Merchandise
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The objects of commerce; whatever is usually bought or sold in trade, or market, or by merchants; wares; goods; commodities.

2. (n.) The act or business of trading; trade; traffic.

3. (v. i.) To trade; to carry on commerce.

4. (v. t.) To make merchandise of; to buy and sell.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MERCHANDISE

mur'-chan-diz

(1) `amar

(2) cachar,

(3) cachar,

(4) cechorach,

(5) rekhullah,

(6) ma`arabh,

(7) markoleth;

(8) emporia

(9) emporion,

(10) gomos)

: There seem to be 4 distinct meanings of the word according to the Revised Version (British and American), namely: (1) The products, i.e. goods or things sold or exchanged, and so merchandise in the present-day usage:

(a) cachar is translated thus in Proverbs 31:18 Isaiah 23:18;

(b) cachar is translated thus in Isaiah 45:14; these two are from a root meaning "to travel around as a peddler";

(c) rekhullah, translated thus in Ezekiel 26:12, from a root meaning "to travel for trading purposes";

(d) ma`arabh, translated thus in Ezekiel 27:9, 27, 33, 34, from a root meaning "to intermix, to barter";

(e) markoleth, translated thus in Ezekiel 27:24 (the above 5 Hebrew words are all used to designate the goods or wares which were bartered);

(f) `amar, occurring in Deuteronomy 21:14; Deuteronomy 24:7, translated in the King James Version "make merchandise of," but in the Revised Version (British and American) "deal with as a slave," or the Revised Version margin "deal with as a chattel";

(g) emporia, translated "merchandise" in Matthew 22:5;

(h) emporion, likewise in John 2:16 (the same Greek word is used in 2 Peter 2:3 for the American Standard Revised Version "make merchandise of you");

(i) gomos, "merchandise," margin "cargo."

(2) The process of trade itself, i.e. the business: rekhullah has in it the root meaning of "itinerant trading", and so in Ezekiel 28:16 the correct translation is not "merchandise," as in the King James Version, but "traffic," "abundance of thy traffic," i.e. doing a thriving business: "trade was good."

(3) The place of trading, i.e. emporium, mart, etc.: cechorah in Ezekiel 27:15 is translated "mart." In John 2:16 reference is made to the "house of merchandise."

(4) The profits of trading: In Proverbs 3:14, cachar is translated "gaining." Referring to wisdom, "For the gaining of it is better than the gaining of silver, and the profit thereof than fine gold"; the King James Version "merchandise."

William Edward Raffety

MOUNT OF OLIVES

See OLIVES, MOUNT OF; JERUSALEM.

MOUNT OF THE AMALEKITES

("Hill-country of the Amalekites" (Judges 12:15)): The Amalekites are usually connected with the valley (Numbers 14:25 Judges 7:12), but appear from this passage to have had a settlement in the hill country of Ephraim.

See AMALEKITE.

MOUNT OF THE AMORITES

("Hill-country of the Amorites" (Deuteronomy 1:7, 20, 24; compare Numbers 13:29 Joshua 10:6, etc.)): The region intended is that afterward known as the hill country of Judah and Ephraim, but sometimes "Amorites" is used as a general designation for all the inhabitants of Canaan (Genesis 15:16 Joshua 24:8, 18, etc.).

See AMORITES.

MOUNT OF THE VALLEY

Zereth-shahar is said to be situated in or on the "mount of the valley" (behar ha`emeq (Joshua 13:19)). Cheyne (EB, under the word) says "i.e. on one of the mountains East of the Jordan valley (compare Josephus 13 27), and not impossibly on that described at length in BJ, VII, vi, 1-3." To the Northwest of this mountain is Wady ec-Cara, wherein there may be a reminiscence of Zereth-shahar. There is no certainty.

Greek
1711. emporia -- commerce, business, trade.
... Word Origin fem. from emporos Definition commerce, business, trade. merchandise,
trade Feminine from emporos; traffic -- merchandise. see GREEK emporos. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1711.htm - 6k

1710. emporeuomai -- to travel in, to traffic, by impl. to trade
... traffic, by impl. to trade NASB Word Usage engage in business (1), exploit
(1). buy and sell, trade, make merchandise. From en and ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1710.htm - 7k

1117. gomos -- a ship's freight, cargo
... cargo, freight, merchandise. From gemo; a load (as filling), ie (specially) a cargo,
or (by extension) wares -- burden, merchandise. see GREEK gemo. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1117.htm - 6k

4097. piprasko -- to sell
... an alternate in certain tenses) contracted from perao (to traverse; from the base
of peran); to traffic (by travelling), ie Dispose of as merchandise or into ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4097.htm - 7k

