Matthew 14:6
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
On Herod's birthday the daughter of Herodias danced for the guests and pleased Herod so much

New Living Translation
But at a birthday party for Herod, Herodias's daughter performed a dance that greatly pleased him,

English Standard Version
But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company and pleased Herod,

Berean Study Bible
On Herod's birthday, however, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod

Berean Literal Bible
But on the birthday of Herod having been celebrated, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst, and pleased Herod,

New American Standard Bible
But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod,

King James Bible
But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But when Herod's birthday celebration came, Herodias's daughter danced before them and pleased Herod.

International Standard Version
But when Herod's birthday celebration was held, the daughter of Herodias danced before the guests. She pleased Herod

NET Bible
But on Herod's birthday, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod,

New Heart English Bible
But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced among them and pleased Herod.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But when Herodus' birthday came, the daughter of Herodia danced before the dinner guests and she pleased Herodus.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Herod celebrated his birthday, Herodias' daughter danced for his guests. Herod was so delighted with her that

New American Standard 1977
But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod.

King James 2000 Bible
But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.

American King James Version
But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.

American Standard Version
But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst, and pleased Herod.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But on Herod's birthday, the daughter of Herodias danced before them: and pleased Herod.

Darby Bible Translation
But when Herod's birthday was celebrated, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod;

English Revised Version
But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst, and pleased Herod.

Webster's Bible Translation
But when Herod's birth-day was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.

Weymouth New Testament
But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before all the company, and so pleased Herod

World English Bible
But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced among them and pleased Herod.

Young's Literal Translation
But the birthday of Herod being kept, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst, and did please Herod,
Study Bible
The Beheading of John
5Although Herod wanted to kill John, he was afraid of the people, because they considered him a prophet. 6On Herod’s birthday, however, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod 7so much that he promised with an oath to give to her whatever she asked.…
Cross References
Genesis 40:20
Thus it came about on the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, that he made a feast for all his servants; and he lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants.

Matthew 14:3
Now Herod had arrested John and bound him and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife,

Matthew 14:7
so much that he promised with an oath to give to her whatever she asked.

Mark 6:14
Now King Herod heard about this, for Jesus' name had become well known, and people were saying, "John the Baptist has risen from the dead! That is why miraculous powers are at work in him."

Mark 6:17
For Herod himself had ordered that John be arrested and bound and imprisoned, on account of his brother Philip's wife Herodias, whom Herod had married.

Mark 6:19
So Herodias held a grudge against John and wanted to kill him. But she had been unable,

Mark 8:15
"Watch out!" He cautioned them. "Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and of Herod."

Luke 3:1
In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, while Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,

Luke 3:19
But when he rebuked Herod the tetrarch regarding his brother's wife Herodias and all the evils he had done,

Luke 8:3
Joanna the wife of Herod's household manager Chuza, Susanna, and many others. These women were ministering to them out of their own means.
Treasury of Scripture

But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.

birth-day.

Genesis 40:20 And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, …

Esther 1:2-9 That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of …

Esther 2:18 Then the king made a great feast to all his princes and his servants, …

Daniel 5:1-4 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, …

Hosea 1:5,6 And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow …

Mark 6:21-23 And when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made …

the daughter.

Matthew 22:24 Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his …

danced.

Esther 1:10-12 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, …

before them. Gr. in the midst.

(6) Herod's birthday.--Some critics have looked on the feast as one commemorating Herod's accession--his birth-day as a ruler; but there seems no reason for not accepting the word in its simple natural sense. Such feasts were common enough in the imperial life at Rome, and that of Herod's birthday had become proverbial even there (Persius, Sat. v., i. 180).

The daughter of Herodias danced before them.--Dances in filmy garments that but half concealed the form, commonly of an impure or voluptuous nature, were common enough both at Eastern and Roman banquets, the guests being simply spectators. But the dancers were for the most part women who made it their calling, like the nautch-girls of India; and it was a new thing, at which every decent Jew would shudder, for the daughter of a kingly house to come-thus into a shameless publicity and expose herself to the gaze of the banqueters, including as they did the chief captains and chiliarchs of the Roman legions, as well as Herod's own courtiers and the chief men of the province (Mark 6:21). But Herodias, it would seem, knew the tetrarch's weak point as well as Madame du Barry knew that of Louis XV. of France, and sought to bend him to her will, even though it were by the sacrifice of her daughter's modesty. She danced before them--literally, in the midst of them--as they reclined on their couches indolently gazing. Her name is given by Josephus (Ant. xviii. 5, 4) as Salome.

