Romans 9:23
New International Version
What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory--

New Living Translation
He does this to make the riches of his glory shine even brighter on those to whom he shows mercy, who were prepared in advance for glory.

English Standard Version
in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory—

Berean Study Bible
What if He did this to make the riches of His glory known to the vessels of His mercy, whom He prepared in advance for glory—

Berean Literal Bible
that He might also make known the riches of His glory upon the vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory,

New American Standard Bible
And He did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory,

King James Bible
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,

Christian Standard Bible
And what if he did this to make known the riches of his glory on objects of mercy that he prepared beforehand for glory--

Contemporary English Version
He did this by showing how glorious he is when he has pity on the people he has chosen to share in his glory.

Good News Translation
And he also wanted to reveal his abundant glory, which was poured out on us who are the objects of his mercy, those of us whom he has prepared to receive his glory.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And what if He did this to make known the riches of His glory on objects of mercy that He prepared beforehand for glory--

International Standard Version
Can't he also reveal his glorious riches to the objects of his mercy that he has prepared ahead of time for glory—

NET Bible
And what if he is willing to make known the wealth of his glory on the objects of mercy that he has prepared beforehand for glory--

New Heart English Bible
and that he might make known the riches of his glory on vessels of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his love overflowed on the vessels of compassion that were prepared by God for glory;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Can't God also reveal the riches of his glory to people who are objects of his mercy and who he had already prepared for glory?

New American Standard 1977
And He did so in order that He might make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and making known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he has prepared unto glory?

King James 2000 Bible
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared unto glory,

American King James Version
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared to glory,

American Standard Version
and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,

Douay-Rheims Bible
That he might shew the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he hath prepared unto glory?

Darby Bible Translation
and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared for glory,

English Revised Version
and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,

Webster's Bible Translation
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared for glory,

Weymouth New Testament
in order to make known His infinite goodness towards the subjects of His mercy whom He has prepared beforehand for glory,

World English Bible
and that he might make known the riches of his glory on vessels of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory,

Young's Literal Translation
and that He might make known the riches of His glory on vessels of kindness, that He before prepared for glory, whom also He did call -- us --
Study Bible
The Calling of the Gentiles
22What if God, intending to show His wrath and make His power known, bore with great patience the vessels of His wrath, prepared for destruction? 23What if He did this to make the riches of His glory known to the vessels of His mercy, whom He prepared in advance for glory— 24including us, whom He has called not only from the Jews, but also from the Gentiles?…
Cross References
Acts 9:15
"Go!" said the Lord. "This man is My chosen instrument to carry My name before the Gentiles and their kings, and before the people of Israel.

Romans 2:4
Or do you disregard the riches of His kindness, tolerance, and patience, not realizing that God's kindness leads you to repentance?

Romans 8:29
For those God foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brothers.

Romans 8:30
And those He predestined He also called, those He called He also justified, those He justified He also glorified.

Ephesians 3:16
I pray that out of the riches of His glory He may strengthen you with power through His Spirit in your inner being,

Treasury of Scripture

And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared to glory,

might.

Romans 2:4
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?

Romans 5:20,21
Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: …

Ephesians 1:6-8,18
To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved…

he had afore.

1 Chronicles 29:18
O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy people, and prepare their heart unto thee:

Luke 1:17
And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

Ephesians 2:3-5
Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others…







Lexicon
[What if He did this]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

to
ἵνα (hina)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2443: In order that, so that. Probably from the same as the former part of heautou; in order that.

make
γνωρίσῃ (gnōrisē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1107: To make known, declare, know, discover. From a derivative of ginosko; to make known; subjectively, to know.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

riches
πλοῦτον (plouton)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4149: From the base of pletho; wealth, i.e. money, possessions, or abundance, richness, valuable bestowment.

of
τῆς (tēs)
Article - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

glory {known}
δόξης (doxēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1391: From the base of dokeo; glory, in a wide application.

to
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

[the] vessels
σκεύη (skeuē)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4632: A vessel, implement, equipment or apparatus (specially, a wife as contributing to the usefulness of the husband).

of [His] mercy,
ἐλέους (eleous)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1656: Pity, mercy, compassion. Of uncertain affinity; compassion.

whom
(ha)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

He prepared in advance
προητοίμασεν (proētoimasen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4282: To prepare or appoint beforehand, predestine. From pro and hetoimazo; to fit up in advance.

for
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

glory—
δόξαν (doxan)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1391: From the base of dokeo; glory, in a wide application.
9:14-24 Whatever God does, must be just. Wherein the holy, happy people of God differ from others, God's grace alone makes them differ. In this preventing, effectual, distinguishing grace, he acts as a benefactor, whose grace is his own. None have deserved it; so that those who are saved, must thank God only; and those who perish, must blame themselves only, Hos 13:9. God is bound no further than he has been pleased to bind himself by his own covenant and promise, which is his revealed will. And this is, that he will receive, and not cast out, those that come to Christ; but the drawing of souls in order to that coming, is an anticipating, distinguishing favour to whom he will. Why does he yet find fault? This is not an objection to be made by the creature against his Creator, by man against God. The truth, as it is in Jesus, abases man as nothing, as less than nothing, and advances God as sovereign Lord of all. Who art thou that art so foolish, so feeble, so unable to judge the Divine counsels? It becomes us to submit to him, not to reply against him. Would not men allow the infinite God the same sovereign right to manage the affairs of the creation, as the potter exercises in disposing of his clay, when of the same lump he makes one vessel to a more honourable, and one to a meaner use? God could do no wrong, however it might appear to men. God will make it appear that he hates sin. Also, he formed vessels filled with mercy. Sanctification is the preparation of the soul for glory. This is God's work. Sinners fit themselves for hell, but it is God who prepares saints for heaven; and all whom God designs for heaven hereafter, he fits for heaven now. Would we know who these vessels of mercy are? Those whom God has called; and these not of the Jews only, but of the Gentiles. Surely there can be no unrighteousness in any of these Divine dispensations. Nor in God's exercising long-suffering, patience, and forbearance towards sinners under increasing guilt, before he brings utter destruction upon them. The fault is in the hardened sinner himself. As to all who love and fear God, however such truths appear beyond their reason to fathom, yet they should keep silence before him. It is the Lord alone who made us to differ; we should adore his pardoning mercy and new-creating grace, and give diligence to make our calling and election sure.
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NT Letters: Romans 9:23 And that he might make known (Rom. Ro) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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