Esther 1
International Standard Version

The Wealth of King Ahasuerus

1This is a record ofa what happened during the reignb of Ahasuerus,c the Ahasuerus who ruled over 127 provinces from India to Cush.d 2At that time King Ahasuerus was ruling frome Susa the capital.f 3In the third year of his reign, he gave a banquet for all his officials and ministers,g and the military leadersh of Persia and Media, the nobles, and the provincial officials were present.i 4He displayed the enormous wealth of his kingdom, along with its splendid beauty and greatness for many days—for 180 days in all.j

The Banquet of King Ahasuerus

5When those days were over, the king held a seven-day banquet in the courtyard of the garden of hisk palace for all the people who were present in Susa the capital, from the greatest to the least important. 6There were curtains of white and blue linen tied with cords of fine linen and purple materiall to silver rings onm marble columns. There were couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and other precious stones. 7Drinks were served in gold vessels of various kinds, and there was plenty of royal wine because the king was generous.n 8According to the king’so decree the drinking was not compulsory because the king instructedp every steward in his house to serve each individual what he desired. 9Queen Vashti also held a banquet in the royal palace of King Ahasuerus for the women.

Vashti Refuses to Obey the King

10A week later, when the king was under the influence of all that wine,q he ordered Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven eunuchs who served King Ahasuerus, 11to bring Queen Vashti to the king, wearingr the royal crown to display her beauty to the people and the officials, since she was lovely to look at. 12Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s order that was brought by the eunuchs.

The King Removes Vashti as Queen

Then the king flew into a rage. 13The king spoke to the wise men who understood the times, for it was the king’s custom to consults all those who understood law and justice. 14(His closest adviserst were: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media who had direct accessu to the king and who held the highest rankv in the kingdom.) 15The king inquired,w “According to law, what should be done to Queen Vashti because she did not obey the order of King Ahasuerus that was delivered by the eunuchs?”

16Then Memucan replied in the presence of the king and his officials, “It is not the king alone whom Vashti has wronged, but rather all of the officials and all of the people who are in the provinces of King Ahasuerus. 17When the report about the queen goes out to all the women, it will cause them to despise their husbands.x They’ll say, ‘King Ahasuerus ordered Queen Vashti to be brought before him, but she wouldn’t come.’ 18This very day the wives of the officialsy of Persia and Media who hear the report about the queen will speak in the same way to all the officials of the king, and there will be more than enough contempt and anger. 19If it seems good to the king, let a royal decree go out from him and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media, which cannot be repealed, that Vashti is never again to enter the presence of King Ahasuerus. Let the king give her royal position to another woman who is better than she. 20When the edict of the king that he issues is heard throughout his kingdom—for it’s vast—then all the women will give honor to their husbands, from the greatest to the least important.”

21This seemed like a good ideaz to the king and his officials, so the king did what Memucan suggested.aa 22He sent letters to all the provinces of the king, written in the script of that province,bb and to each people in their own language, ordering that every man should be the master in his house and speak the language of his own people.


Footnotes:
a 1:1 The Heb. lacks a record of
b 1:1 Lit. days
c 1:1 Or possibly Xerxes, and so throughout the book
d 1:1 i.e. the upper Nile region
e 1:2 Lit. was sitting on his royal throne in
f 1:2 Or Susa the fortress, and so throughout the book
g 1:3 Or his servants
h 1:3 Lit. army
i 1:3 Lit. before him
j 1:4 The Heb. lacks in all
k 1:5 Lit. the king’s
l 1:6 The Heb. lacks material
m 1:6 Lit. and
n 1:7 Lit. wine according to the hand of the king
o 1:8 The Heb. lacks king’s
p 1:8 Lit. established
q 1:10 Lit. the heart of the king was happy with wine
r 1:11 Lit. with
s 1:13 Lit. to speak before
t 1:14 Lit. Those closest to him
u 1:14 Lit. saw the face of
v 1:14 Lit. sat first in the kingdom
w 1:15 The Heb. lacks The king inquired
x 1:17 Lit. husbands in their eyes
y 1:18 Or women of nobility
z 1:21 The Heb. lacks idea
aa 1:21 Lit. according to the word of Memucan
bb 1:22 Lit. to each province according to its writing



The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
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