Daniel 2:37
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Your Majesty, you are the king of kings. The God of heaven has given you dominion and power and might and glory;

New Living Translation
Your Majesty, you are the greatest of kings. The God of heaven has given you sovereignty, power, strength, and honor.

English Standard Version
You, O king, the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the might, and the glory,

New American Standard Bible
"You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength and the glory;

King James Bible
Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Your Majesty, you are king of kings. The God of heaven has given you sovereignty, power, strength, and glory.

International Standard Version
You, your majesty, king of kings—to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength, and the glory,

NET Bible
"You, O king, are the king of kings. The God of heaven has granted you sovereignty, power, strength, and honor.

New Heart English Bible
You, O king, are king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Your Majesty, you are the greatest king. The God of heaven has given you a kingdom. He has given you power, strength, and honor.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou, O king, king of kings, unto whom the God of heaven hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

New American Standard 1977
“You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength, and the glory;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou, O king, art king of kings, for the God of heaven has given thee the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the majesty.

King James 2000 Bible
You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

American King James Version
You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

American Standard Version
Thou, O king, art king of kings, unto whom the God of heaven hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou art a king of kings: and the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, and strength, and power, and glory:

Darby Bible Translation
Thou, O king, art a king of kings, unto whom the God of the heavens hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

English Revised Version
Thou, O king, art king of kings, unto whom the God of heaven hath given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

World English Bible
You, O king, are king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the strength, and the glory;

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou, O king, art a king of kings, for the God of the heavens a kingdom, strength, and might, and glory, hath given to thee;
Study Bible
Daniel Interprets the Dream
36"This was the dream; now we will tell its interpretation before the king. 37"You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength and the glory; 38and wherever the sons of men dwell, or the beasts of the field, or the birds of the sky, He has given them into your hand and has caused you to rule over them all. You are the head of gold.…
Cross References
2 Kings 25:28
and he spoke kindly to him and set his throne above the throne of the kings who were with him in Babylon.

Ezra 7:12
"Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace. And now

Psalm 62:11
Once God has spoken; Twice I have heard this: That power belongs to God;

Isaiah 47:5
"Sit silently, and go into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans, For you will no longer be called The queen of kingdoms.

Jeremiah 27:6
"Now I have given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, My servant, and I have given him also the wild animals of the field to serve him.

Jeremiah 27:7
"All the nations shall serve him and his son and his grandson until the time of his own land comes; then many nations and great kings will make him their servant.

Jeremiah 34:1
The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army, with all the kingdoms of the earth that were under his dominion and all the peoples, were fighting against Jerusalem and against all its cities, saying,

Ezekiel 26:7
For thus says the Lord GOD, "Behold, I will bring upon Tyre from the north Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, king of kings, with horses, chariots, cavalry and a great army.

Daniel 1:2
The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the vessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his god.

Daniel 2:44
"In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever.
Treasury of Scripture

You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

a king.

1 Kings 4:24 For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from …

Ezra 7:12 Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law …

Isaiah 10:8 For he said, Are not my princes altogether kings?

Isaiah 47:5 Sit you silent, and get you into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans: …

Jeremiah 27:6,7 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar …

Ezekiel 26:7 For thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring on Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar …

Hosea 8:10 Yes, though they have hired among the nations, now will I gather them…

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first …

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: …

the God.

Daniel 4:25,32 That they shall drive you from men, and your dwelling shall be with …

Daniel 5:18 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, …

2 Chronicles 36:23 Thus said Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth has …

Ezra 1:2 Thus said Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven has given …

Proverbs 8:15 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice.

Jeremiah 28:14 For thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; I have put a …

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING …

power.

Daniel 4:3,34 How great are his signs! and how mighty are his wonders! his kingdom …

Psalm 62:11 God has spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongs to God.

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For your …

John 19:11 Jesus answered, You could have no power at all against me, except …

Revelation 4:11 You are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for …

Revelation 5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive …

(37, 38) Interpretation of the vision. Nebuchadnezzar is the head; or, in other words, he is the first of the four kingdoms which are denoted by the image. His kingdom was the largest that the world had till then known; in fact, a writer cited by Josephus (Ap. i. 20), compares him to Hercules. We find a similar allusion to the beasts of the field as Nebuchadnezzar's servants Jeremiah 27:6; Jeremiah 28:14. The title of "king of kings" is also ascribed to Nebuchadnezzar by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 26:7). We are therefore left in no doubt as to what is meant by the first of the four empires. It is the Babylonian Empire, of which Nebuchadnezzar was in every sense the head, being the actual founder of it, and its mainstay during his long reign of forty-three years.

