2264. Héródés
Strong's Concordance
Héródés: perhaps "son of a hero," Herod, the name of several kings of the Jews
Original Word: Ἡρῴδης, ου, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Transliteration: Héródés
Phonetic Spelling: (hay-ro'-dace)
Short Definition: Herod
Definition: Herod; four persons are called by this name: Herod the Great, Herod Antipas, Herod Agrippa, and Herod Agrippa the younger.
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
perhaps from hérós (hero) and a patronymic suff.
Definition
perhaps "son of a hero," Herod, the name of several kings of the Jews
NASB Translation
Herod (39), Herod's (4).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2264: Ἡρῴδης

Ἡρῴδης, Ἡρῴδου, (equivalent to ἡρωιδης, sprung from a hero: hence, the Etym. Magn., pp. 165, 43; 437, 56 directs it to be written Ἡρῴδης (so WH), as it is found also in certain inscriptions (cf. Lipsius, Gram. Unters., p. 9; WH. Introductory § 410; Tdf. Proleg. 109; Pape, Eigennamen, under the word)), Herod, the name of a royal family that flourished among the Jews in the time of Jesus and the apostles. In the N. T. are mentioned,

1. the one who gave the family its name, Herod surnamed the Great, a son of Antipater of Idumaea. Appointed king of Judaea in by the Roman senate at the suggestion of Antony and with the consent of Octavian, he at length overcame the great opposition which the country made to him and took possession of the kingdom in ; and, after the battle of Actium, he was confirmed in it by Octavian, whose favor he ever after enjoyed. He was brave and skilled in war, learned and sagacious; but also extremely suspicious and cruel. Hence, he destroyed the entire royal family of the Hasmonaeans, put to death many of the Jews that opposed his government, and proceeded to kill even his dearly beloved wife Mariamne of the Hasmonaean line and the two sons she had borne him. By these acts of bloodshed, and especially by his love and imitation of Roman customs and institutions and by the burdensome taxes imposed upon his subjects, he so alienated the Jews that he was unable to regain their favor by his splendid restoration of the temple and other acts of munificence. He died in the 70th year of his age, the 37th of his reign, the 4th before the Dionysian era. Cf. Josephus, Antiquities 14, 14, 4; 15, 6, 7; 7, 4; 8, 1; 16, 5, 4; 11, 6, etc. In his closing years John the Baptist and Christ were born, Matthew 2:1; Luke 1:5; Matthew narrates in chapter 2 (cf. Macrobius, sat. 2, 4) that he commanded the male children in Bethlehem from two years old and under to be slain. Cf. especially Keim in Schenkel 3:27ff; Schürer, Neutest. Zeitgesch. § 15, and the books there mentioned.

2. Herod surnamed Antipas, son of Herod the Great and Malthace, a Samaritan woman. After the death of his father he was appointed by the Romans tetrach of Galilee and Peraea. His first wife was a daughter of Aretas, king of Arabia; but he subsequently repudiated her and took to himself Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod (see Φίλιππος, 1); and in consequence Aretas, his father-in-law, made war against him and conquered him. He cast John the Baptist into prison because John had rebuked him for this unlawful connection; and afterward, at the instigation of Herodias, he ordered him to be beheaded. Induced by her, too, he went to Rome to obtain from the emperor the title of king. But in consequence of accusations brought against him by Herod Agrippa I., Caligula banished him (A.D. 39) to Lugdunum in Gaul, where he seems to have died. (On the statement of Josephus (b. j. 2, 9, 6) that he died in Spain see the conjecture in B. D. under the word .) He was light-minded, sensual, vicious (Josephus, Antiquities 17, 1, 3; 8, 1; 11, 4; 18, 5, 1; 7, 1f; b. j. 2, 9, 6). In the N. T. he is mentioned by the simple name of Herod in Matthew 14:1, 3, 6; Mark 6:16-18, 20-22; Mark 8:15; Luke 3:1, 19; Luke 8:3; Luke 9:7, 9; Luke 13:31; Luke 23:7f, 11f, 15; Acts 4:27; Acts 13:1; once, Mark 6:14, he is called βασιλεύς, either improperly, or in the sense of royal lineage (see βασιλεύς). Cf. Keim, the passage cited, p. 42ff; Schürer, the passage cited, p. 232ff

3. Herod Agrippa I (who is called by Luke simply Herod, by Josephus everywhere Agrippa), son of Aristobulus and Berenice, and grandson of Herod the Great. After various changes of fortune, he gained the favor of the emperors Caligula and Claudius to such a degree that he gradually obtained the government of all Palestine, with the title of king. He died at Caesarea, A.D. 44, at the age of 54, in the seventh (or 4th, reckoning from the extension of his dominions by Claudius) year of his reign (Josephus, Antiquities 17, 1, 2; 18, 6; 19, 4, 5; 6, 1; 7, 3; b. j. 2, 11, 6), just after having ordered James the apostle, son of Zebedee, to be slain, and Peter to be cast into prison: Acts 12:1, 6, 11, 19-21. Cf. Keim, the passage cited, p. 49ff; Schürer, the passage cited, p. 290ff; (Farrar, St. Paul, vol. ii. Excurs. vi.).

