Exodus 16:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
In the desert the whole community grumbled against Moses and Aaron.

New Living Translation
There, too, the whole community of Israel complained about Moses and Aaron.

English Standard Version
And the whole congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness,

New American Standard Bible
The whole congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

King James Bible
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The entire Israelite community grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

International Standard Version
The whole congregation of the Israelis complained against Moses and Aaron in the desert.

NET Bible
The entire company of Israelites murmured against Moses and Aaron in the desert.

New Heart English Bible
The whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the desert the whole community complained about Moses and Aaron.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness;

New American Standard 1977
And the whole congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the whole congregation of the sons of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness;

King James 2000 Bible
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

American King James Version
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

American Standard Version
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

Darby Bible Translation
And the whole assembly of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness.

English Revised Version
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.

World English Bible
The whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness;

Young's Literal Translation
And all the company of the sons of Israel murmur against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness;
Study Bible
Manna and Quail from Heaven
1Then they set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the sons of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departure from the land of Egypt. 2The whole congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. 3The sons of Israel said to them, "Would that we had died by the LORD'S hand in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat, when we ate bread to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger."…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:10
And do not complain, as some of them did, and were killed by the destroying angel.

Exodus 5:21
They said to them, "May the LORD look upon you and judge you, for you have made us odious in Pharaoh's sight and in the sight of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to kill us."

Exodus 14:11
Then they said to Moses, "Is it because there were no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you dealt with us in this way, bringing us out of Egypt?

Exodus 15:24
So the people grumbled at Moses, saying, "What shall we drink?"

Exodus 17:3
But the people thirsted there for water; and they grumbled against Moses and said, "Why, now, have you brought us up from Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?"

Numbers 14:22
"Surely all the men who have seen My glory and My signs which I performed in Egypt and in the wilderness, yet have put Me to the test these ten times and have not listened to My voice,

Psalm 106:13
They quickly forgot His works; They did not wait for His counsel,

Psalm 106:25
But grumbled in their tents; They did not listen to the voice of the LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

Exodus 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

Genesis 19:4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, …

Psalm 106:7,13,25 Our fathers understood not your wonders in Egypt; they remembered …

1 Corinthians 10:10 Neither murmur you, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed …

(2) The whole congregration . . . murmured.--This is the third "murmuring." The first was at Pi-hahiroth, on the appearance of the host of Pharaoh (Exodus 14:11-12); the second was at Marah, when the water proved undrinkable (Exodus 15:24); the third, in the wilderness of Sin, was brought about by no special occurrence--unless it were the exhaustion of the supplies of grain which had been brought out of Egypt--but seems to have resulted from a general dissatisfaction with the conditions of life in the wilderness, and with the prospects which lay before them.

Verse 2. - The whole congregation... murmured, It has been observed above, that only the poorer sort could have been as yet in any peril of actual starvation; but it may well have been that the rest, once launched into the wilderness, and becoming practically acquainted with its unproductiveness, foresaw that ultimately starvation must come upon them too, when all the cattle were eaten up, or had died through insufficient nourishment Nothing is more clear than that, without the miracle of the manna, it would have been impossible for a population of two millions to have supported themselves for forty years, or even for two years, in such a region as the Sinaitic peninsula, even though it had been in ancient times three or four times as productive as at present. The cattle brought out of Egypt must have rapidly diminished (Exodus 17:3); and though the Israelites had brought with them also great wealth in the precious metals, yet it must have been some time before they could establish commercial relations with the neighbouring nations so as to obtain such supplies as they needed. Thus we can well understand that at the expiration of a month the people generally should have recognized that their situation was one of great danger, and should have vented their discontent upon their leaders. And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured,.... For want of bread; for the Targum of Jonathan says, that day the dough ceased they brought of Egypt, on which, and the unleavened cakes they had lived thirty days; and for a longer space of time it was not sufficient, as Josephus (g) and other Jewish writers (h) observe; and now it was all spent, and they were in the utmost distress for bread, and fall a murmuring as they were used to do, when in any distress, even the whole congregation of them, at least the far greater part; some few might be excepted, as Caleb and Joshua, and some others: and they

murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness; in the wilderness of Sin, where they were, and where no corn was to be had to make bread of; and their murmuring was not only against Moses, as before when they wanted water, but against Aaron also, who were jointly concerned in bringing them out of Egypt. It is a common case, when things do not go so well as to be wished for in church or state, for people to murmur against their governors, ecclesiastic or civil, and lay all the blame to them.

(g) Antiqu. l. 2. c. 15. sect. 1.((h) Seder Olam Rabba, c. 5. p. 17. 2. the whole congregation … murmured against Moses and Aaron—Modern travellers through the desert of Sinai are accustomed to take as much as is sufficient for the sustenance of men and beasts during forty days. The Israelites having been rather more than a month on their journey, their store of corn or other provisions was altogether or nearly exhausted; and there being no prospect of procuring any means of subsistence in the desert, except some wild olives and wild honey (De 32:13), loud complaints were made against the leaders.16:1-12 The provisions of Israel, brought from Egypt, were spent by the middle of the second month, and they murmured. It is no new thing for the greatest kindness to be basely represented as the greatest injuries. They so far undervalue their deliverance, that they wished they had died in Egypt; and by the hand of the Lord, that is, by the plagues which cut off the Egyptians. We cannot suppose they had plenty in Egypt, nor could they fear dying for want in the wilderness, while they had flocks and herds: none talk more absurdly than murmurers. When we begin to fret, we ought to consider, that God hears all our murmurings. God promises a speedy and constant supply. He tried whether they would trust him, and rest satisfied with the bread of the day in its day. Thus he tried if they would serve him, and it appeared how ungrateful they were. When God plagued the Egyptians, it was to make them know he was their Lord; when he provided for the Israelites, it was to make them know he was their God.
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