Luke 4:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry.

New Living Translation
where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry.

English Standard Version
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days. And when they were ended, he was hungry.

New American Standard Bible
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He became hungry.

King James Bible
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for 40 days to be tempted by the Devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they were over, He was hungry.

International Standard Version
where he was being tempted by the devil for 40 days. During that time he ate nothing at all, and when they were over he became hungry.

NET Bible
where for forty days he endured temptations from the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they were completed, he was famished.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
To be tempted by The Devil for forty days, and he ate nothing in those days, and when he had finished them, at the end he was hungry.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
where he was tempted by the devil for 40 days. During those days Jesus ate nothing, so when they were over, he was hungry.

Jubilee Bible 2000
for forty days and was tempted of the devil. And in those days he ate nothing; and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

King James 2000 Bible
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

American King James Version
Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungry.

American Standard Version
during forty days, being tempted of the devil. And he did eat nothing in those days: and when they were completed, he hungered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the space of forty days; and was tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing in those days; and when they were ended, he was hungry.

Darby Bible Translation
forty days, tempted of the devil; and in those days he did not eat anything, and when they were finished he hungered.

English Revised Version
during forty days, being tempted of the devil. And he did eat nothing in those days: and when they were completed, he hungered.

Webster's Bible Translation
Being forty days tempted by the devil. And in those days he ate nothing; and when they were ended, he was afterward hungry.

Weymouth New Testament
tempted all the while by the Devil. During those days He ate nothing, and at the close of them He suffered from hunger.

World English Bible
for forty days, being tempted by the devil. He ate nothing in those days. Afterward, when they were completed, he was hungry.

Young's Literal Translation
forty days being tempted by the Devil, and he did not eat anything in those days, and they having been ended, he afterward hungered,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:1-13 Christ's being led into the wilderness gave an advantage to the tempter; for there he was alone, none were with him by whose prayers and advice he might be helped in the hour of temptation. He who knew his own strength might give Satan advantage; but we may not, who know our own weakness. Being in all things made like unto his brethren, Jesus would, like the other children of God, live in dependence upon the Divine Providence and promise. The word of God is our sword, and faith in that word is our shield. God has many ways of providing for his people, and therefore is at all times to be depended upon in the way of duty. All Satan's promises are deceitful; and if he is permitted to have any influence in disposing of the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them, he uses them as baits to insnare men to destruction. We should reject at once and with abhorrence, every opportunity of sinful gain or advancement, as a price offered for our souls; we should seek riches, honours, and happiness in the worship and service of God only. Christ will not worship Satan; nor, when he has the kingdoms of the world delivered to him by his Father, will he suffer any remains of the worship of the devil to continue in them. Satan also tempted Jesus to be his own murderer, by unfitting confidence in his Father's protection, such as he had no warrant for. Let not any abuse of Scripture by Satan or by men abate our esteem, or cause us to abandon its use; but let us study it still, seek to know it, and seek our defence from it in all kinds of assaults. Let this word dwell richly in us, for it is our life. Our victorious Redeemer conquered, not for himself only, but for us also. The devil ended all the temptation. Christ let him try all his force, and defeated him. Satan saw it was to no purpose to attack Christ, who had nothing in him for his fiery darts to fasten upon. And if we resist the devil, he will flee from us. Yet he departed but till the season when he was again to be let loose upon Jesus, not as a tempter, to draw him to sin, and so to strike at his head, at which he now aimed and was wholly defeated in; but as a persecutor, to bring Christ to suffer, and so to bruise his heel, which it was told him, he should have to do, and would do, though it would be the breaking of his own head, Ge 3:15. Though Satan depart for a season, we shall never be out of his reach till removed from this present evil world.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - Being forty days tempted of the devil. For some reason unknown to us, the number forty seems to possess some mystic significance. Moses was forty days alone with the Divine Presence on Horeb. Elijah fasted forty days in the wilderness before the vision and the voice came to him. Forty years was the period, too, of the wanderings of the chosen people. The existence of an evil power has been a favorite subject of discussion in those schools of thought who more or less question the authoritative teaching of the canonical books of the two Testaments. Keim, quoted by Godet, well and fairly sums up the present state of opinion of the more moderate and thoughtful schools of free-thought: "We regard the question of an existence of an evil power as altogether an open question for science." Those, however, who recognize the Gospel narratives as the faithful expression of Jesus Christ's teaching, must accept the repeated declarations of the Master that an evil being of superhuman power does exist, and has a great, though a limited, influence over the thoughts and works of men. Whatever men may feel with regard to the famous clause in the Lord's Prayer, which the Revisers of the Authorized Version render, "deliver us from the evil one," they must agree at least with the conclusion of the Revisers, that, in the Christian Church, a large majority of the ancients understood the Master's words in his great prayer as asking deliverance, not from "evil" in the abstract, as the English Authorized Version seems to prefer, but deliverance from the power of some mighty evil being. And in those days he did eat nothing. In this state of ecstasy, when the body was completely subordinate to the Spirit, the ordinary bodily wants seem to have been suspended. There is no difficulty in accepting this supposition, if the signification of the words, "in the Spirit," above suggested, be adopted. The whole transaction belongs to the miraculous. We, who receive as God's Word these Gospel narratives, find no difficulty in recognizing God's power to suspend, when he pleases, what men regard as fixed natural laws. We believe, too, that on certain occasions in the world's history it has pleased him to put this power into operation. He afterward hungered. Although still in the Spirit, in order to provide a field for the exercise of the peculiar typical temptation about to be dwelt upon, some of the bodily functions, which during the trance or the ecstasy had been temporarily suspended, were allowed again to play their usual part in the life, as in the ease Of Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Paul, and John.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Being forty days tempted of the devil,.... The Vulgate Latin, Syriac, Persic, and Ethiopic versions read the phrase, "forty days", in connection with the latter part of the preceding verse; according to which the sense is, that Jesus was led by the Spirit forty days in the wilderness, before he was tempted by Satan, and in order to it: but our reading is confirmed by Mark 1:13 who affirms, as here, that he was so long tempted by Satan; as he might be invisibly, and, by internal suggestions, before he appeared visibly, and attacked him openly, with the following temptations. The Ethiopic version adds, "and forty nights": and such were these days in which Christ was in the wilderness, and fasted, and was tempted there: they, were such as included nights, as well as days; see Matthew 4:2

