Esther 1:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For a full 180 days he displayed the vast wealth of his kingdom and the splendor and glory of his majesty.

New Living Translation
The celebration lasted 180 days--a tremendous display of the opulent wealth of his empire and the pomp and splendor of his majesty.

English Standard Version
while he showed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor and pomp of his greatness for many days, 180 days.

New American Standard Bible
And he displayed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days.

King James Bible
When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He displayed the glorious wealth of his kingdom and the magnificent splendor of his greatness for a total of 180 days.

International Standard Version
He displayed the enormous wealth of his kingdom, along with its splendid beauty and greatness for many days—for 180 days in all.

NET Bible
He displayed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor of his majestic greatness for a lengthy period of time--a hundred and eighty days, to be exact!

New Heart English Bible
He displayed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even one hundred eighty days.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He showed them the enormous wealth of his kingdom and the costly splendor of his greatness for many days, 180 to be exact.

JPS Tanakh 1917
when he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty, many days, even a hundred and fourscore days.

New American Standard 1977
And he displayed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days.

Jubilee Bible 2000
to show them the riches of the glory of his kingdom and the honour of beauty of his greatness for many days, even one hundred and eighty days.

King James 2000 Bible
When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even a hundred and fourscore days.

American King James Version
When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.

American Standard Version
when he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even a hundred and fourscore days.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That he might shew the riches of the glory of his kingdom, and the greatness, and boasting of his power, for a long time, to wit, for a hundred and fourscore days.

Darby Bible Translation
when he shewed the glorious wealth of his kingdom and the splendid magnificence of his grandeur many days, a hundred and eighty days.

English Revised Version
when he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days. t

Webster's Bible Translation
When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even a hundred and eighty days.

World English Bible
He displayed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even one hundred eighty days.

Young's Literal Translation
in his shewing the wealth of the honour of his kingdom, and the glory of the beauty of his greatness, many days -- eighty and a hundred days.
Study Bible
Xerxes' Royal Feasts
3in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his princes and attendants, the army officers of Persia and Media, the nobles and the princes of his provinces being in his presence. 4And he displayed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor of his great majesty for many days, 180 days. 5When these days were completed, the king gave a banquet lasting seven days for all the people who were present at the citadel in Susa, from the greatest to the least, in the court of the garden of the king's palace.…
Cross References
Esther 1:3
in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his princes and attendants, the army officers of Persia and Media, the nobles and the princes of his provinces being in his presence.

Esther 1:5
When these days were completed, the king gave a banquet lasting seven days for all the people who were present at the citadel in Susa, from the greatest to the least, in the court of the garden of the king's palace.
Treasury of Scripture

When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.

When he.

Isaiah 39:2 And Hezekiah was glad of them, and showed them the house of his precious …

Ezekiel 28:5 By your great wisdom and by your traffic have you increased your …

Daniel 4:30 The king spoke, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have …

the riches.

Psalm 76:1-4 In Judah is God known: his name is great in Israel…

Psalm 145:5,12,13 I will speak of the glorious honor of your majesty, and of your wondrous …

Daniel 2:37-44 You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given …

Daniel 7:9-14 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days …

Matthew 4:8 Again, the devil takes him up into an exceeding high mountain, and …

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For your …

Romans 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels …

Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know …

Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of …

Revelation 4:11 You are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for …

excellent.

1 Chronicles 29:11,12,25 Yours, O LORD is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and …

Job 40:10 Deck yourself now with majesty and excellency; and array yourself …

Psalm 21:5 His glory is great in your salvation: honor and majesty have you laid on him.

Psalm 45:3 Gird your sword on your thigh, O most mighty, with your glory and your majesty.

Psalm 93:1 The LORD reigns, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed …

Daniel 4:36 At the same time my reason returned to me; and for the glory of my …

Daniel 5:18 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, …

2 Peter 1:16,17 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known …

(4) An hundred and fourscore days.--As a period of mere feasting, this long time (half a year) is simply incredible, but we must understand it as a time during which troops were collected, and the plan of invasion settled.

Verse 4. - When he showed the riches. Ostentation was a main feature in the character of Xerxes. The huge army with which he invaded Greece was more for display than for service. Vain parade is apparent at every step of his expedition (Herod., 7:31, 40, 41, 44, 59, etc.). He now exhibits "the riches of his kingdom" to his nobles and chief officers, showing them doubtless all the splendours of the palace, the walls draped with gold (AEschyl., 'Pers.,' 50:161), the marble pillars and rich hangings, the golden plane tree and the golden vine (Herod., 7:27), and perhaps the ingots of gold wherewith Darius had filled the treasury (ibid. 3:96). An hundred and fourscore days. We need not suppose that the same persons were enter. tained during the whole of this period. All the provincial governors could not quit their provinces at the same time, nor could any of them remain away very long. There was no doubt a succession of guests during the six months that the entertainment lasted. When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom,.... Xerxes was the fourth king of the Persian monarchy, and was "far richer than all" that went before him, all their riches coming into his hands, Daniel 11:2, and now that prophecy began to be fulfilled, "that by his strength, through his riches, he should stir up all against the realm of Grecia"; which he began to do in the third year of his reign, and for which these his nobles might be called together, as to have their advice, so to animate them to come in the more readily into the expedition, by showing them the riches he was possessed of; for to none of the kings of Persia does this largeness of riches better belong than to Xerxes:

and the honour of his excellent majesty; the grandeur he lived in, the pomp and splendour of his court; he was the most grand and magnificent of all the kings of the Medes and Persians (i):

and this he did many days, even an hundred and fourscore days; to which seven more being added, as in the following verse, it made one hundred and eighty seven, the space of full six months; though some think the feast did not last so long, only seven days, and that the one hundred and eighty days were spent in preparing for it; but the Persian feasts were very long, large, and sumptuous. Dr. Frye (k) says, this custom of keeping an annual feast one hundred and eighty days still continues in Persia. Cheus (l), a Chinese emperor, used frequently to make a feast which lasted one hundred and twenty days; though it cannot be well thought that the same individual persons here were feasted so long, but, when one company was sufficiently treated, they removed and made way for another; and so it continued successively such a number of days as here related, which was six months, or half a year; a year then in use consisting of three hundred and sixty days, as was common with the Jews, and other nations, and so the Persians (m).

(i) Pausan. Laconica, sive, l. 3. p. 165. (k) Travels, p. 348. apud Patrick in loc. (l) In Martin. Sinic. Hist. l. 3. p. 78. (m) Prideaux's Connect. par. 1. p. 197. 1:1-9 The pride of Ahasuerus's heart rising with the grandeur of his kingdom, he made an extravagant feast. This was vain glory. Better is a dinner of herbs with quietness, than this banquet of wine, with all the noise and tumult that must have attended it. But except grace prevails in the heart, self-exaltation and self-indulgence, in one form or another, will be the ruling principle. Yet none did compel; so that if any drank to excess, it was their own fault. This caution of a heathen prince, even when he would show his generosity, may shame many called Christians, who, under pretence of sending the health round, send sin round, and death with it. There is a woe to them that do so; let them read it, and tremble, Hab 2:15,16.
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