1712. emporion -- a trading place
... from emporos Definition a trading place NASB Word Usage business (1). a market.
Neuter from emporos; a mart ("emporium") -- merchandise. see GREEK emporos. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1712.htm - 6k

4632. skeuos -- a vessel, implement, pl. goods
... goods NASB Word Usage article (2), container (1), goods (1), instrument (1), jar
(1), merchandise (1), object (3), property (2), sea anchor (1), someone (1 ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4632.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
4627. maarab -- articles of exchange, merchandise
... 4626, 4627. maarab. 4628 . articles of exchange, merchandise. Transliteration:
maarab Phonetic Spelling: (mah-ar-awb') Short Definition: merchandise. ...
/hebrew/4627.htm - 6k

4377. meker -- merchandise, value
... 4376, 4377. meker. 4378 . merchandise, value. Transliteration: meker
Phonetic Spelling: (meh'-ker) Short Definition: merchandise. ...
/hebrew/4377.htm - 6k

7404. rekullah -- traffic, merchandise
... 7403, 7404. rekullah. 7405 . traffic, merchandise. Transliteration: rekullah
Phonetic Spelling: (rek-ool-law') Short Definition: trade. ... merchandise, traffic ...
/hebrew/7404.htm - 6k

5506. sechorah -- merchandise
... 5505, 5506. sechorah. 5507 . merchandise. Transliteration: sechorah Phonetic
Spelling: (sekh-o-raw') Short Definition: market. ... merchandise. ...
/hebrew/5506.htm - 6k

4728. maqqachah -- ware (an article of merchandise)
... 4727, 4728. maqqachah. 4729 . ware (an article of merchandise). Transliteration:
maqqachah Phonetic Spelling: (mak-kaw-khaw') Short Definition: wares. ...
/hebrew/4728.htm - 6k

5505. sachar -- mart, merchandise
... 5504, 5505. sachar. 5506 . mart, merchandise. Transliteration: sachar Phonetic
Spelling: (saw-khar') Short Definition: mart. ... mart, merchandise ...
/hebrew/5505.htm - 5k

4536. mischar -- probably merchandise
... 4535, 4536. mischar. 4537 . probably merchandise. Transliteration: mischar
Phonetic Spelling: (mis-khawr') Short Definition: wares. ...
/hebrew/4536.htm - 6k

4819. markoleth -- probably place of trade, marketplace
... markoleth. 4820 . probably place of trade, marketplace. Transliteration: markoleth
Phonetic Spelling: (mar-ko'-leth) Short Definition: merchandise. ... merchandise ...
/hebrew/4819.htm - 6k

5504. sachar -- commerce, gain
... Word Origin from sachar Definition commerce, gain NASB Word Usage gain
(3), market (1), merchandise (1), profit (2). merchandise. ...
/hebrew/5504.htm - 6k

6014. amar -- to bind sheaves
... 6013, 6014. amar. 6014a . to bind sheaves. Transliteration: amar Phonetic Spelling:
(aw-mar') Short Definition: sheaves. bind sheaves, make merchandise of ...
/hebrew/6014.htm - 5k

Library

The Best Merchandise.
... Homily VIII. Chapter VIII."The Best Merchandise. "Many forms of worship,
[1113] then, having passed away in the world, we come ...
/.../unknown/the clementine homilies/chapter viii the best merchandise.htm

Ezekiel's Discourse
... The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the
ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise. ...
/.../various/select masterpieces of biblical literature/vii ezekiels discourse.htm

The Destruction of Babylon.
... And the merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her; for no one buyeth their
merchandise any more; the merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious ...
/.../bliss/a brief commentary on the apocalypse/the destruction of babylon.htm

The Kingdom of Heaven
... But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his
merchandise: And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully ...
/.../kingsley/all saints day and other sermons/sermon xxx the kingdom of.htm

The Merchantmen in the Temple
... those that sold and bought therein, and He said to them that sold doves, Take these
things hence, make not my Father's house a house of merchandise.' It was as ...
/.../bevan/three friends of god/chapter xvi the merchantmen in.htm

The Gifts of Heavenly Wisdom
... understanding.14. For the merchandise of it is better than the merchandise
of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold.15. She ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the gifts of heavenly wisdom.htm

Making Light of Christ
... REV. CH SPURGEON. At Exeter Hall, Strand. "But they made light of it, and went their
ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise.""Matthew 22:5. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 2 1856/making light of christ.htm

Against the Heresy of one Noetus.
... the only One, and who afterwards did show Himself, and conversed with men." And
in another place he says, "Egypt hath laboured; and the merchandise of Ethiopia ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/against the heresy of one.htm

Matthew's Story of the Entry into Jerusalem. Difficulties Involved ...
... We have now to take into consideration the statements of the other Gospels on the
expulsion from the temple of those who made it a house of merchandise. ...
/.../origen/origens commentary on the gospel of john/17 matthews story of the.htm

