Marketplace
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MARKET; MARKETPLACE; MART

mar'-ket, mar'-ketplas, mart (ma`arabh, cachar; agora):

(1) Ma`arabh, from a root meaning "trading" and hence, goods exchanged, and so "merchandise" in the Revised Version (British and American), "market" in the King James Version, occurs only in Ezekiel 27:13, 17, 19, 25, and is translated correctly "merchandise" in both the English Revised Version and the American Standard Revised Version.

(2) Cachar means a "trading emporium," hence, mart, and merchandise. It occurs only in Isaiah 23:3 (see MERCHANDISE).

(3) Agora, from root meaning "to collect," means a "town meeting-place," "resort of the people," so a place where the public generally met to exchange views and wares. No doubt, the central place soon filling up, the people thronged the adjoining streets, and so in time each street thus used came to be called agora, "marketplace"; translated "marketplace(s)" in 1 Esdras 2:18; Tobit 2:3; Matthew 11:16; Matthew 20:3; Matthew 23:7 Mark 6:56; Mark 7:4; Mark 12:38 Luke 7:32; Luke 11:43; Luke 20:46 Acts 16:19; Acts 17:17; "Market of Appius" in Acts 28:15 means, probably, "street" (see APPII FORUM).

The marketplace in New Testament times was the public open space, either simple or ornate, in town, city or country, where (Mark 6:56) the people congregated, not only for exchange of merchandise, but for one or more of the following purposes:

(1) a place where the children came together to sing, dance and play, a "back-to-date" municipal recreation center (Matthew 11:16, 17 Luke 7:32);

(2) a place for loafers, a sort of ancient, irresponsible labor bureau where the out-of-work idler waited the coming of an employer with whom he might bargain for his services, usually by the day (Matthew 20:1-16);

(3) a place where the proud pretender could parade in long robes and get public recognition, "salutations in the market-places," e.g. the scribes and Pharisees against whom Jesus emphatically warns His disciples (Matthew 23:3-7 Mark 12:38 Luke 11:43; Luke 20:46);

(4) a place where the sick were brought for treatment, the poor man's sanatorium, a municipal hospital; Jesus "who went about doing good" often found His opportunity there (Mark 6:56);

(5) a place of preliminary hearing in trials, where the accused might be brought before rulers who were present at the time, e.g. Paul and Silas at Philippi (Acts 16:19);

(6) a place for religious and probably political or philosophical discussion (gossip also), a forum, a free-speech throne; no doubt often used by the early apostles not only as a place of proclaiming some truth of the new religion but also a place of advertisement for a coming synagogue service, e.g. Paul in Athens (Acts 17:17).

The Wisdom of Solomon 15:12 (the King James Version) has "They counted... our time here a market for gain," the Revised Version (British and American) "a gainful fair," margin "a keeping of festival," Greek panegurismos, "an assembly of all." Such assemblies offered particular opportunities for business dealings.

William Edward Raffety

Greek
59. agorazo -- to buy in the marketplace, purchase
... to buy in the marketplace, purchase. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: agorazo
Phonetic Spelling: (ag-or-ad'-zo) Short Definition: I buy Definition: I buy. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/59.htm - 9k

60. agoraios -- pertaining to the marketplace, an agitator
... pertaining to the marketplace, an agitator. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration:
agoraios Phonetic Spelling: (ag-or-ah'-yos) Short Definition: a lounger ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/60.htm - 6k

3111. makellon -- a meat market
... Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: makellon Phonetic Spelling:
(mak'-el-lon) Short Definition: a meat-market Definition: a meat-market, marketplace. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3111.htm - 6k

1712. emporion -- a trading place
... Cognate: 1712 -- an emporium; a marketplace for (doing commerce), used only
in Jn 2:16 (see also Lk 19:13). See 1713 (). Word Origin neut. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1712.htm - 6k

1805. exagorazo -- to buy up, ie ransom, fig. to rescue from loss
... 1805 (from 1537 , "completely " which intensifies 59 , "buy-up at the marketplace") --
properly, take of, seizing a buying-opportunity, ie making the most of ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1805.htm - 7k

58. agora -- an assembly, place of assembly
... Word Origin from ageiro (to bring together) Definition an assembly, place of assembly
NASB Word Usage market place (5), market places (6). marketplace, street. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/58.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
4819. markoleth -- probably place of trade, marketplace
... 4818, 4819. markoleth. 4820 . probably place of trade, marketplace.
Transliteration: markoleth Phonetic Spelling: (mar-ko'-leth) Short Definition: ...
/hebrew/4819.htm - 6k
Library

