Haggai 2:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I will overturn royal thrones and shatter the power of the foreign kingdoms. I will overthrow chariots and their drivers; horses and their riders will fall, each by the sword of his brother.

New Living Translation
I will overthrow royal thrones and destroy the power of foreign kingdoms. I will overturn their chariots and riders. The horses will fall, and their riders will kill each other.

English Standard Version
and to overthrow the throne of kingdoms. I am about to destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations, and overthrow the chariots and their riders. And the horses and their riders shall go down, every one by the sword of his brother.

New American Standard Bible
'I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms and destroy the power of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots and their riders, and the horses and their riders will go down, everyone by the sword of another.'

King James Bible
And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I will overturn royal thrones and destroy the power of the Gentile kingdoms. I will overturn chariots and their riders. Horses and their riders will fall, each by his brother's sword.

International Standard Version
I will overthrow royal thrones. I will annihilate the strength of national governments. I will overthrow chariots along with those who drive them. Both horses and their riders will fall, each one by means of his comrade's weapon.

NET Bible
I will overthrow royal thrones and shatter the might of earthly kingdoms. I will overthrow chariots and those who ride them, and horses and their riders will fall as people kill one another.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms and destroy the power of nations. I will overthrow chariots and their riders, and the horses will fall along with their riders. They will kill one another with swords.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and I will overthrow the throne of the kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdom of the Gentiles, and I will overthrow the chariot and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, each one by the sword of his brother.

King James 2000 Bible
And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

American King James Version
And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

American Standard Version
and I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms; and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and will destroy the strength of the kingdom of the Gentiles: and I will overthrow the chariot, and him that rideth therein: and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

Darby Bible Translation
and I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride therein; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

English Revised Version
and I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen: and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

World English Bible
I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms. I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations. I will overthrow the chariots, and those who ride in them. The horses and their riders will come down, everyone by the sword of his brother.

Young's Literal Translation
And have overturned the throne of kingdoms, And I have destroyed the strength of kingdoms of the nations, And overturned chariot and its charioteers, And come down have horses and their riders, Each by the sword of his brother.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:20-23 The Lord will preserve Zerubbabel and the people of Judah, amidst their enemies. Here is also foretold the establishment and continuance of the kingdom of Christ; by union with whom his people are sealed with the Holy Ghost, sealed with his image, thus distinguished from all others. Here also is foretold the changes, even to that time when the kingdom of Christ shall overthrow and occupy the place of all the empires which opposed his cause. The promise has special reference to Christ, who descended from Zerubbabel in a direct line, and is the sole Builder of the gospel temple. Our Lord Jesus is the Signet on God's right hand, for all power is given to him, and derived from him. By him, and in him, all the promises of God are yea and amen. Whatever changes take place on earth, all will promote the comfort, honour, and happiness of his servants.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22. - I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms. No events in Zerubbabel's time satisfied this prediction, which waits for its fulfilment in the Messianic age (Luke 1:52). "The throne" is used distributively for "every throne of kingdoms;" Septuagint, "thrones of kings." Of the heathen; of the nations. Chariots, etc. Emblems of the military power by which the nations had risen to eminence (Psalm 20:7; Zechariah 10:5). Shall come down. Be brought to the ground, perish (Isaiah 34:7). By the sword of his brother. The heathen powers shall annihilate one another (Ezekiel 38:21; Zechariah 14:13).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms,.... The Persian monarchy, which consisted of various kingdoms and nations, and was destroyed under Darius Codomannus by Alexander the great, who fought with him three pitched battles, and overcame him; but the thing was of the Lord, according to his purpose and will, and by his power and providence; and therefore the overthrow is ascribed to him. The Jews (t) say that the Persian monarchy fell by the Grecians thirty four years after the building of the temple; but very wrongly, it lasted longer:

and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; the empire of Alexander, which was a very strong one, and contained in it many kingdoms and nations, even the whole world, at least as he thought; and which was divided after his death into several kingdoms; the strength of which was greatly weakened by one another, and at last entirely destroyed by the Romans as instruments:

and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down; which may refer either to the chariots and horses, and their riders, belonging to the Grecians, and used in their wars; or else this may describe the empire of the Romans, which in its turn should be destroyed, famous for their triumphal chariots:

everyone by the sword of his brother; by civil wars, which was remarkably true of the successors of Alexander, as appears from Josephus (u) and Justin (w): this may be applied to all the kingdoms of this world, which will all be demolished, and be brought into subjection to Christ, and his kingdom shall be set up in the world, the son and antitype of Zerubbabel, of whom the following words are to be understood; see Daniel 2:44. Abendana interprets it of the army of Gog and Magog, who shall fall everyone by the sword of his brother.