and in those days he did eat nothing not any sort of food whatever; he tasted of no kind of eatables or drinkables, during the whole space of forty days; nor in the nights neither, in which the Jews allowed persons to eat in times of fasting; See Gill on Matthew 4:2. And this entire abstinence, as it shows the power of Christ in the supporting of his human nature, without food, for such a time, and the disadvantages under which, as man, combated with Satan; so, that this fast was never designed as an example to his followers, and to be imitated by them:

and when they were ended; the forty days, and forty nights:

he afterward hungered; which he did not before; and which shows the truth of his human nature; and is mentioned to observe the occasion of the following temptation, and the advantage on the tempter's side.



Luke 4:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Temptation of Jesus
1Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led around by the Spirit in the wilderness 2for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He became hungry. 3And the devil said to Him, "If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread."…
Cross References
Exodus 34:28
Moses was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights without eating bread or drinking water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant--the Ten Commandments.

1 Kings 19:8
So he got up and ate and drank. Strengthened by that food, he traveled forty days and forty nights until he reached Horeb, the mountain of God.

Matthew 4:2
After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry.

Luke 4:3
The devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread."
Treasury of Scripture

Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungry.

forty.

Exodus 24:18 And Moses went into the middle of the cloud, and got him up into …

Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did …

Deuteronomy 9:9,18,25 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, …

1 Kings 19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of …

Matthew 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward …

tempted.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your …

1 Samuel 17:16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself …

Hebrews 2:18 For in that he himself has suffered being tempted, he is able to …

he did.

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and …

Jonah 3:7 And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by …

he afterward.

Matthew 21:18 Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungry.

John 4:6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his …

Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling …

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