Esther 2:19
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When the virgins were assembled a second time, Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate.

New Living Translation
Even after all the young women had been transferred to the second harem and Mordecai had become a palace official,

English Standard Version
Now when the virgins were gathered together the second time, Mordecai was sitting at the king’s gate.

New American Standard Bible
When the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate.

King James Bible
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the young women were assembled together for a second time, Mordecai was sitting at the King's Gate.

International Standard Version
When the virgins were gathered a second time, Mordecai was sitting in the king's gate.

NET Bible
Now when the young women were being gathered again, Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate.

New Heart English Bible
When the virgins were gathered together the second time, Mordecai was sitting in the king's gate.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the virgins were gathered a second time, Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, and Mordecai sat in the king's gate--

New American Standard 1977
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai was sitting at the king’s gate.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

American King James Version
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

American Standard Version
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai was sitting in the king's gate.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the virgins were sought the second time, and gathered together, Mardochai stayed at the king's gate,

Darby Bible Translation
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

English Revised Version
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the virgins were assembled the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

World English Bible
When the virgins were gathered together the second time, Mordecai was sitting in the king's gate.

Young's Literal Translation
And in the virgins being gathered a second time, then Mordecai is sitting in the gate of the king;
Study Bible
Esther Becomes Queen
18Then the king gave a great banquet, Esther's banquet, for all his princes and his servants; he also made a holiday for the provinces and gave gifts according to the king's bounty. 19When the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate. 20Esther had not yet made known her kindred or her people, even as Mordecai had commanded her; for Esther did what Mordecai told her as she had done when under his care.…
Cross References
Esther 2:3
"Let the king appoint overseers in all the provinces of his kingdom that they may gather every beautiful young virgin to the citadel of Susa, to the harem, into the custody of Hegai, the king's eunuch, who is in charge of the women; and let their cosmetics be given them.

Esther 2:4
"Then let the young lady who pleases the king be queen in place of Vashti." And the matter pleased the king, and he did accordingly.

Esther 2:21
In those days, while Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate, Bigthan and Teresh, two of the king's officials from those who guarded the door, became angry and sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus.

Esther 3:2
All the king's servants who were at the king's gate bowed down and paid homage to Haman; for so the king had commanded concerning him. But Mordecai neither bowed down nor paid homage.

Esther 3:3
Then the king's servants who were at the king's gate said to Mordecai, "Why are you transgressing the king's command?"

Esther 5:9
Then Haman went out that day glad and pleased of heart; but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate and that he did not stand up or tremble before him, Haman was filled with anger against Mordecai.

Daniel 2:49
And Daniel made request of the king, and he appointed Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego over the administration of the province of Babylon, while Daniel was at the king's court.
Treasury of Scripture

And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

the virgins.

Esther 2:3,4 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom…

sat in the king's gate.

Esther 2:21 In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the …

Esther 3:2,3 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, …

Esther 5:13 Yet all this avails me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew …

(19) And when the virgins . . .--Here begins a fresh incident in the history, whose date we cannot fix precisely, save that it falls between the marriage of Esther and the twelfth year of Ahasuerus (Esther 3:7). The king "loved Esther above all the women," but how the word "love "is degraded in this connection is seen by the fact that after she had been his wife certainly less (possibly much less) than five years, there takes place a second gathering of virgins (there is no article in the Hebrew), like the one previously mentioned (Esther 2:2). We should treat Esther 2:20 as parenthetical, and join Esther 2:21 closely to Esther 2:19.

Then Mordecai sat.--Translate, and Mordecai was sitting.

Verse 19. - When the virgins were gathered together. Rather, "When virgins." There is no article. The fact seems to be mentioned simply as furnishing a date, and we must suppose both that there was a second gathering, and that the time when it happened was generally known to the Jews and Persians. Then Mordecai sat, etc. The three verses, 19, 20, 21, hang together, and form a single sentence: "When virgins were gathered together a second time, and Mordecai was sitting in the king's gate - now Esther had not showed her kindred or her people, as Mordecai had charged her; for Esther did the command of Mordecai like as when she was brought up with him - in those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, Bigthan and Teresh, two of the king's eunuchs, being of the number of them which kept the threshold, were wroth," etc. And when the virgins were gathered together the second time,.... Some think this second collection is that which was made when Esther was taken and brought to the keeper of the women, called the second, in reference to a former collection of them, made when Vashti was taken and made queen; but as there is no proof of any such collection then made, rather the case was this, such was the lust of the king, though he had a queen he loved, and a multitude of concubine's, yet a second collection of virgins was made for his gratification:

then Mordecai sat in the king's gate; or court, being an officer in it, promoted by the interest of Esther, though not as yet known to be a relation of her's: so in Xenophon (z) is used of the court of the king of Persia, as the Ottoman or Turkish court is now called the "Porte".

(z) Cyropaedia, l. 8. c. 2, 5, 11, 40. 2:1-20 We see to what absurd practices those came, who were destitute of Divine revelation, and what need there was of the gospel of Christ, to purify men from the lusts of the flesh, and to bring them back to the original institution of marriage. Esther was preferred as queen. Those who suggest that Esther committed sin to come at this dignity, do not consider the custom of those times and countries. Every one that the king took was married to him, and was his wife, though of a lower rank. But how low is human nature sunk, when such as these are the leading pursuits and highest worldly happiness of men! Disappointment and vexation must follow; and he most wisely consults his enjoyment, even in this present life, who most exactly obeys the precepts of the Divine law. But let us turn to consider the wise and merciful providence of God, carrying on his deep but holy designs in the midst of all this. And let no change in our condition be a pretext for forgetting our duties to parents, or the friends who have stood in their place.
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