(t) Seder Olam Rabba, c. 30. p. 91. Tzemach David, par. 1. fol. 18. 1.((u) Antiqu. l. 12. c. 1. sect. 1.((w) E. Trogo, l. 13. c. 6.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

22. All other world kingdoms are to be overthrown to make way for Christ's universal kingdom (Da 2:44). War chariots are to give place to His reign of peace (Mic 5:10; Zec 9:10).

Haggai 2:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
Zerubbabel the Lord's Signet Ring
21"Speak to Zerubbabel governor of Judah, saying, 'I am going to shake the heavens and the earth. 22'I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms and destroy the power of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots and their riders, and the horses and their riders will go down, everyone by the sword of another.' 23On that day,' declares the LORD of hosts, 'I will take you, Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, My servant,' declares the LORD, 'and I will make you like a signet ring, for I have chosen you,'" declares the LORD of hosts.
Cross References
Judges 7:22
When the three hundred trumpets sounded, the LORD caused the men throughout the camp to turn on each other with their swords. The army fled to Beth Shittah toward Zererah as far as the border of Abel Meholah near Tabbath.

2 Chronicles 20:23
The Ammonites and Moabites rose up against the men from Mount Seir to destroy and annihilate them. After they finished slaughtering the men from Seir, they helped to destroy one another.

Psalm 46:9
He makes wars cease to the ends of the earth. He breaks the bow and shatters the spear; he burns the shields with fire.

Ezekiel 21:27
A ruin! A ruin! I will make it a ruin! The crown will not be restored until he to whom it rightfully belongs shall come; to him I will give it.'

Ezekiel 26:16
Then all the princes of the coast will step down from their thrones and lay aside their robes and take off their embroidered garments. Clothed with terror, they will sit on the ground, trembling every moment, appalled at you.

Ezekiel 38:21
I will summon a sword against Gog on all my mountains, declares the Sovereign LORD. Every man's sword will be against his brother.

Ezekiel 39:20
At my table you will eat your fill of horses and riders, mighty men and soldiers of every kind,' declares the Sovereign LORD.

Amos 2:15
The archer will not stand his ground, the fleet-footed soldier will not get away, and the horseman will not save his life.

Micah 5:10
"In that day," declares the LORD, "I will destroy your horses from among you and demolish your chariots.

Micah 7:16
Nations will see and be ashamed, deprived of all their power. They will put their hands over their mouths and their ears will become deaf.

Zephaniah 3:8
Therefore wait for me," declares the LORD, "for the day I will stand up to testify. I have decided to assemble the nations, to gather the kingdoms and to pour out my wrath on them-- all my fierce anger. The whole world will be consumed by the fire of my jealous anger.

Zechariah 10:5
Together they will be like warriors in battle trampling their enemy into the mud of the streets. They will fight because the LORD is with them, and they will put the enemy horsemen to shame.
Treasury of Scripture

And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

overthrow.

Isaiah 60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve you shall perish; …

Ezekiel 21:27 I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, …

Daniel 2:34,35,44,45 You saw till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote …

Daniel 7:25-27 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear …

Daniel 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his …

Micah 5:8,15 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the middle …

Zephaniah 3:8 Therefore wait you on me, said the LORD, until the day that I rise …

Zechariah 10:11 And he shall pass through the sea with affliction, and shall smite …

Zechariah 12:2-5 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling to all the people …

Zechariah 14:3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as …

Matthew 24:7 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: …

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying…

and I will overthrow the chariots.

Exodus 14:17,28 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they …

Exodus 15:4,19 Pharaoh's chariots and his host has he cast into the sea: his chosen …

Psalm 46:9 He makes wars to cease to the end of the earth; he breaks the bow, …

Psalm 76:6 At your rebuke, O God of Jacob, both the chariot and horse are cast …

Ezekiel 39:20 Thus you shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with …

Micah 5:10 And it shall come to pass in that day, said the LORD, that I will …

Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the …

Zechariah 9:10 And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, …

every.

Judges 7:22 And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's …

1 Samuel 14:16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, …

2 Chronicles 20:22 And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushes …

Isaiah 9:19 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and …

Isaiah 19:2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians: and they shall …

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