Galatians 6:16
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New International Version
Peace and mercy to all who follow this rule--to the Israel of God.

New Living Translation
May God's peace and mercy be upon all who live by this principle; they are the new people of God.

English Standard Version
And as for all who walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.

Berean Study Bible
Peace and mercy to all who walk by this rule, even to the Israel of God.

Berean Literal Bible
And as many as those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.

New American Standard Bible
And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.

King James Bible
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Christian Standard Bible
May peace come to all those who follow this standard, and mercy even to the Israel of God!

Contemporary English Version
If you follow this rule, you will belong to God's true people. God will treat you with undeserved kindness and will bless you with peace.

Good News Translation
As for those who follow this rule in their lives, may peace and mercy be with them--with them and with all of God's people!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
May peace come to all those who follow this standard, and mercy to the Israel of God!

International Standard Version
Now may peace be on all those who live by this principle, and may mercy be on the Israel of God.

NET Bible
And all who will behave in accordance with this rule, peace and mercy be on them, and on the Israel of God.

New Heart English Bible
As many as walk by this rule, peace and mercy be on them, and on God's Israel.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And those who agree to this path shall have peace and affection upon them and upon the Israel of God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Peace and mercy will come to rest on all those who conform to this principle. They are the Israel of God.

New American Standard 1977
And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

King James 2000 Bible
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

American King James Version
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and on the Israel of God.

American Standard Version
And as many as shall walk by this rule, peace be upon them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And whosoever shall follow this rule, peace on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Darby Bible Translation
And as many as shall walk by this rule, peace upon them and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

English Revised Version
And as many as shall walk by this rule, peace be upon them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Webster's Bible Translation
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Weymouth New Testament
And all who shall regulate their lives by this principle--may peace and mercy be given to them--and to the true Israel of God.

World English Bible
As many as walk by this rule, peace and mercy be on them, and on God's Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
and as many as by this rule do walk -- peace upon them, and kindness, and on the Israel of God!
Study Bible
15For neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything. What counts is a new creation. 16Peace and mercy to all who walk by this rule, even to the Israel of God. 17From now on let no one cause me trouble, for I bear on my body the marks of Jesus.…
Cross References
Psalm 125:5
But those who turn aside to crooked ways, the LORD will banish with the evildoers. Peace be upon Israel.

Romans 9:6
It is not as though God's word has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.

Galatians 3:7
Understand, then, that those who have faith are the sons of Abraham.

Galatians 3:29
And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed and heirs according to the promise.

Ephesians 6:23
Peace to the brothers and love with faith from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Philippians 3:3
For it is we who are the circumcision, we who worship by the Spirit of God, who glory in Christ Jesus, and who put no confidence in the flesh--

Philippians 3:16
Nevertheless, we must live up to what we have already attained.

1 Peter 1:3
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By His great mercy He has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

Jude 1:2
Mercy, peace, and love be multiplied to you.

Treasury of Scripture

And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and on the Israel of God.


Galatians 5:16,25 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the …

Psalm 125:4,5 Do good, O LORD, to those that be good, and to them that are upright …

Philippians 3:16 Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the …


Galatians 1:3 Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ,

Numbers 6:23-27 Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, On this wise you shall bless …

1 Chronicles 12:18 Then the spirit came on Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and …

Psalm 125:5 As for such as turn aside to their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead …

John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give to you: not as the world …

John 16:33 These things I have spoken to you, that in me you might have peace. …

See on

Romans 1:7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace …

Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which passes all understanding, shall keep …

the Israel.

Galatians 3:7-9,29 Know you therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the …

Psalm 73:1 Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.

Isaiah 45:25 In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.

Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of …

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite …

Romans 2:28,29 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, …

Romans 4:12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only…

Romans 9:6-8 Not as though the word of God has taken none effect. For they are …

Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and …

1 Peter 2:5-9 You also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy …

(16) According to this rule.--The word for "rule" is the same that afterwards received a special application in the phrase, "Canon of Scripture." It meant originally a carpenter's rule, or the line that a carpenter works by--hence, a rule or standard; and, from that, the list of books coming up to a certain standard--not (as might be thought) which themselves supplied a standard.

The Apostle confines his benediction to those who hold the fundamental truths of Christianity--i.e., here more especially, the doctrine of justification by faith and the spiritual view of Christianity connected with it, as opposed to the merely external and mechanical system of the Judaisers.

