1 Samuel 17:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.

New Living Translation
For forty days, every morning and evening, the Philistine champion strutted in front of the Israelite army.

English Standard Version
For forty days the Philistine came forward and took his stand, morning and evening.

New American Standard Bible
The Philistine came forward morning and evening for forty days and took his stand.

King James Bible
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Every morning and evening for 40 days the Philistine came forward and took his stand.

International Standard Version
For 40 days the Philistine would come forward, morning and evening, to take his position.

NET Bible
Meanwhile for forty days the Philistine approached every morning and evening and took his position.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Each morning and evening for 40 days, the Philistine came forward and made his challenge.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening and presented himself for forty days.

King James 2000 Bible
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

American King James Version
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

American Standard Version
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now the Philistine came out morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

English Revised Version
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

World English Bible
The Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Philistine draweth nigh, morning and evening, and stationeth himself forty days.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:12-30 Jesse little thought of sending his son to the army at that critical juncture; but the wise God orders actions and affairs, so as to serve his designs. In times of general formality and lukewarmness, every degree of zeal which implies readiness to go further, or to venture more in the cause of God than others, will be blamed as pride and ambition, and by none more than by near relations, like Eliab, or negligent superiors. It was a trial of David's meekness, patience, and constancy. He had right and reason on his side, and did not render railing for railing; with a soft answer he turned away his brother's wrath. This conquest of his own passion was more honourable than that of Goliath. Those who undertake great and public services, must not think it strange if they are spoken ill of, and opposed by those from whom they expect support and assistance. They must humbly go on with their work, in the face not only of enemies' threats, but of friends' slights and suspicions.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 16-19. - The Philistine .... presented himself. I.e. took his stand (see on 1 Samuel 10:23; 12:7, 16). This verse takes up the narrative, disturbed by the inserted explanation about David's family relations. The extraordinary formation of the ground, as described in ver. 3, shows how it was possible for this challenge to go on for forty days without either army advancing or retiring. During this long time it seems to have been the business of the friends at home to supply the combatants with food, and so Jesse sends David with an ephah, about three pecks, of parched corn - as the word is spelt in the Hebrew it means "parched pease." Also ten loaves, and, for the captain of their thousand, ten cheeses - rather, "ten slices of fresh curd." David was also to take their pledge. Apparently neither Eliab nor his brethren could write, and therefore they would send back to their father some token previously agreed upon to show that they were in good health, and had received the supplies sent them. Now Saul, etc. This is a part of Jesse's speech, telling David where he would find his brethren. For were, the right translation is, "They are in the terebinth valley, fighting with the Philistines."

CHAPTER 17:20-58

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the Philistine drew near morning and evening,.... Twice a day he came near the camp, within the hearing of it. The Jews (w) say, he took those seasons on purpose to disturb them in reading their "Shema", or "hear, O Israel", &c. and saying their prayers morning and evening:

and presented himself forty days; Successively, before the armies of Israel, daring them to send down a man to fight with him, and reproaching them for their cowardice in not doing it.

(w) T. Bab. Sotah, fol. 42. 2.



1 Samuel 17:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesse Sends David
15but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father's flock at Bethlehem. 16The Philistine came forward morning and evening for forty days and took his stand. 17Then Jesse said to David his son, "Take now for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 17:15
but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father's sheep at Bethlehem.

1 Samuel 17:17
Now Jesse said to his son David, "Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp.
Treasury of Scripture

And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

forty days

Matthew 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward …

Luke 4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat …

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Alphabetical: and came days evening every For forty forward his morning Philistine stand the took

OT History: 1 Samuel 17:16 The Philistine drew near morning and evening (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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