Verse 6. - But when Herod's birthday was kept; came (Revised Version); γενεσίοις δὲ γενομένοις τοῦ Ἡρῴδου, dative of time (Winer, § 31:9), with the addition of a participle. Birthday. So "Pharaoh's birthday" (Genesis 40:20, ἡμέρα γενέσεως). Thayer's Grimm refers to "Alciphr. Epp. 3, 18, and 55; Dio Cass., 47, 18, etc.," for γενέσια being used in the same sense. The Talmudic גיניסיא (see Levy, s.v.) apparently represents the same word, and (preceded by יום) has the same meaning (cf. Schurer, I. 2:27). Possibly Jews found γενέσια an easier word to pronounce than the more classical γενέσλια. The daughter of Herodias; i.e. Salome, daughter of Herod Philip and Herodias; she afterwards married her half uncle, Philip the tetrarch (ver. 3, note). She could not now be less than seventeen or eighteen years old (cf. Gutschmid, in Schurer, I. 2:28), so, in the East, could only just be still called a κοράσιον (ver. 11). Mark's text (like the Greek of Codex Bezae here) speaks of her as though she herself was called Herodias, and was the daughter of Antipas and Herodias; but the issue of this union could not then have been more than two years old (Schurer, loc. cit.). Besides, the trait mentioned by Mark (Mark 6:25), that she came back with haste to the king, asking for the head of the Baptist, implies that she was more than a child. Rendel Harris ('Texts and Studies,' II. 1. p. 68) suggests that the confusion is due to an early Latinization of the Greek from an ambiguous ejus. Danced. Probably with the same kind of voluptuous dance as that of the Egyptian almd described by Warburton ('Crescent and Cross,' chap. 14.). But that a member of the royal family should so dance before a company must have been almost unheard cf. Before them; in the midst (Revised Version). Matthew only. Such a dance with men sitting round would be specially abhorrent to the Jewish mind. And pleased Herod. And of course, as St. Mark adds, "them that sat with him" (cf. ver. 9). But when Herod's birthday was kept,.... The birthdays of princes, both of their coming into the world, and accession to the throne of government, were kept by the Gentiles; as by the Egyptians, Genesis 40:20 and by the (n) Persians, and Romans (o), and other nations, but not by the Jews; who reckon these among the feasts of idolaters.

"These (say they (p)) are the feasts of idolaters; the "Calends", and the "Saturnalia", the time kept in memory of subduing a kingdom (or when a king takes possession of it, the day of his accession), , "and the birthday of kings" (when they are made and crowned, the day of coronation), and the day of birth, and the day of death.''

And it is a question, whether this day, that was kept, was the day of Herod's natural birth, or of his civil government, being his accession, or coronation day: and it might also be a question, whether it was the then present Herod's birthday, or whether it was not his father Herod's, was it not that Mark says, Mark 6:21 it was his birthday; since it is the latter the poet (q) refers to, as kept by Jews, when he says, "At cum Herodis venere dies"; and the old Scholiast upon him observes, that

"Herod reigned over the Jews in Syria, in the times of Augustus; therefore the Herodians kept Herod's birthday, as also the sabbath, on which day they set up candles in the windows lighted, and encircled with violets.''

This they did, believing him to be the Messiah: and it is further to be observed, that the word here used, is said (r) to be proper to the dead, and not to the living; and that he that uses it of the living, speaks very inaccurately: but however, it was a festival, and a time of great mirth and jollity; and a proper opportunity offered to Herodias, to execute her malicious designs against John the Baptist; for at this time,

the daughter of Herodias danced before them: in the original text it is, "in the midst", in the middle of the hall; or in the midst of the company, the lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee, for whom Herod made a supper, Mark 6:21 and the Syriac renders it , "before the guests". Music and dancing were usual at such entertainments, they were the common appendages of a feast (s): the daughter of Herodias, who danced before the company for their diversion, whether alone, or with others, was very probably Salome (t), whom she had by her former husband; and therefore is called, not the daughter of Herod, but of Herodias:

and pleased Herod; and as Mark adds, "and them that sat with him"; so that the pleasure he had did not arise merely from the respect and honour shown to him and his birthday, by her appearing with so much cheerfulness on this occasion before him; who had taken her father's wife from him, and defiled her mother; but from the airs, gestures, and motions of the lady in dancing; which were so extremely fine and regular, that she gave wonderful satisfaction and delight to Herod, and the whole company.

(n) Herodot. l. 1. c. 133. & 9. c. 109. (o) Plin. Ephesians 1. 10. Ephesians 61. (p) Misn. Avoda Zara, c. 1. sect. 3.((q) Persius, Satyr. 5. prope finem. (r) Ammonius, &c. in lit. (s) Alex. ab Alex. Genial. Dier. l. 2. c. 25. (t) Joseph. Antiqu. l. 18. c. 6. 14:1-12 The terror and reproach of conscience, which Herod, like other daring offenders, could not shake off, are proofs and warnings of a future judgment, and of future misery to them. But there may be the terror of convictions, where there is not the truth of conversion. When men pretend to favour the gospel, yet live in evil, we must not favour their self-delusion, but must deliver our consciences as John did. The world may call this rudeness and blind zeal. False professors, or timid Christians, may censure it as want of civility; but the most powerful enemies can go no further than the Lord sees good to permit. Herod feared that the putting of John to death might raise a rebellion among the people, which it did not; but he never feared it might stir up his own conscience against him, which it did. Men fear being hanged for what they do not fear being damned for. And times of carnal mirth and jollity are convenient times for carrying on bad designs against God's people. Herod would profusely reward a worthless dance, while imprisonment and death were the recompence of the man of God who sought the salvation of his soul. But there was real malice to John beneath his consent, or else Herod would have found ways to get clear of his promise. When the under shepherds are smitten, the sheep need not be scattered while they have the Great Shepherd to go to. And it is better to be drawn to Christ by want and loss, than not to come to him at all.
Jump to Previous
Birthday Birth-Day Celebrated Company Danced Dancing Daughter Herod Herodias Hero'di-As Herod's Kept Midst Please Pleased
Jump to Next
Birthday Birth-Day Celebrated Company Danced Dancing Daughter Herod Herodias Hero'di-As Herod's Kept Midst Please Pleased
Links
Matthew 14:6 NIV
Matthew 14:6 NLT
Matthew 14:6 ESV
Matthew 14:6 NASB
Matthew 14:6 KJV

Matthew 14:6 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 14:6 Chinese Bible
Matthew 14:6 French Bible
Matthew 14:6 German Bible

Alphabetical: and before birthday But came danced daughter for Herod Herodias Herod's much of On pleased so the them when

NT Gospels: Matthew 14:6 But when Herod's birthday came the daughter (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Matthew 14:5
Top of Page
Top of Page