And upon the Israel of God.--The benediction is addressed, not to two distinct sets of persons ("those who walk by this rule" and "the Israel of God"), but to the same set of persons described in different ways. "And" is therefore equivalent to "namely:" Yea, upon the Israel of God. By the "Israel of God" is here meant the "spiritual Israel;" not converts from Judaism alone, but all who prove their real affinity to Abraham by a faith like Abraham's. (Comp. Galatians 3:7-9; Galatians 3:14; Galatians 3:29; Romans 4:11-12; Romans 9:6-8.)

Verse 16. - And as many as walk according to this rule (καὶ ὅσοι τῷ κανόνι τούτῳ στοιχήσουσιν); and as many as shall be walking by this rule. The word κανών, properly a workman's rule, according to Liddell and Scott, but according to Bishop Lightfoot, who, refers to Dr. Westcott, 'On the Canon,' App. A, the carpenter's or surveyor's line by which a direction is taken, is used in 2 Corinthians 10:13, 15, 16 of the measurements and delimitation of districts; here, with reference apparently to a surveyor's measuring-line, as marking out a path or road. So that τῷ κανόνι τούτῳ στοιχεῖν means "walking on orderly" (see note on στοιχεῖν, Galatians 5:25) in the line marked out by what has now been said. The future tense appears to point forward to what should be the case among the Galatians when the letter now going to them should have had time to do its work. But what in the preceding context does the apostle refer to as supplying "this rule"? Many think that he points to the aphorism in ver. 15, affirming the utter indifferency of circumcision or uncircumcision, and the all-importance of a "new creature;" in which case the stress would lie mainly upon the latter point, the "new all-importance of a creature," which was of perpetual interest, rather than on the indiffereney of circumcision which in itself was a matter of but passing concern. It may be fairly questioned, however, whether the apostle does not rather point to the description which in ver. 14 he has given of the manner in which he himself regarded the cross of Christ, as a pattern to the Galatian Churchmen of the manner in which they also should be affected by it. It was customary with the apostle to present himself to his converts as the model to which they should conform themselves. Thus he commends the Thessalonians for that on their conversion they proved themselves imitators of him (1 Thessalonians 1:6). When discoursing to the Corinthians of his manifold afflictions and of his self-humbling, men-loving demeanour under them all, he besought them to be imitators of him (1 Corinthians 4:9-16), which entreaty he renews with a similar reference in 1 Corinthians 9:1. So he exhorts the Philippians to unite with one another in imitating him, and to fix their regards upon such as walked as they had him and those with him for a pattern (Philippians 3:17), and again repeats to them (Philippians 4:9), "Those things which ye, moreover, learned, and received, and heard, and saw in me, do," - all which clauses refer to his own character and doings as seen by themselves or as reported to them by others (see Alford, in loc.). This purpose, of propounding his sentiments and course of action as a model for the guidance of his converts, no doubt underlies very many of those passages in which he so frankly and (we might but for this be tempted to think) so sell:approvingly dilates upon them. In those days we must remember there was no "Canon "of New Testament Scripture which might serve for the guidance of the newly gained converts from heathenism; for practical guidance in the Christian life, besides the Old Testament Scriptures (2 Timothy 3:15-17), they had, perforce, to be referred partly to their own moral sense, partly to the inward teachings of the Holy Spirit, and partly, and this to a very important extent, to the living examples of eminently Spirit-taught men. This purpose, of propounding himself as an example, evidently underlay the writing of ver. 14; and it is the consciousness that it was so that now leads him to use the phrase, "by this rule," in reference, as seems most probable, to that very description of his own life. It is noticeable that, after having exhorted the Philippians to do all the things which they had seen and known him to do, he adds (Philippians 4:9). "And the God of peace shall be with you;" just as he here says, "As many as shall be walking orderly by this rule, peace upon them, and mercy!" We are now brought into a position to see clearly the force of the conjunction "and," with which he introduces this verse. It connects it closely with ver. 14. "I myself glory in the cross of Christ, and to that cross have sacrificed all I held dear; and for all that shall be found walking in that same path - upon them shall rest my hearty sympathy and my pastoral benediction." It is further deserving of notice that in Philippians 3, when presenting himself to the Philippians as their examplar, the apostle speaks of "many" - no doubt with inclusive reference to those Judaizing advocates of circumcision whose circumcision he scornfully styles a concision - as being "the enemies of the cross of Christ." This was written some years after the Epistle to the Galatians; but