2 Samuel 6:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Wearing a linen ephod, David was dancing before the LORD with all his might,

New Living Translation
And David danced before the LORD with all his might, wearing a priestly garment.

English Standard Version
And David danced before the LORD with all his might. And David was wearing a linen ephod.

New American Standard Bible
And David was dancing before the LORD with all his might, and David was wearing a linen ephod.

King James Bible
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David was dancing with all his might before the LORD wearing a linen ephod.

International Standard Version
dancing in front of the LORD with all of his strength and wearing a linen ephod.

NET Bible
Now David, wearing a linen ephod, was dancing with all his strength before the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Wearing a linen ephod, David danced in the LORD's presence with all his might.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And David danced before the LORD with all his might, and David was girded with a linen ephod.

King James 2000 Bible
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was wearing a linen ephod.

American King James Version
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

American Standard Version
And David danced before Jehovah with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David danced with all his might before the Lord: and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Darby Bible Translation
And David danced before Jehovah with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

English Revised Version
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

World English Bible
David danced before Yahweh with all his might; and David was clothed in a linen ephod.

Young's Literal Translation
And David is dancing with all strength before Jehovah, and David is girded with a linen ephod,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:12-19 It became evident, that happy was the man who had the ark near him. Christ is indeed a Stone of stumbling, and a Rock of offence, to those that are disobedient; but to those that believe, he is a Corner-stone, elect, precious, 1Pe 2:6-8. Let us be religious. Is the ark a blessing to others' houses? We may have it, and the blessing of it, without fetching it away from our neighbours. David, at first setting out, offered sacrifices to God. We are likely to speed in our enterprises, when we begin with God, and give diligence to seek peace with him. And we are so unworthy, and our services are so defiled, that all our joy in God must be connected with repentance and faith in the Redeemer's atoning blood. David attended with high expressions of joy. We ought to serve God with our whole body and soul, and with every endowment and power we possess. On this occasion David laid aside his royal robes, and put on a plain linen dress. David prayed with and for the people, and as a prophet, solemnly blessed them in the name of the Lord.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - And David danced. The word used means the springing round in half circles to the sound of music. Conder has given a very interesting account of the dancing of the Malawiyeh, which consisted in turning round in whole circles, resting on the heel of the left foot ('Herb and Moab,' p. 65, etc.). As David danced with all his might, he was evidently strongly excited with religious fervour. We have the expression of his feelings in the psalm composed for this occasion (1 Chronicles 16:7-36); subsequently it seems to have been rearranged for the temple service, as it is broken up into Psalm 96. and Psalms 105:1-15. Dancing was usually the office of the women (Exodus 15:20; Judges 11:35; Judges 21:21; 1 Samuel 18:6); but men may also have often taken part in it, as Michal's objection was that it was unbefitting a king. David was girded with a linen ephod. David wore this as a tightly fitting garment, which left him free to exert himself in the dance. So far from the use of it being an assumption of the priestly office, it was regarded by Michal as an act of humiliation, as it was a dress worn even by a child when admitted to service in a priest's family (1 Samuel 2:18). Probably David did mean to rank himself for the time among the inferior servitors of the ark. He might have claimed more. In the theocracy he was the representative of Jehovah, and his anointing was a solemn consecration to a religious office. To have burned incense or offered sacrifice would have been to invade the priestly office, an office parallel to "the administration of the Word and the sacraments," denied, in the Thirty-Seventh Article of the Church of England, to princes. To wear the garb of a servitor was to do honour both to Jehovah and to his priests.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And David danced before the Lord with all his might,.... That is, before the ark of the Lord; not a set dance, or along with others; but he leaped and skipped as "car", a lamb, does, and that for joy that the ark was like to be brought home to his house, without any token of the divine displeasure, as before; the Targum is,"he praised before the Lord with all his might;''exerted himself to the uttermost in singing the praises of God vocally, or by playing on an instrument; to which sense are the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions, which is approved of by Castel (p); who observes, it nowhere appears to have been a custom to dance before the ark; but it might be now done, though not usual, and therefore was observed by Michal with contempt, 2 Samuel 6:16; a later writer (q) shows that dancing is the proper sense of the word:

and David was girded with a linen ephod; which others, besides priests, sometimes wore, as Samuel did, and which David might choose to appear in, rather than in his royal robes, as being more agreeable to the service of God, and lighter for him both to walk and dance in on this occasion.

(p) Lexic. col. 1793. (q) Hackman. Praecidan. Sacr. p. 156, 157.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14. David danced before the Lord—The Hebrews, like other ancient people, had their sacred dances, which were performed on their solemn anniversaries and other great occasions of commemorating some special token of the divine goodness and favor.

with all his might—intimating violent efforts of leaping, and divested of his royal mantle (in a state of undress), conduct apparently unsuitable to the gravity of age or the dignity of a king. But it was unquestionably done as an act of religious homage, his attitudes and dress being symbolic, as they have always been in Oriental countries, of penitence, joy, thankfulness, and devotion. [See on [265]1Ch 15:27.]

2 Samuel 6:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Ark Brought to Jerusalem
13And so it was, that when the bearers of the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed an ox and a fatling. 14And David was dancing before the LORD with all his might, and David was wearing a linen ephod. 15So David and all the house of Israel were bringing up the ark of the LORD with shouting and the sound of the trumpet.
Cross References
Exodus 15:20
Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron's sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels and dancing.

Exodus 15:21
Miriam sang to them: "Sing to the LORD, for he is highly exalted. Both horse and driver he has hurled into the sea."

Exodus 19:6
you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites."

Judges 11:34
When Jephthah returned to his home in Mizpah, who should come out to meet him but his daughter, dancing to the sound of timbrels! She was an only child. Except for her he had neither son nor daughter.

1 Samuel 2:18
But Samuel was ministering before the LORD--a boy wearing a linen ephod.

1 Samuel 2:28
I chose your ancestor out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, and to wear an ephod in my presence. I also gave your ancestor's family all the food offerings presented by the Israelites.

2 Samuel 6:15
while he and all Israel were bringing up the ark of the LORD with shouts and the sound of trumpets.

2 Samuel 6:20
When David returned home to bless his household, Michal daughter of Saul came out to meet him and said, "How the king of Israel has distinguished himself today, going around half-naked in full view of the slave girls of his servants as any vulgar fellow would!"

1 Chronicles 15:27
Now David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and as were the musicians, and Kenaniah, who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore a linen ephod.

Psalm 87:7
As they make music they will sing, "All my fountains are in you."

Psalm 149:3
Let them praise his name with dancing and make music to him with timbrel and harp.

Ezekiel 46:10
The prince is to be among them, going in when they go in and going out when they go out.
Treasury of Scripture

And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

danced

Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand…

Judges 11:34 And Jephthah came to Mizpeh to his house, and, behold, his daughter …

Judges 21:21 And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance …

Psalm 30:11 You have turned for me my mourning into dancing: you have put off …

Psalm 149:3 Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises to him …

Psalm 150:4 Praise him with the tambourine and dance: praise him with stringed …

Luke 15:25 Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came and drew near …

with all this

Deuteronomy 6:5 And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with …

Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with your might; for there …

Colossians 3:23 And whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not to men;

girded

1 Samuel 2:18,28 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with …

1 Samuel 22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn you, and fall on the priests. And …

1 Chronicles 15:27 And David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, and all the Levites …

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