Nehemiah 11:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now the leaders of the people lived in Jerusalem. And the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to live in Jerusalem the holy city, while nine out of ten remained in the other towns.

King James Bible
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

American Standard Version
And the princes of the people dwelt in Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the princes of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: but the rest of the people cast lots, to take one part in ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

English Revised Version
And the princes of the people dwelt in Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.

Nehemiah 11:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Nehemiah 10:34-40)

Agreement to provide for the expenses of the temple and its ministers. - If the community seriously intended to walk by the rule of God's law, they must take care that the temple service, as the public worship of the community, should be provided for according to the law and a firm footing and due solemnity thus given to religion. For this purpose, it was indispensable to guarantee the contributions prescribed for the necessary expenses of the temple worship, and the support of its ministers. Hence this entering into a solemn agreement to observe the law was regarded as a suitable occasion for regulating the services prescribed by the law with respect to the temple and its ministers, and mutually binding themselves to their observance.

Nehemiah 10:33-34

We ordained for ourselves (עלינוּ, upon us, inasmuch as such things are spoken of as are taken upon one). עלינוּ לתת, to lay upon ourselves the third part of a shekel yearly for the service of the house of our God. It is not said who were to be bound to furnish this contribution, but it is assumed that it was a well-known custom. This appointed payment is evidently only a revival of the Mosaic precept, Exodus 30:13, that every man of twenty years of age and upwards should give half a shekel as a תּרוּמה to the Lord, - a tribute which was still paid in Christ's days, Matthew 17:24. In consideration, however, of the poverty of the greater portion of the community, it was now lowered to a third of a shekel. The view of Aben Ezra, that a third of a shekel was to be paid in addition to the half shekel levied in conformity with the law, is unsupported by the text. העבודה, the service of the house of God, is not the building and repairs of the temple, but the regular worship. For, according to Nehemiah 10:34, the tax was to be applied to defraying the expenses of worship, to supplying the shew-bread, the continual meat and burnt offerings (Numbers 28:3-8), the sacrifices for the Sabbaths, new moons (Numbers 28:9-15), and festivals (Numbers 28:16-29, 38), - for the קדשׁים, holy gifts, by which, from their position between the burnt-offering and the sin-offering, we may understand the thank-offerings, which were offered in the name of the congregation, as e.g., the two lambs at Pentecost, Leviticus 23:19, and the offerings brought at feasts of dedication, comp. Exodus 24:5; Ezra 6:17, - for the sin-offerings which were sacrificed at every great festival; and finally for all the work of the house of our God, i.e., whatever else was needful for worship (ל must be supplied from the context before כּל־מלאכת). The establishment of such a tax for the expenses of worship, does not justify the view that the contributions promised by Artaxerxes in his edict, Ezra 7:20., of things necessary to worship had ceased, and that the congregation had now to defray the expenses from their own resources. For it may readily be supposed, that besides the assistance afforded by the king, the congregation might also esteem it needful to furnish a contribution, to meet the increased requirements of worship, and thus to augment the revenues of the temple, - the royal alms being limited to a certain amount (see Ezra 7:22).

Nehemiah 11:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the rulers.

Nehemiah 7:4,5 Now the city was large and great: but the people were few therein, and the houses were not built...

Deuteronomy 17:8,9 If there arise a matter too hard for you in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke...

Psalm 122:5 For there are set thrones of judgment, the thrones of the house of David.

cast lots. Jerusalem certainly had many inhabitants at this time, but not sufficient to preserve the city, which was now encompassed with a wall, the building of which was going on fast. Nehemiah, therefore, obliged one-tenth of the country people to come and dwell in it, that the population might be sufficient for the defence of the city. Some volunteered their services, which was at that time considered a sacrifice to patriotism; as Jerusalem then afforded very few advantages, and was a place of considerable danger: hence 'the people blessed them that willingly offered themselves.'

Nehemiah 10:34 And we cast the lots among the priests, the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God...

Joshua 18:10 And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD...

1 Chronicles 26:13 And they cast lots, as well the small as the great, according to the house of their fathers, for every gate.

Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the LORD.

Acts 1:24 And they prayed, and said, You, Lord, which know the hearts of all men, show whether of these two you have chosen,

one of ten.

Judges 20:9,10 But now this shall be the thing which we will do to Gibeah; we will go up by lot against it...

the holy.

Nehemiah 11:18 All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred fourscore and four.

Isaiah 48:2 For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves on the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name.

Isaiah 52:1 Awake, awake; put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city...

Matthew 4:5 Then the devil takes him up into the holy city, and sets him on a pinnacle of the temple,

Matthew 27:53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared to many.

Cross References
Matthew 4:5
Then the devil took him to the holy city and set him on the pinnacle of the temple

Acts 1:26
And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.

1 Chronicles 9:3
And some of the people of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh lived in Jerusalem:

Nehemiah 7:4
The city was wide and large, but the people within it were few, and no houses had been rebuilt.

Nehemiah 10:34
We, the priests, the Levites, and the people, have likewise cast lots for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, according to our fathers' houses, at times appointed, year by year, to burn on the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the Law.

Nehemiah 11:18
All the Levites in the holy city were 284.

Isaiah 48:2
For they call themselves after the holy city, and stay themselves on the God of Israel; the LORD of hosts is his name.

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