it shows that it was a common experience with the apostle to find among the Gentile Churches two classes in particular of Christians: one, consisting of his own adherents and followers in the spirit and life of the gospel; another, of those who (either because as born Jews or Gentile Judaizers, they eschewed the pollution of the cross and its aspect towards the ceremonial Law, or because they were Gentiles, ashamed before their countrymen of trusting in a Jew who had been crucified), were fain to the utmost of their power to thrust the crucifixion of Christ out of sight - "the enemies of the cross of Christ?" Peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God (εἰρήνη ἐπ αὐτούς καὶ ἔλεος καὶ ἐπὶ τὸν Ἰσραὴλ τοῦ Θεοῦ). The suppletion of "be" in the Authorized Version, in preference to "shall be" or "is," is borne out by the fact that the language of benediction, both in the greeting at the beginning of the Epistles and in their close, ordinarily omits the copula verb, which in such cases must be what is here supplied. We may compare in particular Ephesians 6:24, "Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in uncorruptness," not only as similar in construction, requiring the like suppletion of "be," but also as another instance in which the apostle pronounces his pastoral benediction with a certain limitation, specifying those only who sincerely love Jesus Christ. The limitation in these two cases only implied is in 1 Corinthians 16:22 converted into a distinctly expressed anathema upon those who do not love Christ. The present passage makes the implied limitation without even that measure of stern precision which would have been marked by his writing ἐπὶ τούτους ("upon these") instead of ἐπ αὐτούς ("upon them"). It seems as if he would fain allure back to the gospel blessing those of his readers who might feel themselves as not now coming within its range. Perhaps in the addition of the words, "and mercy," we may detect a sympathizing sense in the mind of the apostle of the mental suffering, which those in Galatia sincerely devoted to the crucified Christ had and would still have to encounter, in contending for the truth of the gospel against fellow Churchmen of their own. They would probably be no mere hard-minded controversialists, but humble, loving believers, to whom the mercy of God would be very dear. The apostle adds it to his greeting only in writing to Timothy (1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2), distinguished apparently for the affectionateness and feminine-heartedness of his character. In Titus 1:4 the addition is not genuine. The words, "and upon the Israel of God," seem to be an echo of the "peace upon Israel (εἰρήνη ἐπὶ τὸν Ἰσραήλ)," which, in the Septuagint, closes the hundred and twenty-fifth and hundred and twenty-eighth psalms. The addition of the words, "of God," seems intended pointedly to distinguish the "Israel" which the apostle has m view from that which boasted itself as being Israel while it was not, and also from the false brethren (ψευδαδελφοί, Galatians 2:4) in the Christian Church, who were for linking themselves with the false Israel. The addition is not merely honorific, as in the expression, "the Church of God" (1 Corinthians 1:2; 2 Corinthians 1:1; 10:32; 11:22; 15:9), but distinctive as well - that which alone God views and loves as "Israel" - to wit, the entire body of real believers in Christ, who, as portrayed in this Epistle, are "children of promise after the fashion of Isaac" (Galatians 4:28), Abraham's seed and heirs of the promise" (Galatians 3:29), and the children of "the upper Jerusalem, which is our mother" (Galatians 4:26). Of that portion of the true Israel which dwelt in Galatia (see 1 Peter 1:1; 1 Peter 2:10), those who, like the apostle, consecrated themselves to Christ as crucified, were the guiding and characterizing element; and therefore his blessing shed upon these spreads itself also upon those connected with them. That the apostle is even here still regardful of others among the Galatians, who were themselves" shifting away from the gospel" and were drawing others away too (Galatians 1:6, 7), is shown by the next verse. And as many as walk according to this rule,.... Or canon; meaning not the canon of the Scriptures in general, which is the perfect rule, and only standard of faith and practice; according to which we are to walk, believe, and act; but either the doctrine of justification by the righteousness of Christ, the subject of this epistle, the truth the apostle had been explaining, vindicating, and confirming; and which to depart from, is going out of the way of truth; and an abiding by it, is walking in it; and is a good rule and standard, by which to distinguish between truth and error; for whatever is contrary to that article of faith cannot be true: or else the rule delivered in the preceding verse, declaring circumcision and uncircumcision to be of no avail in salvation, but a new creature; and to walk according to this rule, is to renounce all trust in, and dependence upon any outward things; to believe alone in Christ, for righteousness and life; to live by faith upon him, and to walk in newness of life, under the influences of his Spirit and grace:

