|New International Version (©2011)|
Even tax collectors came to be baptized. "Teacher," they asked, "what should we do?"
New Living Translation (©2007)
Even corrupt tax collectors came to be baptized and asked, "Teacher, what should we do?"
English Standard Version (©2001)
Tax collectors also came to be baptized and said to him, “Teacher, what shall we do?”
New American Standard Bible (©1995)
And some tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, "Teacher, what shall we do?"
King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.)
Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?
Holman Christian Standard Bible (©2009)
Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they asked him, "Teacher, what should we do?"
International Standard Version (©2012)
Even some tax collectors came to be baptized. They asked him, "Teacher, what should we do?"
NET Bible (©2006)
Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, "Teacher, what should we do?"
Aramaic Bible in Plain English (©2010)
And Tax Collectors came also to be baptized, and they were saying to him, “Teacher, what shall we do?”
GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995)
Some tax collectors came to be baptized. They asked him, "Teacher, what should we do?"
King James 2000 Bible (©2003)
Then came also tax collectors to be baptized, and said unto him, Teacher, what shall we do?
American King James Version
Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said to him, Master, what shall we do?
American Standard Version
And there came also publicans to be baptized, and they said unto him, Teacher, what must we do?
And the publicans also came to be baptized, and said to him: Master, what shall we do?
Darby Bible Translation
And tax-gatherers came also to be baptised, and they said to him, Teacher, what should we do?
English Revised Version
And there came also publicans to be baptized, and they said unto him, Master, what must we do?
Webster's Bible Translation
Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said to him, Master, what shall we do?
Weymouth New Testament
There came also a party of tax-gatherers to be baptized, and they asked him, "Rabbi, what are we to do?"
World English Bible
Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, "Teacher, what must we do?"
Young's Literal Translation
And there came also tax-gatherers to be baptised, and they said unto him, 'Teacher, what shall we do?'
|Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary|
3:1-14 The scope and design of John's ministry were, to bring the people from their sins, and to their Saviour. He came preaching, not a sect, or party, but a profession; the sign or ceremony was washing with water. By the words here used John preached the necessity of repentance, in order to the remission of sins, and that the baptism of water was an outward sign of that inward cleansing and renewal of heart, which attend, or are the effects of true repentance, as well as a profession of it. Here is the fulfilling of the Scriptures, Isa 40:3, in the ministry of John. When way is made for the gospel into the heart, by taking down high thoughts, and bringing them into obedience to Christ, by levelling the soul, and removing all that hinders us in the way of Christ and his grace, then preparation is made to welcome the salvation of God. Here are general warnings and exhortations which John gave. The guilty, corrupted race of mankind is become a generation of vipers; hateful to God, and hating one another. There is no way of fleeing from the wrath to come, but by repentance; and by the change of our way the change of our mind must be shown. If we are not really holy, both in heart and life, our profession of religion and relation to God and his church, will stand us in no stead at all; the sorer will our destruction be, if we do not bring forth fruits meet for repentance. John the Baptist gave instructions to several sorts of persons. Those that profess and promise repentance, must show it by reformation, according to their places and conditions. The gospel requires mercy, not sacrifice; and its design is, to engage us to do all the good we can, and to be just to all men. And the same principle which leads men to forego unjust gain, leads to restore that which is gained by wrong. John tells the soldiers their duty. Men should be cautioned against the temptations of their employments. These answers declared the present duty of the inquirers, and at once formed a test of their sincerity. As none can or will accept Christ's salvation without true repentance, so the evidence and effects of this repentance are here marked out.
Verse 12. - Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do? This is the first time this class of men, who on several occasions come before us in the gospel story, is mentioned. The English rendering is most unhappy, for to many of our people it either suggests nothing, or else supplies a wrong chain of reasoning. The τελῶναι, the Latin publicani (whence our rendering), were men who collected the Roman taxes or imposts. These imperial taxes, the most painful and everpresent reminder to the Jew of his subject and dependent position, were in the first instance leased out to jobbers and speculators of the equestrian order; these were properly the publicani. Beneath them and in their employ were a numerous staff who performed for these farmers of the imperial revenue the various disagreeable duties connected with the collection of the taxes. Then, as now in the East, bribery, corruption, oppression, and unfair dealing, were too common among all ranks of officials First, then, the duty itself, the being concerned in the collection of a tribute - for that is what these taxes really were - for Gentile Rome, and, secondly, the various iniquities connected with the gathering of this tribute, made the tax or tribute collectors of all ranks odious among the Jews dwelling in Palestine. Many of the posts, especially the subordinate ones, in this department of tribute and taxes, were held by Jews, in all ages singularly gifted in matters which have to do with finance. The Jew, however in the days of John the Baptist, who could stoop to such an employment, lucrative though it might be, was looked upon by his stricter fellow-countrymen with feelings of intense scorn. Yet even these men are not bidden by this inspired prophet of the Highest to change their way of life, but only its manner. "Would you," he says to these men who belonged to the hated calling, "indeed wash and be clean in the eyes of the All-Seeing? then in that profession of yours, remember, be scrupulous, be honest."
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
Then came also publicans to be baptized,.... Being convinced under John's ministry of the evils of their past life, and desirous of being admitted to baptism, to which they understood repentance, and fruits meet for the same, were pre-requisite: these came nearer to John,
and said unto him, master, what shall we do? we have been very wicked persons, what shall we do to escape divine vengeance? or what are the particular duties we are to perform? or the fruits meet for repentance, we are to bring forth; that so we may be admitted to the ordinance of baptism, which requires, as previous to it, a true and hearty repentance? of these men,
See Gill on Matthew 5:46, Matthew 9:9, Matthew 9:10, Matthew 9:11
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
12. publicans, &c. (Also see on Mt 3:10.)
Luke 3:12 Parallel Commentaries
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Bible Hub: Online Parallel Bible
The Mission of John the Baptist
…11He answers and said to them, He that has two coats, let him impart to him that has none; and he that has meat, let him do likewise. 12Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said to him, Master, what shall we do? 13And he said to them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you. …
If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that?
For John came to you to show you the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes did. And even after you saw this, you did not repent and believe him.
"What should we do then?" the crowd asked.
"Don't collect any more than you are required to," he told them.
(All the people, even the tax collectors, when they heard Jesus' words, acknowledged that God's way was right, because they had been baptized by John.
When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, "Brothers, what shall we do?"