: would daily swallow [me] up: for [they be] many
INT: have trampled enemies all

Psalm 57:3
HEB: וְֽיוֹשִׁיעֵ֗נִי חֵרֵ֣ף שֹׁאֲפִ֣י סֶ֑לָה יִשְׁלַ֥ח
NAS: me; He reproaches him who tramples upon me. Selah.
KJV: me [from] the reproach of him that would swallow me up. Selah.
INT: and save reproaches tramples Selah will send

Psalm 119:131
HEB: פִּֽי־ פָ֭עַרְתִּי וָאֶשְׁאָ֑פָה כִּ֖י לְמִצְוֹתֶ֣יךָ
NAS: wide and panted, For I longed
KJV: my mouth, and panted: for I longed
INT: my mouth opened and panted for your commandments

Ecclesiastes 1:5
HEB: וְאֶ֨ל־ מְקוֹמ֔וֹ שׁוֹאֵ֛ף זוֹרֵ֥חַֽ ה֖וּא
NAS: sets; And hastening to its place
KJV: goeth down, and hasteth to his place
INT: to place and hastening rises he

Isaiah 42:14
HEB: אֶפְעֶ֔ה אֶשֹּׁ֥ם וְאֶשְׁאַ֖ף יָֽחַד׃
NAS: I will both gasp and pant.
KJV: I will destroy and devour at once.
INT: will groan gasp and pant will both

Jeremiah 2:24
HEB: (נַפְשָׁהּ֙ ק) שָׁאֲפָ֣ה ר֔וּחַ תַּאֲנָתָ֖הּ
NAS: to the wilderness, That sniffs the wind
KJV: to the wilderness, [that] snuffeth up the wind
INT: desire any sniffs the wind heat

Jeremiah 14:6
HEB: עַל־ שְׁפָיִ֔ם שָׁאֲפ֥וּ ר֖וּחַ כַּתַּנִּ֑ים
NAS: on the bare heights; They pant for air
KJV: in the high places, they snuffed up the wind
INT: on the bare pant air dragons

Ezekiel 36:3
HEB: בְּיַ֡עַן שַׁמּוֹת֩ וְשָׁאֹ֨ף אֶתְכֶ֜ם מִסָּבִ֗יב
NAS: they have made you desolate and crushed you from every side,
KJV: Because they have made [you] desolate, and swallowed you up on every side,
INT: reason have made and crushed every become

Amos 2:7
HEB: הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֤ים עַל־ עֲפַר־
NAS: These who pant after the [very] dust
KJV: That pant after the dust of the earth
INT: pant after the dust

Amos 8:4
HEB: שִׁמְעוּ־ זֹ֕את הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֖ים אֶבְי֑וֹן וְלַשְׁבִּ֖ית
NAS: this, you who trample the needy,
KJV: Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy,
INT: Hear who trample the needy to do

14 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 7602
14 Occurrences


haš·šō·’ă·p̄îm — 2 Occ.
šā·’ă·p̄āh — 1 Occ.
šā·’ă·p̄ū — 2 Occ.
šə·’ā·p̄a·nî — 1 Occ.
šō·’ă·p̄î — 1 Occ.
šō·w·’êp̄ — 1 Occ.
tiš·’ap̄ — 1 Occ.
wā·’eš·’ā·p̄āh — 1 Occ.
wə·’eš·’ap̄ — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·’ap̄ — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·’ōp̄ — 1 Occ.
yiš·’ap̄- — 1 Occ.










7601
Top of Page
Top of Page