4. (Herod) Agrippa II, son of the preceding. When his father died he was a youth of seventeen. In A.D. 48 he received from Claudius Caesar the government of Chalcis, with the right of appointing the Jewish high priests, together with the care and oversight of the temple at Jerusalem. Four years later Claudius took from him Chalcis and gave him instead a larger dominion, viz. Batanaea, Trachonitis, and Gaulanitis, with the title of king. To these regions Nero, in A.D. 53, added Tiberias and Tarichaeae and the Peraean Julias, with fourteen neighboring villages. Cf. Josephus, Antiquities 19, 9, 1f; 20, 1, 3; 5, 2; 7, 1; 8, 4; b. j. 2, 12, 1 and 8. In the N. T. he is mentioned in Acts 25:13, 22-26; Acts 26:1f,(),. In the Jewish war, although, he strove in vain to restrain the fury of the seditious and bellicose populace, he did not desert the Roman side. After the fall of Jerusalem, he was vested with praetorian rank and kept the kingdom entire until his death, which took place in the third year of the emperor Trajan (the 73rd of his life, and 52nd of his reign). He was the last representative of the Herodian dynasty. Cf. Keim, the passage cited, p. 56ff; Schürer, the passage cited, p. 315ff (Less complete accounts of the family may he found in BB. DD.; Sieffert in Herzog edition 2 under the word; an extended narrative in Hausrath, Neutest. Zeitgesch. vol. i. Abschn. v. Cf. also Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, book ii., chapter ii. and Appendix iv.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
Herod.

Compound of heros (a "hero") and eidos; heroic; Herod, the name of four Jewish kings -- Herod.

see GREEK eidos

Forms and Transliterations
Ηρωδη Ἡρῴδῃ Ηρωδην Ἡρῴδην Ηρωδης Ἡρῴδης Ηρωδου Ἡρῴδου erode Ērōdē eroden Ērōdēn erodes Ērōdēs erodou Ērōdou Herode Hērōdē Heroden Hērōdēn Herodes Hērōdēs Herodou Hērōdou Herṓidei Hērṓidēi Herṓiden Hērṓidēn Herṓides Hērṓidēs Herṓidou Hērṓidou
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 2264
43 Occurrences


Ἡρῴδῃ — 3 Occ.
Ἡρῴδην — 2 Occ.
Ἡρῴδης — 25 Occ.
Ἡρῴδου — 13 Occ.

Matthew 2:1 N-GMS
GRK: ἐν ἡμέραις Ἡρῴδου τοῦ βασιλέως
NAS: in the days of Herod the king,
KJV: in the days of Herod the king, behold,
INT: in [the] days of Herod the king

Matthew 2:3 N-NMS
GRK: ὁ βασιλεὺς Ἡρῴδης ἐταράχθη καὶ
NAS: When Herod the king heard
KJV: When Herod the king had heard
INT: the king Herod he was troubled and

Matthew 2:7 N-NMS
GRK: Τότε Ἡρῴδης λάθρᾳ καλέσας
NAS: Then Herod secretly called
KJV: Then Herod, when he had privily called
INT: Then Herod secretly having called

Matthew 2:12 N-AMS
GRK: ἀνακάμψαι πρὸς Ἡρῴδην δι' ἄλλης
NAS: not to return to Herod, the magi left
KJV: return to Herod, they departed into
INT: to return to Herod by another

Matthew 2:13 N-NMS
GRK: μέλλει γὰρ Ἡρῴδης ζητεῖν τὸ
NAS: I tell you; for Herod is going
KJV: word: for Herod will seek
INT: is about for Herod to seek the

Matthew 2:15 N-GMS
GRK: τῆς τελευτῆς Ἡρῴδου ἵνα πληρωθῇ
NAS: the death of Herod. [This was] to fulfill
KJV: the death of Herod: that
INT: the death of Herod that might be fulfilled

