Esther 1:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
At that time King Xerxes reigned from his royal throne in the citadel of Susa,

New Living Translation
At that time Xerxes ruled his empire from his royal throne at the fortress of Susa.

English Standard Version
in those days when King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne in Susa, the citadel,

New American Standard Bible
in those days as King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne which was at the citadel in Susa,

King James Bible
That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In those days King Ahasuerus reigned from his royal throne in the fortress at Susa.

International Standard Version
At that time King Ahasuerus was ruling from Susa the capital.

NET Bible
In those days, as King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne in Susa the citadel,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At the time when King Xerxes sat on the royal throne in the fortress of Susa,

Jubilee Bible 2000
That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan, the palace,

King James 2000 Bible
That in those days, when king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the citadel,

American King James Version
That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

American Standard Version
that in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

Douay-Rheims Bible
When he sat on the throne of his kingdom, the city Susan was the capital of his kingdom.

Darby Bible Translation
in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the fortress,

English Revised Version
that in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

Webster's Bible Translation
That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

World English Bible
that in those days, when the King Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

Young's Literal Translation
in those days, at the sitting of the king Ahasuerus on the throne of his kingdom, that is in Shushan the palace,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-9 The pride of Ahasuerus's heart rising with the grandeur of his kingdom, he made an extravagant feast. This was vain glory. Better is a dinner of herbs with quietness, than this banquet of wine, with all the noise and tumult that must have attended it. But except grace prevails in the heart, self-exaltation and self-indulgence, in one form or another, will be the ruling principle. Yet none did compel; so that if any drank to excess, it was their own fault. This caution of a heathen prince, even when he would show his generosity, may shame many called Christians, who, under pretence of sending the health round, send sin round, and death with it. There is a woe to them that do so; let them read it, and tremble, Hab 2:15,16.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - The throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan. Though the Persian court resided a part of the year at Ecbatana, and occasionally visited Persepolis and Babylon (Xen., 'Cyrop.,' 8:6, § 2; 'Anab.,' 3:5, § 15), yet Susa was decidedly the ordinary seat of government, and ranked as the capital of the empire (see Herod., 3:49; AEschyl., 'Pers.,' 11. 122, 123; Ctes., 'Exe. Pers.,' pessim, etc.). "Shushan the palace" is distinguished from Shushan the city (Esther 9:12-15), the one occupying a lofty but artificial eminence towards the west, while the other lay at the base of this mound, stretching out a considerable distance towards the east.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

That in those days, when the King Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom,.... Not only was placed upon it, but settled in it; after Xerxes had subdued Egypt, in the second year of his reign (e), and enjoyed great peace and tranquillity:

which was in Shushan the palace; that is, the throne of his kingdom was in Shushan, the royal city of the kings of Persia; of which see Gill on Nehemiah 1:1, Daniel 8:2.

(e) Herodot. ib. (Thalia, sive, l. 3.) c. 7.



Esther 1:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Xerxes' Royal Feasts
1Now it took place in the days of Ahasuerus, the Ahasuerus who reigned from India to Ethiopia over 127 provinces, 2in those days as King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne which was at the citadel in Susa, 3in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his princes and attendants, the army officers of Persia and Media, the nobles and the princes of his provinces being in his presence.…
Cross References
1 Kings 1:46
Moreover, Solomon has taken his seat on the royal throne.

Nehemiah 1:1
The words of Nehemiah son of Hakaliah: In the month of Kislev in the twentieth year, while I was in the citadel of Susa,

Esther 2:3
Let the king appoint commissioners in every province of his realm to bring all these beautiful young women into the harem at the citadel of Susa. Let them be placed under the care of Hegai, the king's eunuch, who is in charge of the women; and let beauty treatments be given to them.

Daniel 8:2
In my vision I saw myself in the citadel of Susa in the province of Elam; in the vision I was beside the Ulai Canal.
Treasury of Scripture

That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

sat.

2 Samuel 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD …

1 Kings 1:46 And also Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom.

Daniel 4:4 I Nebuchadnezzar was at rest in my house, and flourishing in my palace:

Shushan.

Esther 2:3 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom…

Esther 3:15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and …

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and …

Esther 9:12-15 And the king said to Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed …

Nehemiah 1:1 The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. And it came to pass in …

Daniel 8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was …

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