Esther 1:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and were closest to the king--Karshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memukan, the seven nobles of Persia and Media who had special access to the king and were highest in the kingdom.

New Living Translation
The names of these men were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan--seven nobles of Persia and Media. They met with the king regularly and held the highest positions in the empire.

English Standard Version
the men next to him being Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king’s face, and sat first in the kingdom):

New American Standard Bible
and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had access to the king's presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom--

King James Bible
And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The most trusted ones were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan. They were the seven officials of Persia and Media who had personal access to the king and occupied the highest positions in the kingdom.

International Standard Version
(His closest advisers were: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media who had direct access to the king and who held the highest rank in the kingdom.)

NET Bible
Those who were closest to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan. These men were the seven officials of Persia and Media who saw the king on a regular basis and had the most prominent offices in the kingdom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
from those closest to him-Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan. These seven officials of the Persians and Medes had access to the king and held the highest rank in the kingdom. The king asked these wise men who knew the times,

JPS Tanakh 1917
and the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat the first in the kingdom:

New American Standard 1977
and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had access to the king’s presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom—

Jubilee Bible 2000
and the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat first in the kingdom;)

King James 2000 Bible
And next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat first in the kingdom;)

American King James Version
And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

American Standard Version
and the next unto him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom),

Douay-Rheims Bible
(Now the chief and nearest him were, Charsena, and Sethar, and Admatha, and Tharsis, and Mares, and Marsana, and Mamuchan, seven princes of the Persians, and of the Medes, who saw the face of the king, and were used to sit first after him :)

Darby Bible Translation
and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, [and] Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat first in the kingdom),

English Revised Version
and the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom:)

Webster's Bible Translation
And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat the first in the kingdom;)

World English Bible
and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom),

Young's Literal Translation
and he who is near unto him is Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, Memucan, seven heads of Persia and Media seeing the face of the king, who are sitting first in the kingdom --
Study Bible
Queen Vashti Deposed
13Then the king said to the wise men who understood the times-- for it was the custom of the king so to speak before all who knew law and justice 14and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had access to the king's presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom-- 15"According to law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti, because she did not obey the command of King Ahasuerus delivered by the eunuchs?"…
Word Study

And the next
qarowb  (kaw-robe')
near (in place, kindred or time)

unto him was Carshena
Karshna'  (kar-shen-aw')
Karshena, a courtier of Xerxes -- Carshena.

Shethar
Shethar  (shay-thawr')
Shethar, a Persian satrap -- Shethar.

Admatha
'Admatha'  (ad-maw-thaw')
Admatha.

Tarshish
Tarshiysh  (tar-sheesh')
Tarshish, a place on the Mediterranean, hence, the ephithet of a merchant vessel (as if for or from that port); also the name of a Persian and of an Israelite

Meres
Merec  (meh'-res)
Meres, a Persian -- Meres.

Marsena
Marcna'  (mar-sen-aw')
Marsena, a Persian -- Marsena.

and Memucan
Mmuwkan  (mem-oo-kawn')
of Persian derivation; Memucan or Momucan, a Persian satrap -- Memucan.

the seven
sheba`  (sheh'-bah)
a primitive cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adverbially) seven times; by implication, a week; by extension, an indefinite number

princes
sar  (sar)
a head person (of any rank or class) -- captain (that had rule), chief (captain), general, governor, keeper, lord, (-task-)master, prince(-ipal), ruler, steward.

of Persia
Parac  (paw-ras')
Paras (i.e. Persia), an Eastern country, including its inhabitants -- Persia, Persians.

and Media
Maday  (maw-dah'-ee)
Madai, a country of central Asia -- Madai, Medes, Media.

which saw
ra'ah  (raw-aw')
to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative)surely, think, view, visions.

the king's
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.

face
paniym  (paw-neem')
the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.)

and which sat
yashab  (yaw-shab')
to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry

the first
ri'shown  (ree-shone')
first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun) -- ancestor, (that were) before(-time), beginning, eldest, first, fore(-father) (-most), former (thing), of old time, past.

in the kingdom
malkuwth  (mal-kooth')
a rule; concretely, a dominion -- empire, kingdom, realm, reign, royal.

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
1:10-22 Ahasuerus's feast ended in heaviness, by his own folly. Seasons of peculiar festivity often end in vexation. Superiors should be careful not to command what may reasonably be disobeyed. But when wine is in, men's reason departs from them. He that had rule over 127 provinces, had no rule over his own spirit. But whether the passion or the policy of the king was served by this decree, God's providence made way for Esther to the crown, and defeated Haman's wicked project, even before it had entered into his heart, and he arrived at his power. Let us rejoice that the Lord reigns, and will overrule the madness or folly of mankind to promote his own glory, and the safety and happiness of his people.
Cross References
Matthew 18:10
See that you do not look down on any of these little ones. For I tell you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father in heaven.

2 Kings 25:19
From the city he took one official who was overseer of the men of war, and five of the king's advisers who were found in the city; and the scribe of the captain of the army who mustered the people of the land; and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the city.

Esther 1:15
"According to law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti, because she did not obey the command of King Ahasuerus delivered by the eunuchs?"

Jeremiah 52:25
He also took from the city one official who was overseer of the men of war, and seven of the king's advisers who were found in the city, and the scribe of the commander of the army who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the midst of the city.
Treasury of Scripture

And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

the seven.

Ezra 7:14 For as much as you are sent of the king, and of his seven counsellors, …

saw.

2 Kings 25:19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men …

Matthew 18:10 Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones; for I say to you…

Revelation 22:4 And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.

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OT History: Esther 1:14 And the next to him were Carshena (Est Esth. Es) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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