Luke 15:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs.

New Living Translation
He persuaded a local farmer to hire him, and the man sent him into his fields to feed the pigs.

English Standard Version
So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs.

New American Standard Bible
"So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

King James Bible
And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he went to work for one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs.

International Standard Version
So he went out to work for one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs.

NET Bible
So he went and worked for one of the citizens of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him to a field to herd pigs.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So he got a job from someone in that country and was sent to feed pigs in the fields.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

King James 2000 Bible
And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

American King James Version
And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

American Standard Version
And he went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he went and cleaved to one of the citizens of that country. And he sent him into his farm to feed swine.

Darby Bible Translation
And he went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

English Revised Version
And he went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

Weymouth New Testament
So he went and hired himself to one of the inhabitants of that country, who sent him on to his farm to tend swine;

World English Bible
He went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed pigs.

Young's Literal Translation
and having gone on, he joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him to the fields to feed swine,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

15:11-16 The parable of the prodigal son shows the nature of repentance, and the Lord's readiness to welcome and bless all who return to him. It fully sets forth the riches of gospel grace; and it has been, and will be, while the world stands, of unspeakable use to poor sinners, to direct and to encourage them in repenting and returning to God. It is bad, and the beginning of worse, when men look upon God's gifts as debts due to them. The great folly of sinners, and that which ruins them, is, being content in their life-time to receive their good things. Our first parents ruined themselves and all their race, by a foolish ambition to be independent, and this is at the bottom of sinners' persisting in their sin. We may all discern some features of our own characters in that of the prodigal son. A sinful state is of departure and distance from God. A sinful state is a spending state: wilful sinners misemploy their thoughts and the powers of their souls, mispend their time and all their opportunities. A sinful state is a wanting state. Sinners want necessaries for their souls; they have neither food nor raiment for them, nor any provision for hereafter. A sinful state is a vile, slavish state. The business of the devil's servants is to make provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof, and that is no better than feeding swine. A sinful state is a state constant discontent. The wealth of the world and the pleasures of the senses will not even satisfy our bodies; but what are they to precious souls! A sinful state is a state which cannot look for relief from any creature. In vain do we cry to the world and to the flesh; they have that which will poison a soul, but have nothing to give which will feed and nourish it. A sinful state is a state of death. A sinner is dead in trespasses and sins, destitute of spiritual life. A sinful state is a lost state. Souls that are separated from God, if his mercy prevent not, will soon be lost for ever. The prodigal's wretched state, only faintly shadows forth the awful ruin of man by sin. Yet how few are sensible of their own state and character!

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 15. - And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country. "That citizen," says St. Bernard, quoted by Archbishop Trench, "I cannot understand as other than one of the malignant spirits, who in that they sin with an irremediable obstinacy, and have passed into a permanent disposition of malice and wickedness, are no longer guests and strangers, but citizens and abiders in the land of sin." This is a true picture of the state of such a lost soul, which in despair has yielded itself up to the evil one and his angels and their awful prompt-tugs and suggestions; but the heathen citizen is well represented by the ordinary sordid man of the world, who engages in any infamous calling, and in the carrying on of which he employs his poor degraded ruined brothers and sisters. To feed swine. What a shudder must have passed through the auditory when the Master reached this climax of the prodigal's degradation I For a young Israelite noble, delicately nurtured and trained in the worship of the chosen people, to be reduced to the position of a herdsman of those unclean creatures for which they entertained such a loathing and abhorrence that they would not even name them, but spoke of a pig as the other thing!

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country,.... Not to any one of the saints, for they are not citizens of the far country, but of the church of God below, and of heaven above; besides, carnal men do not like the company of such citizens: nor is the devil intended, for though he dwells in this country, he is more than a citizen, than an inhabitant; he is king and governor, the prince of the world, and the god of it; nor is it feasible, that a man under conviction, and beginning to be sensible of his want, should go and join himself to the devil: but an unregenerate, "pharisaical", legal preacher, is designed; a man may be a preacher, and yet in the far country of sin and unregeneracy; there may be large gifts, where there is no grace; and a man may have a form of religion and godliness, and know nothing of the power of it; and a great stir and bluster may be made about good works, as were by the Pharisees, when few or none are done: now it is common for persons under legal convictions, to seek after such a preacher, and such a ministry, and to such an one this man "went"; he went not out of the land of sin, nor to his father's house, but to one in the same country, where the famine was, and he was starving: "he went"; it was his own choice, he took his own way; he went and told him his case, how he had spent all he had, and in what manner, and what condition he now was in; and he asked his advice and assistance: and he "joined himself" to him; he sat under his ministry, and became a member with him, and stuck close to him, as the word signifies; and was a stickler for him, and his principles:

and he sent him into his field to feed swine; he did not give him the least bit of bread to satisfy his hunger; nor did he say one word to him of Christ, the bread of life; nor did he advise him to go to his father's house, where there was bread enough, and to spare: but he "sent him, into his fields"; to work, to cleanse his heart, to reform his life, to fulfil the law, to perform the conditions of the covenant, to make his peace with God, and get an interest in his love and favour; and go through a round of duties continually, and all would be well: he sent him to "feed swine" there; to converse with self-righteous persons, who may be compared to swine, because of their selfishness; doing all they do for themselves, and not for God and his glory; because they prefer dung before pearls, their own righteousness before Christ, the pearl of great price; and live upon the husks of their own duties and never look upwards to heaven, as this creature does not, but always downwards on the earth; and though they were outwardly reformed, yet inwardly filthy, and often return to wallowing in the mire again: he sent him there also to gratify the selfish principles of nature; to please himself with his wisdom, righteousness, holiness, and other excellencies he fancied he had attained unto. In short, the expression shows the base employment of a self-justitiary amidst all his pretensions to religion and virtue: for feeding of swine was very disagreeable to the Jews, and with them scandalous; to whom the eating of swine's flesh was forbidden by the law of God, and the breeding of swine by their traditions; and this is said to be done in a country, out of Judea.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15. joined himself, &c.—his pride not yet humbled, unable to brook the shame of a return.

to feed swine—glad to keep life anyhow, behold the son sank into a swineherd—among the Jews, on account of the prohibition of swine's flesh, emphatically vile! "He who begins by using the world as a servant, to minister to his pleasure, ends by reversing the relationship" [Trench].

Luke 15:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Parable of the Prodigal Son
14"Now when he had spent everything, a severe famine occurred in that country, and he began to be impoverished. 15"So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. 16"And he would have gladly filled his stomach with the pods that the swine were eating, and no one was giving anything to him.…
Cross References
Matthew 7:6
"Do not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your pearls to pigs. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.

Luke 15:14
After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need.

Luke 15:16
He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.
Treasury of Scripture

And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.

he went.

Luke 15:13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and …

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said …

2 Chronicles 28:22 And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against …

Isaiah 1:5,9,10-13 Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: …

Isaiah 57:17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: …

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but …

Jeremiah 8:4-6 Moreover you shall say to them, Thus said the LORD; Shall they fall, …

Jeremiah 31:18,19 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised …

2 Timothy 2:25,26 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure …

Revelation 2:21,22 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not…

to feed.

Luke 8:32-34 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain: …

Ezekiel 16:52,63 You also, which have judged your sisters, bear your own shame for …

Nahum 3:6 And I will cast abominable filth on you, and make you vile, and will …

Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the …

Romans 1:24-26 Why God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their …

Romans 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, you …

1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of …

Ephesians 2:2,3 Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, …

Ephesians 4:17-19 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you from now …

Ephesians 5:11,12 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but …

Colossians 3:5-7 Mortify therefore your members which are on the earth; fornication, …

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, …

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