Nehemiah 11:1
New International Version
Now the leaders of the people settled in Jerusalem. The rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of every ten of them to live in Jerusalem, the holy city, while the remaining nine were to stay in their own towns.

New Living Translation
The leaders of the people were living in Jerusalem, the holy city. A tenth of the people from the other towns of Judah and Benjamin were chosen by sacred lots to live there, too, while the rest stayed where they were.

English Standard Version
Now the leaders of the people lived in Jerusalem. And the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to live in Jerusalem the holy city, while nine out of ten remained in the other towns.

Berean Study Bible
Now the leaders of the people settled in Jerusalem, and the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to live in the holy city of Jerusalem, while the remaining nine were to dwell in their own cities.

New American Standard Bible
Now the leaders of the people lived in Jerusalem, but the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to live in Jerusalem, the holy city, while nine-tenths remained in the other cities.

King James Bible
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

Christian Standard Bible
Now the leaders of the people stayed in Jerusalem, and the rest of the people cast lots for one out of ten to come and live in Jerusalem, the holy city, while the other nine-tenths remained in their towns.

Contemporary English Version
The nation's leaders and their families settled in Jerusalem. But there was room for only one out of every ten of the remaining families, and so they asked God to show them who would live there.

Good News Translation
The leaders settled in Jerusalem, and the rest of the people drew lots to choose one family out of every ten to go and live in the holy city of Jerusalem, while the rest were to live in the other cities and towns.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now the leaders of the people stayed in Jerusalem, and the rest of the people cast lots for one out of ten to come and live in Jerusalem, the holy city, while the other nine#NAME? towns.

International Standard Version
The leaders of the people who lived in Jerusalem, along with the rest of the people, decided to choose one out of ten of them by lot to live in Jerusalem, the holy city, leaving the other nine of them in their towns.

NET Bible
So the leaders of the people settled in Jerusalem, while the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of every ten to settle in Jerusalem, the holy city, while the other nine remained in other cities.

New Heart English Bible
And the princes of the people lived in Jerusalem. And the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The leaders of the people settled in Jerusalem. The rest of the people drew lots to bring one out of every ten to live in Jerusalem, the holy city. The remaining nine-tenths were supposed to live in the other cities.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the princes of the people dwelt in Jerusalem; the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

New American Standard 1977
Now the leaders of the people lived in Jerusalem, but the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to live in Jerusalem, the holy city, while nine-tenths remained in the other cities.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem; but the rest of the people cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city and nine parts to dwell in the other cities.

King James 2000 Bible
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine tenths to dwell in other cities.

American King James Version
And the rulers of the people dwelled at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

American Standard Version
And the princes of the people dwelt in Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the chiefs of the people dwelt in Jerusalem: and the rest of the people cast lots, to bring one of every ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the princes of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: but the rest of the people cast lots, to take one part in ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

Darby Bible Translation
And the princes of the people dwelt in Jerusalem; and the rest of the people cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem, the holy city, and nine parts in the cities.

English Revised Version
And the princes of the people dwelt in Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

World English Bible
The princes of the people lived in Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the [other] cities.

Young's Literal Translation
And the heads of the people dwell in Jerusalem, and the rest of the people have caused to fall lots to bring in one out of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the cities,
Study Bible
The New Settlers in Jerusalem
1Now the leaders of the people settled in Jerusalem, and the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to live in the holy city of Jerusalem, while the remaining nine were to dwell in their own cities. 2And the people blessed all the men who volunteered to live in Jerusalem.…
Cross References
Matthew 4:5
Then the devil took Him to the holy city and set Him on the pinnacle of the temple.

Acts 1:26
Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.

1 Chronicles 9:3
These were some of the descendants of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh who lived in Jerusalem:

Nehemiah 7:4
Now the city was large and spacious, but there were few people in it, and the houses had not yet been rebuilt.

Nehemiah 10:34
We have cast lots among the priests, Levites, and people for the donation of wood by our families at the appointed times each year. They are to bring it to the house of our God to burn on the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the Law.

Nehemiah 11:18
The Levites in the holy city totaled 284.

Isaiah 48:2
who indeed call yourselves after the Holy City and lean on the God of Israel--the LORD of Hosts is His name.

Isaiah 52:1
Awaken, awaken, clothe yourself with strength, O Zion! Put on your garments of splendor, O Jerusalem, Holy City! For the uncircumcised and unclean will not again enter you.

Treasury of Scripture

And the rulers of the people dwelled at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

the rulers.

Nehemiah 7:4,5
Now the city was large and great: but the people were few therein, and the houses were not builded…

Deuteronomy 17:8,9
If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, being matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; …

Psalm 122:5
For there are set thrones of judgment, the thrones of the house of David.

cast lots.

Nehemiah 10:34
And we cast the lots among the priests, the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, after the houses of our fathers, at times appointed year by year, to burn upon the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the law:

Joshua 18:10
And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions.

1 Chronicles 26:13
And they cast lots, as well the small as the great, according to the house of their fathers, for every gate.

one of ten.

Judges 20:9,10
But now this shall be the thing which we will do to Gibeah; we will go up by lot against it; …

the holy.

