Isaiah 1:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When you come to appear before me, who has asked this of you, this trampling of my courts?

New Living Translation
When you come to worship me, who asked you to parade through my courts with all your ceremony?

English Standard Version
“When you come to appear before me, who has required of you this trampling of my courts?

New American Standard Bible
"When you come to appear before Me, Who requires of you this trampling of My courts?

King James Bible
When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When you come to appear before Me, who requires this from you-- this trampling of My courts?

International Standard Version
"When you come to present yourselves in my presence, who has required you to trample on my courts?

NET Bible
When you enter my presence, do you actually think I want this--animals trampling on my courtyards?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you appear in my presence, who asked you to trample on my courtyards?

Jubilee Bible 2000
When ye come to appear before me, who has required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

King James 2000 Bible
When you come to appear before me, who has required this at your hand, to trample my courts?

American King James Version
When you come to appear before me, who has required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

American Standard Version
When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to trample my courts?

Douay-Rheims Bible
When you came to appear before me, who required these things at your hands, that you should walk in my courts?

Darby Bible Translation
When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this from your hand -- to tread my courts?

English Revised Version
When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to trample my courts?

Webster's Bible Translation
When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

World English Bible
When you come to appear before me, who has required this at your hand, to trample my courts?

Young's Literal Translation
When ye come in to appear before Me, Who hath required this of your hand, To trample My courts?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:10-15 Judea was desolate, and their cities burned. This awakened them to bring sacrifices and offerings, as if they would bribe God to remove the punishment, and give them leave to go on in their sin. Many who will readily part with their sacrifices, will not be persuaded to part with their sins. They relied on the mere form as a service deserving a reward. The most costly devotions of wicked people, without thorough reformation of heart and life, cannot be acceptable to God. He not only did not accept them, but he abhorred them. All this shows that sin is very hateful to God. If we allow ourselves in secret sin, or forbidden indulgences; if we reject the salvation of Christ, our very prayers will become abomination.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - When ye come to appear before me. Mr. Cheyne translates, "to see my face;" but most other commentators (Gesenius, Delitzsch, Ewald, Kay) regard the phrase used as equivalent to that employed in Exodus 23:17; Exodus 34:23; Deuteronomy 16:16; and the passage as referring to that attendance in the temple at the three great annual festivals, which was required of all adult male Israelites. The requirement of the Law was still observed in the letter, but not in the spirit. They came with no true religious object. Hence the question which follows: Who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? This was not what God had enjoined - a mere bodily attendance, a trampling of his courts with their feet, when their hearts were far from him.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

When ye come to appear before me,.... At the grand festivals of the passover, pentecost, and tabernacles, at which times all the males in Israel appeared before God, Exodus 23:17.

who hath required this at your hand; either to appear at such times, these feasts being no more to be observed; or to offer the above sacrifices; these were not required of the Israelites when they first came out of Egypt, Jeremiah 7:22 nor were they necessary to appear before God with, or to introduce them to the throne of his grace, Micah 6:6 and much less under the Gospel dispensation, being abolished by the sacrifice of Christ; or this relates to what follows,

to tread my courts? in that unbecoming and hypocritical way they did, and with such wicked hearts and bloody hands. "Courts" are mentioned, because, as Kimchi observes, the Israelites stood in the courts of the Lord's house, and did not go into the temple, only the priests.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. appear before me—in the temple where the Shekinah, resting on the ark, was the symbol of God's presence (Ex 23:15; Ps 42:2).

who hath required this—as if you were doing God a service by such hypocritical offerings (Job 35:7). God did require it (Ex 23:17), but not in this spirit (Mic 6:6, 7).

courts—areas, in which the worshippers were. None but priests entered the temple itself.

Isaiah 1:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
Meaningless Offerings
11"What are your multiplied sacrifices to Me?" Says the LORD. "I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams And the fat of fed cattle; And I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs or goats. 12"When you come to appear before Me, Who requires of you this trampling of My courts? 13"Bring your worthless offerings no longer, Incense is an abomination to Me. New moon and sabbath, the calling of assemblies-- I cannot endure iniquity and the solemn assembly.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:17
"Three times a year all the men are to appear before the Sovereign LORD.

Ecclesiastes 5:1
Guard your steps when you go to the house of God. Go near to listen rather than to offer the sacrifice of fools, who do not know that they do wrong.

Zechariah 7:5
"Ask all the people of the land and the priests, 'When you fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh months for the past seventy years, was it really for me that you fasted?
Treasury of Scripture

When you come to appear before me, who has required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

when

Isaiah 58:1,2 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up your voice like a trumpet, and show …

Exodus 23:17 Three items in the year all your males shall appear before the LORD God.

Exodus 34:23 Thrice in the year shall all your male children appear before the …

Deuteronomy 16:16 Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the LORD …

Ecclesiastes 5:1 Keep your foot when you go to the house of God, and be more ready …

Matthew 23:5 But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad …

appear. Heb. be seen
required

Psalm 40:6 Sacrifice and offering you did not desire; my ears have you opened: …

Micah 6:8 He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require …

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