Esther 1:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But when the attendants delivered the king's command, Queen Vashti refused to come. Then the king became furious and burned with anger.

New Living Translation
But when they conveyed the king's order to Queen Vashti, she refused to come. This made the king furious, and he burned with anger.

English Standard Version
But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s command delivered by the eunuchs. At this the king became enraged, and his anger burned within him.

New American Standard Bible
But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command delivered by the eunuchs. Then the king became very angry and his wrath burned within him.

King James Bible
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command that was delivered by his eunuchs. The king became furious and his anger burned within him.

International Standard Version
Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's order that was brought by the eunuchs. Then the king flew into a rage.

NET Bible
But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's bidding conveyed through the eunuchs. Then the king became extremely angry, and his rage consumed him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But Queen Vashti refused the king's command that the eunuchs delivered to her. As a result, the king became very angry, and his rage burned inside him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's word by his eunuchs; therefore, the king was very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

King James 2000 Bible
But queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his eunuchs: therefore was the king very angry, and his anger burned within him.

American King James Version
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

American Standard Version
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by the chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But she refused, and would not come at the king's commandment, which he had signified to her by the eunuchs. Whereupon the king, being angry, and inflamed with a very great fury,

Darby Bible Translation
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the word of the king which was [sent] by the chamberlains; and the king was very wroth, and his fury burned in him.

English Revised Version
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by the chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

World English Bible
But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by the eunuchs. Therefore the king was very angry, and his anger burned in him.

Young's Literal Translation
and the queen Vashti refuseth to come in at the word of the king that is by the hand of the eunuchs, and the king is very wroth, and his fury hath burned in him.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:10-22 Ahasuerus's feast ended in heaviness, by his own folly. Seasons of peculiar festivity often end in vexation. Superiors should be careful not to command what may reasonably be disobeyed. But when wine is in, men's reason departs from them. He that had rule over 127 provinces, had no rule over his own spirit. But whether the passion or the policy of the king was served by this decree, God's providence made way for Esther to the crown, and defeated Haman's wicked project, even before it had entered into his heart, and he arrived at his power. Let us rejoice that the Lord reigns, and will overrule the madness or folly of mankind to promote his own glory, and the safety and happiness of his people.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - But the queen Vashti refused. Vashti's refusal was morally quite justifiable. Neither a husband's nor a king's authority extends to the wanton requirement of acts that, if done, would disgrace the doer for life. Had Vashti complied, she would have lost the respect not only of the Persian nation, but of the king himself. Therefore was the king very wroth. Had Ahasuerus really loved his wife, or been a man of fair and equitable disposition, be would have excused her refusal, and felt that he had deserved the rebuff. But, not really loving her, and being of a hot and ungovernable temper, he was violently enraged with her, as he always was when anything fell out contrary to his wishes (see Herod., 7:11, 35, 39, etc.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But the queen refused to came at the king's commandment by his chamberlains,.... Even though he sent by them again, as the Targum; and so says Josephus (o); which might not purely arise from pride in her, and contempt of him, but because she might conclude he was drunk, and knew not well what he did; and therefore had she come at his command, when he was himself and sober, he might blame her for coming, nay, use her ill for it, and especially if she was to come naked, as say the Jews (p); and besides, it was contrary to the law of the Persians, as not only Josephus (q), but Plutarch (r) observes, which suffered not women to be seen in public; and particularly did not allow their wives to be with them at feasts, only their concubines and harlots, with whom they could behave with more indecency; as for their wives, they were kept out of sight, at home (s); and therefore Vashti might think it an indignity to be treated as an harlot or concubine:

therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him; which was the more fierce, as he was inflamed with wine.

(o) Antiqu. l. 11. c. 6. sect. 1.((p) Targum in loc. Midrash Esther, fol. 90. 1.((q) Antiqu. l. 11. c. 6. sect. 1.((r) In Themistoele. (s) Macrob. Saturnal. l. 7. c. 1.



Esther 1:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
Queen Vashti's Refusal
11to bring Queen Vashti before the king with her royal crown in order to display her beauty to the people and the princes, for she was beautiful. 12But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command delivered by the eunuchs. Then the king became very angry and his wrath burned within him.
Cross References
Esther 1:11
to bring before him Queen Vashti, wearing her royal crown, in order to display her beauty to the people and nobles, for she was lovely to look at.

Esther 1:13
Since it was customary for the king to consult experts in matters of law and justice, he spoke with the wise men who understood the times

Esther 7:7
The king got up in a rage, left his wine and went out into the palace garden. But Haman, realizing that the king had already decided his fate, stayed behind to beg Queen Esther for his life.
Treasury of Scripture

But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

the queen. This refusal of Vashti's to expose herself to the view of such a group of drunken Bacchanalians, was highly praiseworthy, and became the dignity of her rank and the modesty of her sex.

refused.

Genesis 3:16 To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your …

Ephesians 5:22,24 Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands, as to the Lord…

1 Peter 3:1 Likewise, you wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, …

by his chamberlains. Heb. which was by the hand of his eunuchs. was the king.

Proverbs 19:12 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as …

Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoever provokes …

Daniel 2:12 For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded …

Daniel 3:13,19 Then Nebuchadnezzar in his rage and fury commanded to bring Shadrach, …

Nahum 1:6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness …

Revelation 6:16,17 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from …

burned.

Exodus 32:19,22 And it came to pass, as soon as he came near to the camp, that he …

Deuteronomy 29:20 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his …

Psalm 74:1 O God, why have you cast us off for ever? why does your anger smoke …

Psalm 79:5 How long, LORD? will you be angry for ever? shall your jealousy burn like fire?

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OT History: Esther 1:12 But the queen Vashti refused to come (Est Esth. Es) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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