peace be on them, and mercy. This is the apostle's godly wish, unfeigned desire, and hearty prayer for all such persons, be they who they will; Jews or Gentiles, circumcised or uncircumcised: by peace he means, a view of their peace with God, made by the blood of Christ; peace in their own consciences, which passes all understanding, and arises from a comfortable sense of justification by the righteousness of Christ, of pardon by his blood, and atonement by his sacrifice; and which is enjoyed in a way of believing; and also peace with one another, among themselves as brethren, which is a very desirable blessing: in short, it includes all prosperity and happiness, inward and outward, temporal, spiritual, and eternal: and by "mercy", he designs the love and grace of God, to sinful miserable creatures in themselves, which is the spring and fountain of all peace and prosperity; and which is displayed in the covenant of grace, and all the blessings of it; in the mission and incarnation of Christ, and redemption by him; in regeneration, forgiveness of sin, and complete salvation; and intends a fresh discovery, manifestation, and application of the mercy of God to his children; who often stand in need thereof, being distressed with the guilt of sin, or are under desertions or afflictive providences, at which time to have mercy showed them, is exceeding suitable and agreeable: when the apostle wishes these to be "on" them, it signifies that these blessings come from above, as every good gift does; that they descend as a cloud, and rest upon them, and abide with them, refreshing, comforting, and protecting them: he adds,

and upon the Israel of God; which is a further description of the persons, for whom he prays for these blessings; and is not to be understood by way of distinction from them, but as an amplification of their character; and as pointing out the Israel, by way of emphasis, the Israel, or Israelites indeed, the spiritual Israel, as distinct from Israel according to the flesh; see 1 Corinthians 10:18. The "Israel of God", or as the Arabic version reads it, "Israel the propriety of God"; which he has a right unto, and a claim upon; who are chosen by him, Israel his elect; who are redeemed by him, out of every kindred, tongue, people, and nation; who are called by his grace, and are styled Israel his called; who are justified in his Son, and by his righteousness; and for whose sake he is exalted as a Prince and a Saviour, to give them repentance and remission of sin; and who are, or will be saved by him, with an everlasting salvation; and is a name that includes all God's elect, whether Jews or Gentiles: though it may have a particular respect to such of the Israelites, or Jews, God had foreknown and reserved for himself; and who believed in Christ, and walked as new creatures, without confidence in the flesh. The Jews themselves own, that strangers, or proselytes, shall be called by the name of Israel; so they (b) explain Isaiah 44:5, latter part.

(b) Jarchi & Abarbinel in Isaiah 44.5. 16. as many—contrasting with the "as many," Ga 6:12.

rule—literally, a straight rule, to detect crookedness; so a rule of life.

peace—from God (Eph 2:14-17; 6:23).

mercy—(Ro 15:9).

Israel of God—not the Israel after the flesh, among whom those teachers wish to enrol you; but the spiritual seed of Abraham by faith (Ga 3:9, 29; Ro 2:28, 29; Php 3:3).6:16-18 A new creation to the image of Christ, as showing faith in him, is the greatest distinction between one man and another, and a blessing is declared on all who walk according to this rule. The blessings are, peace and mercy. Peace with God and our conscience, and all the comforts of this life, as far as they are needful. And mercy, an interest in the free love and favour of God in Christ, the spring and fountain of all other blessings. The written word of God is the rule we are to go by, both in its doctrines and precepts. May his grace ever be with our spirit, to sanctify, quicken, and cheer us, and may we always be ready to maintain the honour of that which is indeed our life. The apostle had in his body the marks of the Lord Jesus, the scars of wounds from persecuting enemies, for his cleaving to Christ, and the doctrine of the gospel. The apostle calls the Galatians his brethren, therein he shows his humility and his tender affection for them; and he takes his leave with a very serious prayer, that they might enjoy the favour of Christ Jesus, both in its effects and in its evidences. We need desire no more to make us happy than the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. The apostle does not pray that the law of Moses, or the righteousness of works, but that the grace of Christ, might be with them; that it might be in their hearts and with their spirits, quickening, comforting, and strengthening them: to all which he sets his Amen; signifying his desire that so it might be, and his faith that so it would be.
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NT Letters: Galatians 6:16 As many as walk by this rule (Gal. Ga) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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