Against the Arians, and Concerning Himself.
... Porticoes, and that marvellous work the underground and overhead river, [3769] and
the splendid and admired column, [3770] and the crowded marketplace and a ...
/.../cyril/lectures of s cyril of jerusalem/oration xxxiii against the arians.htm

The Baptist's Inquiry and Jesus' Discourse Suggested Thereby.
... 32 They are { ^a It is} like unto children sitting { ^c that sit} in the marketplace {
^a marketplace} ^c and ^a who call ^c one to another; ^a unto their ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/xlv the baptists inquiry and.htm

Slavery
... their prisoners and clothed them in a kind of rough uniform, fastened chains round
their necks and marched them through the town to the marketplace, where they ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/forbes/life of st vincent de paul/chapter 2 slavery.htm

Port of Spain
... They stand idle in the marketplace, not because they have not been hired, but because
they do not want to be hired; being able to live like the Lazzaroni of ...
//christianbookshelf.org/kingsley/at last/chapter iv port of spain.htm

The Cripple at Lystra
... Coming down from the mountain-side Paul and Barnabas enter the town, and when a
fitting time has come, they stand up in the marketplace, or the street, and ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 10 1864/the cripple at lystra.htm

Joshua Kocherthal.
... The flames went up from every marketplace, every hamlet, every parish
church, every country seat, within the devoted provinces. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/bente/american lutheranism/joshua kocherthal.htm

But the Important Point Here is Only that You Cannot Anyhow Get ...
... to go straight to the schoolroom when they have never passed through the Parliament,
the public house, the private house, the church, or the marketplace. ...
/.../chesterton/whats wrong with the world/chapter 33 but the important.htm

And the Pharisees Went Out, and Consulted Together Concerning Him. ...
... [6] [610] He shall not dispute, nor cry out; And no man shall hear his voice in
the marketplace. [7] [611] And a bruised reed shall he not break,. ...
/.../hogg/the diatessaron of tatian/section viii and the pharisees.htm

The Sympathy of the Two Worlds
... It is like the fountain in the marketplace; whenever it is full it runs away in
streams, and so soon as it ceases to overflow, you may be quite sure that it ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 4 1858/the sympathy of the two.htm

The First Theological Oration.
... to the rules of the sport, but a kind to deceive the eyes of those who are ignorant
in such matters, and to catch applause), and every marketplace must buzz ...
/.../cyril/lectures of s cyril of jerusalem/oration xxvii the first theological.htm

Thesaurus
Marketplace (8 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia MARKET; MARKETPLACE; MART. mar'-ket,
mar'-ketplas, mart (ma`arabh, cachar; agora): (1) Ma`arabh, from ...
/m/marketplace.htm - 13k

Market (24 Occurrences)
... the farms have marketed their crops. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. MARKET;
MARKETPLACE; MART. mar'-ket, mar'-ketplas, mart (ma ...
/m/market.htm - 19k

Mart (2 Occurrences)
... 4. (vt) To traffic. 5. (n.) The god Mars. 6. (n.) Battle; contest. Int.
Standard Bible Encyclopedia. MARKET; MARKETPLACE; MART. mar ...
/m/mart.htm - 11k

Unpersuaded (3 Occurrences)
... Acts 17:5 But the unpersuaded Jews took along some wicked men from the
marketplace, and gathering a crowd, set the city in an uproar. ...
/u/unpersuaded.htm - 7k

Market-place (7 Occurrences)
Market-place. Marketplace, Market-place. Marketplaces . Easton's Bible Dictionary ...
(BBE). Marketplace, Market-place. Marketplaces . Reference Bible.
/m/market-place.htm - 9k

Vessels (210 Occurrences)
... Mark 7:4 They don't eat when they come from the marketplace, unless they bathe
themselves, and there are many other things, which they have received to hold to ...
/v/vessels.htm - 40k

Unless (102 Occurrences)
... Mark 7:4 They don't eat when they come from the marketplace, unless they bathe
themselves, and there are many other things, which they have received to hold to ...
/u/unless.htm - 36k

Observe (216 Occurrences)
... Mark 7:4 They don't eat when they come from the marketplace, unless they bathe
themselves, and there are many other things, which they have received to hold to ...
/o/observe.htm - 38k

