Ruth 4:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So the guardian-redeemer said to Boaz, "Buy it yourself." And he removed his sandal.

New Living Translation
So the other family redeemer drew off his sandal as he said to Boaz, "You buy the land."

English Standard Version
So when the redeemer said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself,” he drew off his sandal.

New American Standard Bible
So the closest relative said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." And he removed his sandal.

King James Bible
Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the redeemer removed his sandal and said to Boaz, "Buy back the property yourself."

International Standard Version
So when the nearer related redeemer told Boaz, "Make the purchase yourself," he then took off his sandal.

NET Bible
So the guardian said to Boaz, "You may acquire it," and he removed his sandal.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So when the man said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself," he took off his sandal.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore, the former owner of the right of redemption said unto Boaz, Buy it thyself. So he drew off his shoe.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for yourself. So he took off his shoe.

American King James Version
Therefore the kinsman said to Boaz, Buy it for you. So he drew off his shoe.

American Standard Version
So the near kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thyself. And he drew off his shoe.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So Booz said to his kinsman: Put off thy shoe. And immediately he took it off from his foot.

Darby Bible Translation
And he that had the right of redemption said to Boaz, Buy for thyself; and he drew off his sandal.

English Revised Version
So the near kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thyself. And he drew off his shoe.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the kinsman said to Boaz, Buy it for thyself. So he drew off his shoe.

World English Bible
So the near kinsman said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." He took off his shoe.

Young's Literal Translation
And the redeemer saith to Boaz, 'Buy it for thyself,' and draweth off his sandal.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-8 This matter depended on the laws given by Moses about inheritances, and doubtless the whole was settled in the regular and legal manner. This kinsman, when he heard the conditions of the bargain, refused it. In like manner many are shy of the great redemption; they are not willing to espouse religion; they have heard well of it, and have nothing to say against it; they will give it their good word, but they are willing to part with it, and cannot be bound to it, for fear of marring their own inheritance in this world. The right was resigned to Boaz. Fair and open dealing in all matters of contract and trade, is what all must make conscience of, who would approve themselves true Israelites, without guile. Honesty will be found the best policy.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - And the kinsman said to Boaz, Acquire for thyself; and drew off his shoe. On the instant that he said, "Acquire for thyself," viz., the land with its living appurtenant, he drew off his shoe and presented it. Josephus allowed his imagination to run off with his memory when, mixing up the historical case before us with the details of the ancient Levirate law (Deuteronomy 25:7-9), which were, in later times at all events, more honored in the breach than in the observance, he represents Boaz as "bidding the woman loose the man's shoe and spit in his face." The actual ceremony was not an insult, but a graphic and inoffensive attestation. Yet it gradually wore out and was superseded. No vestige of it remained in the days of the writer, and the Chaldea Targumist seems to have been scarcely able to realize that such a custom could ever have existed, he represents the anonymous kinsman as drawing off his "right-hand glove" and handing it to Boas. But take note of the German word for "glove," viz., Hand. schuh (a hand-shoe).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, buy it for me,.... Which is repeated to show he gave his full consent to it, that he should make the purchase of it if he pleased, and which he confirmed by the following rite:

so he drew off his shoe; thereby signifying that he relinquished his right to the purchase of the estate, and ceded it to him; the Targum has it,"and Boaz drew off the glove off his right hand, and bought it of him;''and so Aben Ezra,"and Boaz drew off his shoe, and gave it to his kinsman,''as if this was some acknowledgment for yielding his right unto him; and about this there is a great dissension among the Jewish writers (l); one says it was the shoe of Boaz that was plucked off; another says it was the shoe of the kinsman; which latter seems most correct: and it may be observed, that this custom is different from what is enjoined Deuteronomy 25:6 there the woman was to pluck off the shoe of him that refused to marry her, but here the man plucked off his own shoe, who chose not to redeem; nor is there mention of spitting in his face; nor does it appear that Ruth did the one or the other; though Josephus (m) affirms it, and says, that she both plucked off his shoe, and spit in his face; neither of which are mentioned.

(l) Midrash Ruth, fol. 35. 2.((m) Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 5. c. 9. sect. 4.)



Ruth 4:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
Boaz Redeems Ruth
7Now this was the custom in former times in Israel concerning the redemption and the exchange of land to confirm any matter: a man removed his sandal and gave it to another; and this was the manner of attestation in Israel. 8So the closest relative said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." And he removed his sandal. 9Then Boaz said to the elders and all the people, "You are witnesses today that I have bought from the hand of Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion and Mahlon.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 25:9
his brother's widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals, spit in his face and say, "This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother's family line."

Ruth 4:7
(Now in earlier times in Israel, for the redemption and transfer of property to become final, one party took off his sandal and gave it to the other. This was the method of legalizing transactions in Israel.)

Ruth 4:9
Then Boaz announced to the elders and all the people, "Today you are witnesses that I have bought from Naomi all the property of Elimelek, Kilion and Mahlon.
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore the kinsman said to Boaz, Buy it for you. So he drew off his shoe.

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