In his Temple
... to the poor. He sees how the love of God will be concealed from sinners,
and men will make merchandise of His grace. As He beholds ...
//christianbookshelf.org/white/the desire of ages/chapter 16 in his temple.htm

Thesaurus
Merchandise (34 Occurrences)
... 3. (vi) To trade; to carry on commerce. 4. (vt) To make merchandise of; to
buy and sell. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. MERCHANDISE. ...
/m/merchandise.htm - 22k

Wares (23 Occurrences)
... ah, ma`aseh, `izzabhon, keli): (1) maqqachah, something received or purchased (Nehemiah
10:31); (2) mekher, "price" or "pay," value, merchandise (Nehemiah 13:16 ...
/w/wares.htm - 15k

Mart (2 Occurrences)
... mar'-ket, mar'-ketplas, mart (ma`arabh, cachar; agora): (1) Ma`arabh, from a root
meaning "trading" and hence, goods exchanged, and so "merchandise" in the ...
/m/mart.htm - 11k

Marketplace (8 Occurrences)
... mar'-ket, mar'-ketplas, mart (ma`arabh, cachar; agora): (1) Ma`arabh, from a root
meaning "trading" and hence, goods exchanged, and so "merchandise" in the ...
/m/marketplace.htm - 13k

Market (24 Occurrences)
... mar'-ket, mar'-ketplas, mart (ma`arabh, cachar; agora): (1) Ma`arabh, from a root
meaning "trading" and hence, goods exchanged, and so "merchandise" in the ...
/m/market.htm - 19k

Merchant (15 Occurrences)
... meaning "to travel about," "to migrate," and hence "a traveller." In the East, in
ancient times, merchants travelled about with their merchandise from place to ...
/m/merchant.htm - 13k

Traded (16 Occurrences)
... Ezekiel 27:13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traffickers; they traded
the persons of men and vessels of brass for your merchandise. ...
/t/traded.htm - 11k

Remnants (8 Occurrences)
... (YLT). Ezekiel 27:19 Vedan and Javan go about with thy remnants, They have given
shining iron, cassia, and cane, In thy merchandise it hath been. (YLT). ...
/r/remnants.htm - 9k

Seas (40 Occurrences)
... Ezekiel 27:25 The ships of Tarshish were your caravans for your merchandise: and
you were replenished, and made very glorious in the heart of the seas. ...
/s/seas.htm - 18k

Merchants (34 Occurrences)
... Revelation 18:11 The merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, for no one
buys their merchandise any more; (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV). ...
/m/merchants.htm - 16k

Concordance
Merchandise (34 Occurrences)

Matthew 22:5
But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his merchandise,
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)

Mark 11:16
He would not allow anyone to carry a container through the temple.
(See NAS NIV)

John 2:16
And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise.
(KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)

2 Peter 2:3
And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
(KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Revelation 18:11
The merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, for no one buys their merchandise any more;
(WEB KJV ASV WBS)

Revelation 18:12
merchandise of gold, silver, precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple, silk, scarlet, all expensive wood, every vessel of ivory, every vessel made of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble;
(WEB KJV ASV WBS)

Revelation 18:13
and cinnamon, and spice, and incense, and ointment, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and cattle, and sheep; and 'merchandise' of horses and chariots and slaves; and souls of men.
(ASV)

Deuteronomy 21:14
And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled her.
(KJV WBS)

Deuteronomy 24:7
If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.
(KJV WBS)

Nehemiah 10:31
and if the peoples of the land bring wares or any grain on the Sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy of them on the Sabbath, or on a holy day; and that we would forego the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.
(See NIV)

Nehemiah 13:16
There lived men of Tyre also therein, who brought in fish, and all manner of wares, and sold on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.
(See NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 13:20
So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice.
(See NAS)

Job 6:27
Yes, you would even cast lots for the fatherless, and make merchandise of your friend.
(WEB ASV)

Proverbs 3:14
For the merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold.
(KJV JPS WBS YLT)

Proverbs 31:18
She perceives that her merchandise is profitable. Her lamp doesn't go out by night.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)

Isaiah 23:18
Her merchandise and her wages will be holiness to Yahweh. It will not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise will be for those who dwell before Yahweh, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
(WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Isaiah 45:14
Thus says Yahweh: "The labor of Egypt, and the merchandise of Ethiopia, and the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over to you, and they shall be yours. They will go after you. They shall come over in chains; and they will bow down to you. They will make supplication to you:'Surely God is in you; and there is none else. There is no other god.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 10:17
Gather from the land thy merchandise, O dweller in the bulwark,
(YLT)

