Genesis 47:21
New International Version
and Joseph reduced the people to servitude, from one end of Egypt to the other.

New Living Translation
As for the people, he made them all slaves, from one end of Egypt to the other.

English Standard Version
As for the people, he made servants of them from one end of Egypt to the other.

Berean Study Bible
and Joseph reduced the people to servitude from one end of Egypt to the other.

New American Standard Bible
As for the people, he removed them to the cities from one end of Egypt's border to the other.

King James Bible
And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

Christian Standard Bible
and Joseph moved the people to the cities from one end of Egypt to the other.

Contemporary English Version
and made everyone the king's slaves,

Good News Translation
Joseph made slaves of the people from one end of Egypt to the other.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and Joseph moved the people to the cities from one end of Egypt to the other.

International Standard Version
Then Joseph transported the people to cities from one end of Egypt to the other.

NET Bible
Joseph made all the people slaves from one end of Egypt's border to the other end of it.

New Heart English Bible
As for the people, he subjugated them as slaves from one end of the border of Egypt even to the other end of it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All over Egypt Joseph moved the people to the cities.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And as for the people, he removed them city by city, from one end of the border of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

New American Standard 1977
And as for the people, he removed them to the cities from one end of Egypt’s border to the other.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

King James 2000 Bible
And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

American King James Version
And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

American Standard Version
And as for the people, he removed them to the cities from one end of the border of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he brought the people into bondage to him, for servants, from one extremity of Egypt to the other,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all its people from one end of the borders of Egypt, even to the other end thereof,

Darby Bible Translation
And as for the people, he removed them into the cities, from [one] end of the borders of Egypt even to the [other] end of it.

English Revised Version
And as for the people, he removed them to the cities from one end of the border of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

World English Bible
As for the people, he moved them to the cities from one end of the border of Egypt even to the other end of it.

Young's Literal Translation
as to the people he hath removed them to cities from the one end of the border of Egypt even unto its other end.
Study Bible
Joseph's Leadership During the Famine
20So Joseph acquired for Pharaoh all the land in Egypt; the Egyptians, one and all, sold their fields because the famine was so severe upon them. The land became Pharaoh’s, 21and Joseph reduced the people to servitude from one end of Egypt to the other. 22However, he did not acquire the priests’ portion of the land, for it had been given to them by Pharaoh. They lived off the rations that Pharaoh supplied; so they did not sell their land.…
Cross References
Genesis 47:20
So Joseph acquired for Pharaoh all the land in Egypt; the Egyptians, one and all, sold their fields because the famine was so severe upon them. The land became Pharaoh's,

Genesis 47:22
However, he did not acquire the priests' portion of the land, for it had been given to them by Pharaoh. They lived off the rations that Pharaoh supplied; so they did not sell their land.

Treasury of Scripture

And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

A.

to cities.

Genesis 41:48
And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities: the food of the field, which was round about every city, laid he up in the same.







Lexicon
and Joseph reduced
הֶעֱבִ֥יר (he·‘ĕ·ḇîr)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

the people
הָעָ֔ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

to servitude
לֶעָרִ֑ים (le·‘ā·rîm)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

from one end
מִקְצֵ֥ה (miq·ṣêh)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7097: End, extremity

of Egypt
מִצְרַ֖יִם (miṣ·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

to
וְעַד־ (wə·‘aḏ-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the other.
קָצֵֽהוּ׃ (qā·ṣê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7097: End, extremity
(21) He removed them to cities.--Joseph's object in this measure was most merciful. As the corn was stored up in the cities, the people would be sure of nourishment only if they were in the immediate neighbourhood of the food. As a consequence, possibly, of Joseph's policy, the number of cities in the Valley of the Nile became so enormous that Herodotus computes them at 20,000. Thus the people would not dwell at any distance from their lands, while it would be impossible for them to reside actually on their plots of ground, as these every year are overflowed by the Nile.

Verse 21. - And as for the people, he removed them - not enslaved them, converted them into serfs and bondmen to Pharaoh (LXX., Vulgate), but simply transferred them, caused them to pass over - to cities - not from cities to cities, as if changing their populations (Onkelos, Rosenmüller, Kalisch), but either from the country districts to the towns (Targums Jonathan and Jerusalem, Lange, Schumann, Gerlach, Murphy), or according to the cities, i.e. in which the grain had been previously collected (Keil) - from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof. Not that the people were transported from one side of the country to the other as a high stroke of policy to complete their subjugation (Jarchi, Grotius, Rosenmüller, Kalisch, and others), but that throughout the land they were moved into the nearest cities, as a considerate and even merciful arrangement for the more efficiently supplying them with food (Calvin, Keil, Lange, Wordsworth, Speaker's Commentary). 47:13-26 Care being taken of Jacob and his family, which mercy was especially designed by Providence in Joseph's advancement, an account is given of the saving the kingdom of Egypt from ruin. There was no bread, and the people were ready to die. See how we depend upon God's providence. All our wealth would not keep us from starving, if rain were withheld for two or three years. See how much we are at God's mercy, and let us keep ourselves always in his love. Also see how much we smart by our own want of care. If all the Egyptians had laid up corn for themselves in the seven years of plenty, they had not been in these straits; but they regarded not the warning. Silver and gold would not feed them: they must have corn. All that a man hath will he give for his life. We cannot judge this matter by modern rules. It is plain that the Egyptians regarded Joseph as a public benefactor. The whole is consistent with Joseph's character, acting between Pharaoh and his subjects, in the fear of God. The Egyptians confessed concerning Joseph, Thou hast saved our lives. What multitudes will gratefully say to Jesus, at the last day, Thou hast saved our souls from the most tremendous destruction, and in the season of uttermost distress! The Egyptians parted with all their property, and even their liberty, for the saving of their lives: can it then be too much for us to count all but loss, and part with all, at His command, and for His sake, who will both save our souls, and give us an hundredfold, even here, in this present world? Surely if saved by Christ, we shall be willing to become his servants.
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