Isaiah 43:27
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Your first father sinned; those I sent to teach you rebelled against me.

New Living Translation
From the very beginning, your first ancestor sinned against me; all your leaders broke my laws.

English Standard Version
Your first father sinned, and your mediators transgressed against me.

Berean Study Bible
Your first father sinned, and your spokesmen rebelled against Me.

New American Standard Bible
"Your first forefather sinned, And your spokesmen have transgressed against Me.

King James Bible
Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

Christian Standard Bible
Your first father sinned, and your mediators have rebelled against me.

Contemporary English Version
Your earliest ancestor and all your leaders rebelled against me.

Good News Translation
Your earliest ancestor sinned; your leaders sinned against me,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Your first father sinned, and your mediators have rebelled against Me.

International Standard Version
Your first ancestor sinned, and your mediators rebelled against me.

NET Bible
The father of your nation sinned; your spokesmen rebelled against me.

New Heart English Bible
Your first father sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your first ancestor sinned, and your priests rebelled against me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thy first father sinned, And thine intercessors have transgressed against Me.

New American Standard 1977
“Your first forefather sinned, And your spokesmen have transgressed against Me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thy first father sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

King James 2000 Bible
Your first father has sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against me.

American King James Version
Your first father has sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against me.

American Standard Version
Thy first father sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy first father sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

Darby Bible Translation
Thy first father hath sinned, and thy mediators have rebelled against me.

English Revised Version
Thy first father sinned, and thine interpreters have transgressed against me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

World English Bible
Your first father sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against me.

Young's Literal Translation
Thy first father sinned, And thine interpreters transgressed against me,
Study Bible
Israel's Unfaithfulness
26Remind Me, let us argue the matter together. State your case, so that you may be vindicated. 27Your first father sinned, and your spokesmen rebelled against Me. 28So I will disgrace the princes of your sanctuary, and consign Jacob to destruction and Israel to reproach.…
Cross References
Isaiah 9:15
The head is the elder and the honorable man and the tail is the prophet who teaches lies.

Isaiah 24:20
The earth staggers like a drunkard and sways like a shack. Earth's rebellion weighs it down, and it falls, never to rise again.

Isaiah 28:7
These also stagger from wine and stumble from strong drink: Priests and prophets reel from strong drink and are befuddled by wine. They stumble because of strong drink, muddled in their visions and stumbling in their judgments.

Isaiah 29:10
For the LORD has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep; He has shut your eyes, O prophets, and covered your heads, O seers.

Isaiah 50:1
This is what the LORD says: "Where is your mother's certificate of divorce with which I sent her away? Or to which of My creditors did I sell you? Look, you were sold for your iniquities, and for your transgressions your mother was sent away.

Isaiah 51:2
Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah who bore you. When I called him, he was but one; then I blessed him and multiplied him.

Isaiah 58:1
"Cry aloud, do not hold back! Raise your voice like a trumpet. Declare to My people their transgression and to the house of Jacob their sins.

Jeremiah 5:31
The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests rule by their own authority. My people love it so, but what will you do in the end?"

Ezekiel 16:3
and tell her this is what the Lord GOD says to Jerusalem: 'Your origin and your birth were in the land of the Canaanites. Your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite.

Treasury of Scripture

Your first father has sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against me.

first father

Numbers 32:14 And, behold, you are risen up in your fathers' stead, an increase …

Psalm 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; …

Psalm 106:6,7 We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have …

Jeremiah 3:25 We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covers us: for we have …

Ezekiel 16:3 And say, Thus said the Lord GOD to Jerusalem; Your birth and your …

Zechariah 1:4-6 Be you not as your fathers, to whom the former prophets have cried, …

Malachi 3:7 Even from the days of your fathers you are gone away from my ordinances, …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

Romans 5:12 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

and thy

Isaiah 3:12 As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over …

Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are …

Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb …

Jeremiah 5:31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their …

Jeremiah 23:11-15 For both prophet and priest are profane; yes, in my house have I …

Lamentations 4:13,14 For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, …

Ezekiel 22:25-28 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the middle thereof, like …

Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected …

Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach …

Malachi 2:4-8 And you shall know that I have sent this commandment to you, that …

Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind …

Matthew 27:1,41 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the …

John 11:49-53 And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same …

Acts 5:17,18 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which …

teacher. Heb. interpreters

(27) Thy first father hath sinned . . .--The words have been interpreted: (1) of Adam; (2) of Abraham; (3) of Jacob; (4) of the ancestors of Israel collectively; (5) of this or that high priest individually. (3) fits in best. (See Isaiah 43:28.)