Ezekiel 26:12
They shall make a spoil of your riches, and make a prey of your merchandise; and they shall break down your walls, and destroy your pleasant houses; and they shall lay your stones and your timber and your dust in the midst of the waters.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 27:9
The old men of Gebal and the wise men of it were in you your repairers of ship seams: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to deal in your merchandise.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Ezekiel 27:12
Tarshish 'is' thy merchant, Because of the abundance of all wealth, For silver, iron, tin, and lead, They have given out thy remnants.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for your merchandise.
(WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 27:14
They of the house of Togarmah traded for your wares with horses and war horses and mules.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 27:15
The men of Dedan were thy merchants; many isles were the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory and ebony.
(KJV WBS)

Ezekiel 27:16
Aram 'is' thy merchant, Because of the abundance of thy works, For emerald, purple, and embroidery, And fine linen, and coral, and agate, They have given out thy remnants.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 27:17
Judah, and the land of Israel, they were your traffickers: they traded for your merchandise wheat of Minnith, and confections, and honey, and oil, and balm.
(WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 27:19
Vedan and Javan traded with yarn for your wares: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were among your merchandise.
(WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 27:22
Merchants of Sheba and Raamah -- they 'are' thy merchants, For the chief of all spices, And for every precious stone, and gold, They have given out thy remnants.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 27:25
The ships of Tarshish were your caravans for your merchandise: and you were replenished, and made very glorious in the heart of the seas.
(WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 27:27
Your riches, and your wares, your merchandise, your mariners, and your pilots, your repairers of ship seams, and the dealers in your merchandise, and all your men of war, who are in you, with all your company which is in the midst of you, shall fall into the heart of the seas in the day of your ruin.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 27:33
When your wares went forth out of the seas, you filled many peoples; you did enrich the kings of the earth with the multitude of your riches and of your merchandise.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 27:34
In the time that you were broken by the seas in the depths of the waters, your merchandise and all your company did fall in the midst of you.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 28:5
By the abundance of thy wisdom, Through thy merchandise, Thou hast multiplied thy wealth, And high is thy heart through thy wealth.
(YLT)

Ezekiel 28:16
By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.
(KJV WBS YLT)

Subtopics

Merchandise

Related Terms

Wares (23 Occurrences)

Mart (2 Occurrences)

Marketplace (8 Occurrences)

Market (24 Occurrences)

Merchant (15 Occurrences)

Traded (16 Occurrences)

Remnants (8 Occurrences)

Seas (40 Occurrences)

Merchants (34 Occurrences)

Traffickers (9 Occurrences)

Repairers (3 Occurrences)

Mariners (7 Occurrences)

Calkers (2 Occurrences)

Exchanged (22 Occurrences)

Sailors (9 Occurrences)

Seams (2 Occurrences)

Trade (33 Occurrences)

Occupiers (1 Occurrence)

Javan (12 Occurrences)

Ware (6 Occurrences)

Import (2 Occurrences)

Fairs (6 Occurrences)

Treasured (20 Occurrences)

Exchangers (2 Occurrences)

Durable (2 Occurrences)

Dealers (16 Occurrences)

Pilots (4 Occurrences)

Bond (32 Occurrences)

Barter (5 Occurrences)

Cargo (7 Occurrences)

Caulkers (1 Occurrence)

Assemblage (20 Occurrences)

Sufficed (4 Occurrences)

Sabeans (4 Occurrences)

Sufficiently (3 Occurrences)

Stall (7 Occurrences)

Silk (4 Occurrences)

Stately (11 Occurrences)

Satiety (12 Occurrences)

Marble (5 Occurrences)

Purple (54 Occurrences)

Ivory (13 Occurrences)

Traders (31 Occurrences)

Mark (182 Occurrences)

Paid (86 Occurrences)

Sufficient (28 Occurrences)

Balm (7 Occurrences)

Breach (55 Occurrences)

Repair (26 Occurrences)

Lasting (40 Occurrences)

Overthrow (48 Occurrences)

Excellent (52 Occurrences)

Military (44 Occurrences)

Cyrus (20 Occurrences)

Hire (48 Occurrences)

Ships (46 Occurrences)

Boats (11 Occurrences)

Soldiers (83 Occurrences)

Articles (78 Occurrences)

Vedan (1 Occurrence)

Knotted (3 Occurrences)

Outgoing (10 Occurrences)

Orphans (12 Occurrences)

Joseph (248 Occurrences)

Leaks (3 Occurrences)

Loot (15 Occurrences)

Lingereth (2 Occurrences)

Line (131 Occurrences)

Laden (14 Occurrences)

Library

Wrappings (7 Occurrences)

Wagon (3 Occurrences)

Wrecked (4 Occurrences)

Forwarding (1 Occurrence)

Feigned (8 Occurrences)

Farm (9 Occurrences)

Fathers'

Filledst (2 Occurrences)

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