Matthew 2:16 N-NMS
GRK: Τότε Ἡρῴδης ἰδὼν ὅτι
NAS: Then when Herod saw
KJV: Then Herod, when he saw that
INT: Then Herod having seen that

Matthew 2:19 N-GMS
GRK: δὲ τοῦ Ἡρῴδου ἰδοὺ ἄγγελος
NAS: But when Herod died, behold,
KJV: But when Herod was dead, behold,
INT: moreover Herod behold an angel

Matthew 2:22 N-GMS
GRK: πατρὸς αὐτοῦ Ἡρῴδου ἐφοβήθη ἐκεῖ
NAS: of his father Herod, he was afraid
KJV: father Herod, he was afraid
INT: father of him Herod he was afraid there

Matthew 14:1 N-NMS
GRK: καιρῷ ἤκουσεν Ἡρῴδης ὁ τετραάρχης
NAS: At that time Herod the tetrarch heard
KJV: that time Herod the tetrarch heard
INT: time heard Herod the tetrarch

Matthew 14:3 N-NMS
GRK: Ὁ γὰρ Ἡρῴδης κρατήσας τὸν
NAS: For when Herod had John arrested,
KJV: For Herod had laid hold on John,
INT: For Herod having seized

Matthew 14:6 N-GMS
GRK: γενομένοις τοῦ Ἡρῴδου ὠρχήσατο ἡ
NAS: But when Herod's birthday came,
KJV: But when Herod's birthday was kept,
INT: having been celebrated of Herod danced the

Matthew 14:6 N-DMS
GRK: ἤρεσεν τῷ Ἡρῴδῃ
NAS: before [them] and pleased Herod,
KJV: and pleased Herod.
INT: pleased Herod

Mark 6:14 N-NMS
GRK: ὁ βασιλεὺς Ἡρῴδης φανερὸν γὰρ
NAS: And King Herod heard
KJV: And king Herod heard [of him]; (for
INT: the king Herod [of him] well known indeed

Mark 6:16 N-NMS
GRK: δὲ ὁ Ἡρῴδης ἔλεγεν Ὃν
NAS: But when Herod heard
KJV: But when Herod heard
INT: moreover Herod said Whom

Mark 6:17 N-NMS
GRK: γὰρ ὁ Ἡρῴδης ἀποστείλας ἐκράτησεν
NAS: For Herod himself had sent
KJV: For Herod himself had sent forth
INT: indeed Herod having sent seized

Mark 6:18 N-DMS
GRK: Ἰωάννης τῷ Ἡρῴδῃ ὅτι Οὐκ
NAS: had been saying to Herod, It is not lawful
KJV: John had said unto Herod, It is
INT: John to Herod not

Mark 6:20 N-NMS
GRK: ὁ γὰρ Ἡρῴδης ἐφοβεῖτο τὸν
NAS: for Herod was afraid of John,
KJV: For Herod feared John,
INT: indeed Herod feared

Mark 6:21 N-NMS
GRK: εὐκαίρου ὅτε Ἡρῴδης τοῖς γενεσίοις
NAS: came when Herod on his birthday gave
KJV: was come, that Herod on his birthday
INT: opportune when Herod on the birthday

Mark 6:22 N-DMS
GRK: ἤρεσεν τῷ Ἡρῴδῃ καὶ τοῖς
NAS: she pleased Herod and his dinner guests;
KJV: pleased Herod and
INT: pleased Herod and those

Mark 8:15 N-GMS
GRK: τῆς ζύμης Ἡρῴδου
NAS: and the leaven of Herod.
KJV: and [of] the leaven of Herod.
INT: of the leaven of Herod

Luke 1:5 N-GMS
GRK: ταῖς ἡμέραις Ἡρῴδου βασιλέως τῆς
NAS: In the days of Herod, king of Judea,
KJV: the days of Herod, the king
INT: the days of Herod king

Luke 3:1 N-GMS
GRK: τῆς Γαλιλαίας Ἡρῴδου Φιλίππου δὲ
NAS: of Judea, and Herod was tetrarch
KJV: and Herod being tetrarch
INT: of Galilee Herod Philip moreover

Luke 3:19 N-NMS
GRK: ὁ δὲ Ἡρῴδης ὁ τετραάρχης
NAS: But when Herod the tetrarch
KJV: But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved
INT: moreover Herod the tetrarch

Luke 3:19 N-NMS
GRK: πονηρῶν ὁ Ἡρῴδης
NAS: which Herod had done,
KJV: the evils which Herod had done,
INT: [the] evils Herod

43 Occurrences

2263
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