Verse 37. - Thou, O king, art a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory. The Septuagint renders the latter clause, "To thee the Lord of heaven gave the dominion, and the kingdom, and the might, and the honor, and the glory in all the earth (ἐν πάσῃ τῇ οἰκουμένῃ)." There appears here to be two cases of doublet; ἀρχὴ and βασιλεία are probably originally alternative renderings of malcutha, and τιμὴ and δόξα double renderings of yiqara. On this hypothesis there is only one Greek word for two Aramaic. We shall consider this later. Paulus Tellensis, in his translation of the Septuagint Version, draws the beginning of the next verse into connection with the final words of this verse as given here. The words, "in the whole earth," is a transference from the next verse. The rendering of Theodotion is, "Thou, O king, art a king of kings, to whom the God of heaven gave a strong and mighty and honourable kingdom," making thus hisna, toqpa, and yiqara adjectives of malcut a. But malcutha is feminine, and, if adjectives. hisna, etc., are masculine. The Peshitta differs from the Massoretic in leaving out one of the terms, "Thou, O king, art a king of kings; God most high (merima) a strong kingdom and glory has given to thee." Of course, the same objection holds to some extent against this version as against that of Theodotion, but it is to be noted that there are not two words conveying the same idea of strength. As there was only one in the Septuagint, we are inclined to think that toqpi must have been an addition. Jerome's rendering is, "Thou art a king of kings, and the God of heaven has given to thee the kingdom, and might, and dominion, and glory." There seems to be a transposition here. The general scope of this verse and the next is given in Jeremiah 27:5, 6. There is certainly high honour given to Nebuchadnezzar in this address, but, at the same time, he is warned that all his glory is bestowed upon him by the God of heaven. It is possible that Nebuchadnezzar interpreted the words as referring to Merodach, the god whom he specially worshipped, or regarded the God of heaven as only another of the gods many and lords many which, as a polytheist, he acknowledged. The title of the Babylonian king was shar-sharani," king of kings," and sharru-rabbu, "great king." Thus in this address the technical title is given him. The Babylonian monarchs assumed this from their Assyrian predecessors, as e.g. Asshurbanipal (Smith, 'History,' pp. 26, 73, 196). From the Babylonians it was passed on to the Persian monarchs. In Ezekiel 26:7 the prophet gives Nebuchadnezzar this title. As we find by the succeeding verse, the kingdom here is not mere royalty or kingship, but the special royalty of practically universal empire; that is to say, universal so far as the knowledge of the times went. Our rendering in the Authorized Version fails in accuracy, in not inserting the definite article, which is really implied in the sign of the status emphaticus. Luther makes the same mistake. Happily the Revisers have altered matters, and inserted "the," as does Behrmann. The Greek Version and Peshitta are accurate in this. The word translated "power," חִסְנָא (his'na), is consonantly present in both dialects of more recent Aramaic. Thou, O king, art a king of kings,.... Having many kings subject and tributary to him, or would have; as the kings of Judah, Ammon, Moab, and others, and who were even his captives and prisoners; see Jeremiah 52:32. Jarchi and Saadiah join this with the next clause, "the God of heaven", and interpret it of him thus, thou, O King Nebuchadnezzar, "the King of kings, who is the God of heaven, hath given unto thee", &c.; so some in the Talmud understand it of God (k); but this is contrary to the accents:

for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory; that is, a very powerful, strong, and glorious kingdom, famous for its mighty armies, strong fortresses, and great riches, from all which the king had great honour and glory; and this he had not by his ancestors, or his own military skill and prowess, but by the favour and gift of God.

(k) T. Bab. Shebuot, fol. 35. 2.37. Thou … art a king of kings—The committal of power in fullest plenitude belongs to Nebuchadnezzar personally, as having made Babylon the mighty empire it was. In twenty-three years after him the empire was ended: with him its greatness is identified (Da 4:30), his successors having done nothing notable. Not that he actually ruled every part of the globe, but that God granted him illimitable dominion in whatever direction his ambition led him, Egypt, Nineveh, Arabia, Syria, Tyre, and its Phoenician colonies (Jer 27:5-8). Compare as to Cyrus, Ezr 1:2.2:31-45 This image represented the kingdoms of the earth, that should successively rule the nations, and influence the affairs of the Jewish church. 1. The head of gold signified the Chaldean empire, then in being. 2. The breast and arms of silver signified the empire of the Medes and Persians. 3. The belly and thighs of brass signified the Grecian empire, founded by Alexander. 4. The legs and feet of iron signified the Roman empire. The Roman empire branched into ten kingdoms, as the toes of these feet. Some were weak as clay, others strong as iron. Endeavours have often been used to unite them, for strengthening the empire, but in vain. The stone cut out without hands, represented the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, which should be set up in the kingdoms of the world, upon the ruins of Satan's kingdom in them. This was the Stone which the builders refused, because it was not cut out by their hands, but it is become the head stone of the corner. Of the increase of Christ's government and peace there shall be no end. The Lord shall reign, not only to the end of time, but when time and days shall be no more. As far as events have gone, the fulfilling this prophetic vision has been most exact and undeniable; future ages shall witness this Stone destroying the image, and filling the whole earth.
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