Thy teachers.--Literally, thy interpreters (Job 33:23), or thy mediators. The term is used in 2Chronicles 32:31 of the "ambassadors "of the king of Babylon, and stands here for the priests and the prophets, who ought officially to have been the expounders of the Divine will.

Verse 27. - Thy first father hath sinned; rather, thy first father sinned; that is, "Thou hast no merits of thy own. Even thy first father, Abraham, sinned (Genesis 12:13, 18; Genesis 17:17; Genesis 20:2); and thy teachers have transgressed. Thy very priests and prophets have been full of imperfections - have often sinned against me. Much more hast thou, my people generally, committed grievous offences. Thou must therefore throw thyself on my mercy." Thy first father hath sinned,.... Either Adam, as Kimchi, in whom all have sinned, and from whom all derive a sinful and corrupt nature; or Abraham, as Jarchi, the father of the Jewish nation, of whom they boasted, and in whom they trusted, as being of his seed, and through whose merits and worthiness they expected great things; yet he was but a sinful man, though a good man, and a great believer; of whose infirmity and frailty many instances are on record. Some have thought Terah the father of Abraham is designed, who was an idolater; others think some particular king is meant, the father of his people; Aben Ezra supposes Jeroboam to be intended, the first king of the ten tribes who made Israel to sin; but Kimchi observes, it is better to understand it of Saul, who was the first king over all Israel; others interpret it of Ahaz; and others of Manasseh; Vitringa of Uriah the priest, in the times of Ahaz; but it seems best to take the singular for the plural, as the Arabic version does, which renders it, "your first fathers have sinned"; all their forefathers had sinned, from their coming out of Egypt to that day; and, therefore it was in vain to have respect to them, or plead any worthiness of theirs in their favour; besides, they imitated them in their sins, and were filling up the measure of their iniquities:

and thy teachers have transgressed against me; or "interpreters" (s); of the law to the people, the Priests and Levites, Scribes and Pharisees; such who should have taught the people, and instructed them in the knowledge of divine things, and interceded with God for them; these were transgressors of the law themselves, as well as despisers of the Gospel; these rejected the counsel of God against themselves, disbelieved the Messiah, and dissuaded the people from receiving him; they were "orators" (t), as the word is by some rendered; and they used all the oratory they were masters of against Christ, and to persuade the people into an ill opinion of him, and at last to insist upon his crucifixion.

(s) "interpretes tui", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus. (t) "Oratores", Cocceius; "interpretes, seu oratores tui", Piscator; "oratores, intercessores tui", Vitringa. 27. first father—collectively for "most ancient ancestors," as the parallelism ("teachers") proves [Maurer]. Or, thy chief religious ministers or priests [Gesenius]. Adam, the common father of all nations, can hardly be meant here, as it would have been irrelevant to mention his sin in an address to the Jews specially. Abraham is equally out of place here, as he is everywhere cited as an example of faithfulness, not of "sin." However, taking the passage in its ultimate application to the Church at large, Adam may be meant.

teachers—literally, "interpreters" between God and man, the priests (Job 33:23; Mal 2:7).43:22-28 Those who neglect to call upon God, are weary of him. The Master tired not the servants with his commands, but they tired him with disobedience. What were the riches of God's mercy toward them? I, even I, am he who yet blotteth out thy transgressions. This encourages us to repent, because there is forgiveness with God, and shows the freeness of Divine mercy. When God forgives, he forgets. It is not for any thing in us, but for his mercies' sake, his promise' sake; especially for his Son's sake. He is pleased to reckon it his honour. Would man justify himself before God? The attempt is desperate: our first father broke the covenant, and we all have copied his example. We have no reason to expect pardon, except we seek it by faith in Christ; and that is always attended by true repentance, and followed by newness of life, by hatred of sin, and love to God. Let us then put him in remembrance of the promises he has made to the penitent, and the satisfaction his Son has made for them. Plead these with him in wrestling for pardon; and declare these things, that thou mayest be justified freely by his grace. This is the only way, and it is a sure way to peace.
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