Gathering (71 Occurrences)
... (KJV WBS YLT). Acts 17:5 But the unpersuaded Jews took along some wicked men from
the marketplace, and gathering a crowd, set the city in an uproar. ...
/g/gathering.htm - 28k

Gains (19 Occurrences)
... Acts 16:19 And when her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone, they
caught Paul and Silas, and drew them into the marketplace unto the rulers, (KJV ...
/g/gains.htm - 11k

Concordance
Marketplace (8 Occurrences)

Matthew 20:3
He went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace.
(WEB KJV ASV NIV)

Mark 7:4
They don't eat when they come from the marketplace, unless they bathe themselves, and there are many other things, which they have received to hold to: washings of cups, pitchers, bronze vessels, and couches.)
(WEB NIV)

Luke 7:32
They are like children who sit in the marketplace, and call one to another, saying,'We piped to you, and you didn't dance. We mourned, and you didn't weep.'
(WEB KJV ASV NIV)

John 2:16
To those who sold the doves, he said, "Take these things out of here! Don't make my Father's house a marketplace!"
(WEB)

Acts 16:19
But when her masters saw that the hope of their gain was gone, they seized Paul and Silas, and dragged them into the marketplace before the rulers.
(WEB KJV ASV NIV)

Acts 17:5
But the unpersuaded Jews took along some wicked men from the marketplace, and gathering a crowd, set the city in an uproar. Assaulting the house of Jason, they sought to bring them out to the people.
(WEB NIV)

Acts 17:17
So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and the devout persons, and in the marketplace every day with those who met him.
(WEB ASV NIV)

Isaiah 23:3
And on great waters the seed of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the mart of nations.
(See NIV)

Subtopics

Marketplace

Related Terms

Market (24 Occurrences)

Mart (2 Occurrences)

Unpersuaded (3 Occurrences)

Market-place (7 Occurrences)

Vessels (210 Occurrences)

Unless (102 Occurrences)

Observe (216 Occurrences)

Gathering (71 Occurrences)

Gains (19 Occurrences)

Girl (71 Occurrences)

Wailed (11 Occurrences)

Weep (97 Occurrences)

Washings (4 Occurrences)

Wept (78 Occurrences)

Idle (33 Occurrences)

Formed (91 Occurrences)

Third (192 Occurrences)

Traditions (10 Occurrences)

Realized (33 Occurrences)

Rounded (7 Occurrences)

Reasoned (20 Occurrences)

Rushed (24 Occurrences)

Devout (13 Occurrences)

Danced (7 Occurrences)

Dare (19 Occurrences)

Dance (18 Occurrences)

Doves (25 Occurrences)

Dragged (19 Occurrences)

Masters (59 Occurrences)

Marketing (2 Occurrences)

Mourned (54 Occurrences)

Piped (4 Occurrences)

Pitchers (12 Occurrences)

Purity (16 Occurrences)

Purify (39 Occurrences)

Pigeons (14 Occurrences)

Becoming (75 Occurrences)

Bronze (146 Occurrences)

Bathe (35 Occurrences)

Couches (15 Occurrences)

Cups (28 Occurrences)

Chanced (3 Occurrences)

Copper (55 Occurrences)

Characters (6 Occurrences)

Caught (110 Occurrences)

Assaulting (1 Occurrence)

Argued (20 Occurrences)

Authorities (44 Occurrences)

Started (51 Occurrences)

Sold (92 Occurrences)

Sang (28 Occurrences)

Standing (334 Occurrences)

Jason (5 Occurrences)

Father's (251 Occurrences)

Bad (129 Occurrences)

Business (147 Occurrences)

Seized (118 Occurrences)

Stop (108 Occurrences)

Received (312 Occurrences)

Met (118 Occurrences)

Themselves (911 Occurrences)

Cleanse (75 Occurrences)

Sit (216 Occurrences)

Drew (162 Occurrences)

Gain (142 Occurrences)

Wash (105 Occurrences)

Greeks (22 Occurrences)

Wicked (476 Occurrences)

Persons (156 Occurrences)

Sought (199 Occurrences)

Eat (690 Occurrences)

Silas (22 Occurrences)

Calling (145 Occurrences)

Didn't (734 Occurrences)

Rulers (310 Occurrences)

Sitting (201 Occurrences)

Hold (500 Occurrences)

Present (577 Occurrences)

Making (644 Occurrences)

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