Nehemiah 11:18
All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred fourscore and four.

Isaiah 48:2
For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name.

Isaiah 52:1
Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.







Lexicon
Now the leaders
שָׂרֵֽי־ (śā·rê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of the people
הָעָ֖ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

settled
וַיֵּשְׁב֥וּ (way·yê·šə·ḇū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in Jerusalem,
בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם (bî·rū·šā·lim)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3389: Jerusalem -- probably 'foundation of peace', capital city of all Israel

and the rest
וּשְׁאָ֣ר (ū·šə·’ār)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7605: Rest, residue, remnant

of the people
הָ֠עָם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

cast
הִפִּ֨ילוּ (hip·pî·lū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5307: To fall, lie

lots
גוֹרָל֜וֹת (ḡō·w·rā·lō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1486: Lot -- a lot (for casting)

to bring
לְהָבִ֣יא ׀ (lə·hā·ḇî)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

one
אֶחָ֣ד (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

out
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

of ten
הָעֲשָׂרָ֗ה (hā·‘ă·śā·rāh)
Article | Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6235: Ten

to live
לָשֶׁ֙בֶת֙ (lā·še·ḇeṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in the holy
הַקֹּ֔דֶשׁ (haq·qō·ḏeš)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

city
עִ֣יר (‘îr)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

of Jerusalem,
בִּֽירוּשָׁלִַ֙ם֙ (bî·rū·šā·lim)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3389: Jerusalem -- probably 'foundation of peace', capital city of all Israel

while
וְתֵ֥שַׁע (wə·ṯê·ša‘)
Conjunctive waw | Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8672: Nine, ninth

the remaining nine
הַיָּד֖וֹת (hay·yā·ḏō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

[were to dwell] in [their own] cities.
בֶּעָרִֽים׃ (be·‘ā·rîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement
XI.

(1, 2) The history reverts to Nehemiah 7:5; lots are cast for the transfer of one-tenth of the people to the capital.

(1) And the rulers.--The narrative joins on to Nehemiah 7:4. The festival month had prevented the immediate carrying out of the governor's purpose.

The rest of the people.--The rulers being already in the capital, Nehemiah ordered that one man in ten should be chosen by lot to transfer his family.

Jerusalem the holy city.--Remembering the "separation" that had taken place (Nehemiah 9), and the recent covenant (Nehemiah 10), we see the solemnity of this epithet, now first used, and repeated in Nehemiah 11:18. "Then shall Jerusalem be holy, and no strangers shall pass through her any more (Joel 3:17). But the New Testament brings another comment on the phrase.

(2) The people blessed all the men that willingly offered themselves.--We are not told that any compensation was made to them; and these words seem to indicate that the chosen ones freely submitted, their patriotism being applauded by all.--Jerusalem was the post of danger, and in any case it was a hardship to leave their country possessions (Nehemiah 11:3).

Verse 1. - The rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem. Jerusalem was the residence of all the nobles from the first (see Nehemiah 2:16); no increase could be made in this element of the population. Nehemiah had to look lower, and to obtain his new settlers from the ranks of the "people." The people ... cast lots. No doubt under direction. The Jews had frequent recourse to the lot for the determining of doubtful matters, believing, as they did, that "the whole disposing thereof was of the Lord (Proverbs 16:33). Divine sanction had been given, in the course of the Jewish history, to the use of the lot for the selection of persons (Joshua 7:16-18 1 Samuel 10:19-21), for the distribution of lands (Numbers 26:25, 26), and for the determination of the order in which different bodies should execute an office (1 Chronicles 24:5; 1 Chronicles 25:8). In the democratic states of Greece it was used widely to determine between candidates for an office. One in ten. Ewald supposes that this was to be the proportion between the population of Jerusalem and the whole population of the country, and ascribes the fixing of the proportion to Zerubbabel ('History of Israel,' vol. 5. p. 159). But there is no statement to this effect in either Ezra or Nehemiah, and the brief narrative of this verse seems to imply the addition of a tenth part of the country population to the previous population of Jerusalem, rather than the establishment of any definite proportion between the two. Nine parts. Literally, "nine hands," as in Genesis 43:34; Genesis 47:24. 11:1-36 The distribution of the people. - In all ages, men have preferred their own ease and advantage to the public good. Even the professors of religion too commonly seek their own, and not the things of Christ. Few have had such attachment to holy things and holy places, as to renounce pleasure for their sake. Yet surely, our souls should delight to dwell where holy persons and opportunities of spiritual improvement most abound. If we have not this love to the city of our God, and to every thing that assists our communion with the Saviour, how shall we be willing to depart hence; to be absent from the body, that we may be present with the Lord? To the carnal-minded, the perfect holiness of the New Jerusalem would be still harder to bear than the holiness of God's church on earth. Let us seek first the favour of God, and his glory; let us study to be patient, contented, and useful in our several stations, and wait, with cheerful hope, for admission into the holy city of God.
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Alphabetical: and bring but cast cities city every holy in Jerusalem leaders live lived lots nine nine-tenths Now of one other out own people remained remaining rest settled stay ten the their to towns were while

OT History: Nehemiah 11:1 The princes of the people lived (Neh Ne) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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